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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *sāmo
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: shape, appearance
Russian meaning: форма, вид
Turkic: *som
Tungus-Manchu: *sāma
Japanese: *sámà
Comments: The comparison seems probable, despite tonal incongruence between TM and Jpn. Ramstedt (SKE 222) compares Manchu forms with Kor. sam 'a speck or mote in the eye' (that may rather belong to *sḗmi q. v.).

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