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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *t`i̯ŭ́p`o
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: nail; hoof
Russian meaning: ноготь; копыто
Turkic: *tubńa-k
Mongolian: *tuwra, *turuɣu
Tungus-Manchu: *tüpa, *tüp-ken
Korean: *tòph
Japanese: *túmá-i
Comments: EAS 98, Владимирцов 293, Poppe 66 (Turk.-Mong.), Martin 228, АПиПЯЯ 96-97, 278, Лексика 147. Despite Doerfer's (TMN 2, 647-648) doubts, the Turk. form cannot be separated from the others, although it shows a somewhat peculiar phonetic development. PJ *túmá- < *túpá-n-: cf. also OJ tubunak(j)i 'ankle' ( = PT *tubńak, Evn. tuwnuke).

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