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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *i̯úb[u]
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to dig, hole
Russian meaning: копать, яма
Turkic: *oba
Tungus-Manchu: *(x)ub-gā
Japanese: *úwa-
Comments: ЭСТЯ 1, 403 (Turk.-Tung.). The vocalism is not quite secure: the diphthong must be reconstructed because of Jpn. *-w-, but in Turkic one would rather expect *ɨba in this case (perhaps *ɨba > *uba > *oba because of later vowel assimilations).

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