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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *kàra(ma)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: thin stick, rod
Russian meaning: палочка, прут
Turkic: *Karmak
Tungus-Manchu: *kar-
Korean: *kármó
Japanese: *kàrimǝ̀
Comments: The root is not widely represented, but seems reliable; the meaning 'axle' in Kor.-Jpn. has developed < 'thin stick'. {ND 1199 adds WMo qaraŋɣa 'long front teeth of domestic animals; small arrow'.}

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