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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *sĕme (-a)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: fat
Russian meaning: жир
Turkic: *semiŕ
Mongolian: *semǯi
Tungus-Manchu: *semesik
Korean: *sam
Comments: EAS 71, KW 323, Poppe 29, Дыбо 14. It is interesting to note OJ same-nuri 'a way of applying varnish' (if same- here is not = sama- 'to fade'). Despite Poppe 1974, 120, *-ǯi in Mong. is a quite common suffix (see Poppe 1973, 234) and the Mong. form can hardly be regarded as borrowed < Turkic (Clark 1980, 39 says that the case "defies explanation" (as a borrowing); likewise, the TM forms are difficult to explain as borrowed < Mong.

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