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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *k`aŕa ( ~ -u, -i)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to scrape, grind, bite
Russian meaning: скрести, молоть, кусать
Turkic: *Kaŕ-
Mongolian: *karu-
Tungus-Manchu: *xar-kü-
Korean: *kār-
Comments: EAS 46, 111, KW 169, Цинциус 1984, 87. Cf. Old Koguryo *kaš 'plough' (thus in Miller 1979, 13; Lee has *kal; the isolated Manchu χalχan 'ploughshare' may be < Kor.).

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