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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *ala-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to tell 2 (caus.) to teach, explain 3 to offer as sacrifice 4 to be responsible 5 royal decree
Russian meaning: 1 учить, объяснять 2 рассказывать 3 приносить в жертву 4 нести ответственность 5 высочайшее повеление
Evenki: alawū- 2
Negidal: ala-čị- 3
Spoken Manchu: alǝ- 'to tell, to inform' (1346)
Literary Manchu: ala- 1
Jurchen: alawa-gi (576) 5
Ulcha: alaụ- 2, 4
Orok: alaụ- 2
Nanai: alō-sị- 2
Oroch: alụ- 1, alaw- 2
Udighe: alau- 2
Comments: ТМС 1, 28. Cf. also Man. algi- 'to be glorified', algin 'fame' - probably belonging here and not (despite Doerfer MT 239) borrowed from Turk. *ạlkɨ- (a quite different root, see *p`i̯ŏlge); TM *al-du 'news, rumours, information' (ТМС 1, 31).

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