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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *ki̯ū̀ta ( ~ -t`-)
Meaning: insufficiency, debt
Russian meaning: недостаточность, долг
Turkic: *Kɨt
Tungus-Manchu: *kōta
Japanese: *kàta-
Comments: The basic meaning of the root may be formulated as 'having not enough, insufficience' - whence 'debt', 'miser', 'beggar' etc. A Mongolian match is perhaps *kudal 'lie, liar' ( < 'beggar'?).

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