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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *či̯obeŕV ( ~-i̯abu-)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: salt; bitter, acid
Russian meaning: соль; горький, кислый
Turkic: *dūŕ
Mongolian: *dabusu
Tungus-Manchu: *ǯujar-
Korean: *čjǝ̄r-
Japanese: *túrá-
Comments: Владимирцов 258, АПиПЯЯ 13, 19, 49-50, 70, 285, Дыбо 11. Mong. dabu-su regularly < *dabur-su; borrowing in Mong. < Turk. is absolutely improbable, despite Щербак 1997, 160. The Turk.-Mong. parallel is an old etymology (starting with Pelliot 1935, 231) which Doerfer (TMN 2, 510-511) tries in vain to refute. A small problem is the preservation of *-b- (one should rather expect *daɣu(r)-sun in Mong.), which should be probably explained by an old assimilation *či̯obeŕV- > *či̯opeŕV in pre-PM. For Jpn. one has to assume a rather universal semantic change 'bitter' > 'hard, unbearable'. Cf. perhaps also MKor. čùijǝ̀mí 'vinegar dregs'.

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