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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *gằju
Meaning: sorrow
Russian meaning: печаль
Turkic: *Kadgu
Mongolian: *gaj
Tungus-Manchu: *gaja-
Korean: *kǝi'ǝm
Japanese: *kùjà-
Comments: Мудрак Дисс. 102. Cf. also Kalm. gejǖn, WMong. gejeɣün 'grievous, gloomy' (perhaps < *gaju-gi- with secondary fronting). Note the peculiar *-d- in PT, reflected as -j- (not -r-) in Chuv.: perhaps we should rather reconstruct *Kaj(i)-dgu for early PT, with subsequent development either > *Kajgu or > *Kadgu.

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