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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *gàrá ( ~ -e-)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: arm
Russian meaning: рука, верхняя часть руки
Turkic: *Karɨ
Mongolian: *gar
Japanese: *kàtá
Comments: KW 145, Владимирцов 391, Poppe 24 (Turk.-Mong.; but ТМ *ŋāla 'hand, arm' cannot belong here), Колесникова 1972а, 95-97; АПиПЯЯ 290, Дыбо 310-311, Лексика 247. Borrowing in Mong. < Turk. is quite improbable, despite Щербак 1997, 134 (even Doerfer in TMN 1, 207, 3, 461 describes the Turk.-Mong. match as "Zufall" - which in all his works is actually a synonym for "cognate").

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