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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *ŋṑŕa
Meaning: to surpass, win, contest
Russian meaning: превосходить, побеждать, соревноваться
Turkic: *oŕ-
Tungus-Manchu: *ŋōr-ča-
Japanese: *àràsuap-
Comments: Дыбо 15. Ozawa 170 compares the Jpn. form with Mong. arča- 'to quarrel, fight', but the latter is rather a reflex of *ḗŕa q. v. We should note that the Jpn. form may also belong to a different root, PA *erV 'seek, contest' (a possible Mong.-Turk. isogloss, on which see under *ī́re 'reach').

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