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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *č`amo
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to suffer hardships
Russian meaning: претерпевать лишения
Turkic: *čAm
Mongolian: *čima-
Tungus-Manchu: *čamu-li-
Korean: *čắmh-
Japanese: *tamar-
Comments: The Kor. form reflects an earlier *čămh- < *čam(o)-g-, with a velar suffix (cf. the Mong. form). The root is sufficiently attested in Mong. and Kor.; but the Turkic forms may have a borrowed origin, the TM and Jpn. forms are attested worse, so the archaic nature of the root is somewhat dubious.

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