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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *ṑr(e)kV
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to be frightened, startled
Russian meaning: пугаться
Turkic: *ürk-
Mongolian: *ürgü-
Tungus-Manchu: *(x)ūrkan-
Japanese: *ǝ̀ntǝ̀rǝ̀k-
Comments: EAS 122, Poppe 80, 83, 111. Mong. may be < Turk., see Щербак 1997, 162. There is also a possibility of confusion of this root with *p`i̯ŭ̀ri q. v. - in Turkic their reflexes could have merged, and in Mong. some dialects (cf. the Dagur form) may reflect *hürgü-.

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