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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kire-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to mince 2 to be broken off, break off 3 to gnaw
Russian meaning: 1 крошить, резать на куски 2 отламываться, отламывать 3 грызть
Evenki: kirge- 3
Even: qịrGъ̣- 3
Ulcha: kirki-ču- 3, kiri 'front tooth'
Orok: keren- 1, kirī- 'скалить зубы'
Nanai: qịarqịalị-, kerkieli- 3, kermē- 2
Comments: ТМС 1, 398, 453, 454. Cf. also Evk. kiramkī, kīrke 'fish-fork', kirur 'scraper' possibly derived from the same root.

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