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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *š[i̯à]mì
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: island; forest
Russian meaning: остров; лес
Turkic: *simek
Tungus-Manchu: *šumi ( ~ č-)
Korean: *sjǝ̄m
Japanese: *sìmà
Comments: EAS 155, Martin 234, Miller 1976, 370-371, 1979b, 17-31, Martin 1996, 35. The parallel seems quite plausible (on a similar interchange between "island" and "forest" see, e.g., under *ā́rV), but vocalism raises some doubts. The reconstruction *ši̯àmi is possible if one assumes PT *simek < *semek (which is quite possible, because the word is only attested in OUygh. and may have actually been semek), and PTM *šumi < *šimu (cf. the Udehe (An.) form simb́o - perhaps archaic).

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