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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *i̯ū́ńa ( ~ -u, -e)
Meaning: pit, ravine
Russian meaning: яма, овраг
Turkic: *ījn
Mongolian: *(h)oni
Tungus-Manchu: *uńi ( ~ ü-)
Comments: A Western isogloss. It is somewhat difficult to distinguish PA *i̯ū́ńa 'pit, ravine', *i̯ŭ́ne 'notch (on arrow)' and *i̯ańu 'line, furrow' because of natural contaminations, but such a distinction seems necessary.

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