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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *ĕ̀ra
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to be
Russian meaning: быть
Turkic: *er-
Mongolian: *ere-
Tungus-Manchu: *eri-
Japanese: *àr-
Comments: Cf. Mong. *a- (MMong. a-) a defective auxiliary verb. This, together with the frequent absence of -r- in Turkic paradigms, may speak in favour of reconstructing monosyllabic *er for PA.

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