Change viewing parameters
Switch to Russian version
Select another database

Altaic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Altaic: *k`ĭ̀rka
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to scrape, file
Russian meaning: скрести, полировать
Turkic: *Kɨrk-
Mongolian: *kirga-
Tungus-Manchu: *xigdi-
Korean: *kɨrk- / *kắrk-
Japanese: *kàk-
Comments: KW 232, Poppe 20, 115, Martin 240, ОСНЯ 1, 354. Mong. is hardly borrowed from Turk., despite Щербак 1997, 139. The root tends to contaminate with *gi̯óro q. v. The vowel reflex in Korean is somewhat unclear (*kark- or *kǝrk- would be expected), otherwise all evidence points to *k`irga. The relation of Manchu xergen 'line, scratch, notch' is not quite clear: the word is certainly borrowed (because of -rg-), but the source is unknown; equally unclear is the isolated Manchu qarqa- 'scratch with chopsticks, scrape on the fiyoo instrument' (compared with Kor. by Lee 1958, 113); perhaps in both cases we are dealing with loanwords Manchu < Kor.(?)

List with all references
Search within this database
Select another database

Total pages generatedPages generated by this script
StarLing database serverPowered byCGI scripts
Copyright 1998-2003 by S. StarostinCopyright 1998-2003 by G. Bronnikov
Copyright 2005-2014 by Phil Krylov