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South Dravidian etymology :

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Tamil : "vaL" | Query method: Match beginning
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Proto-South Dravidian : *val-/*văl-
Meaning : strong, firm
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : val
Tamil meaning : strong, hard, forceful, skilful
Tamil derivates : vallam, vallamai, vallai strength; vallavan_, vallān_ strong man, capable man; vallāḷan_ mighty man, hero; vallu (valli-) to be able; vallunar capable people; vala-kkai, valaŋ-kai right hand; valatu right side, victory; valam, valan_ strength, power, right side, victory, authority; valavai ability, powerful person; valavan_ capable man; vali strength, power; (-v-, -nt-; -pp-, -tt-) to be strong, hard, compel; valitu that which is strong, force, compulsion; valippu firmness, stability; vali-paṭu to become strong; valimai strength, skill, hardness; valiya strong, big; valiyan_ strong, powerful, skilful man; valivu strength; valu id., skill, ability; (-pp-, -tt-) to be strong or hard; valuppu firmness, strength; valumai strength, force, violence; vallapam strength, power, ability; var_pu strength, hardness; van_pu, van_mai strength, firmness; van_mam force; vāl greatness, abundance; vālimai greatness, strength
Malayalam : val, valu, valiya
Malayalam meaning : strong, powerful, great
Malayalam derivates : valiyā forcibly, suddenly; valaŋ-kai right hand; valam the right or strong side; valippam, valima greatness, bigness; valluka to be able, strong; vallabham power, capacity; vanpu greatness, strength; vampikka to grow large, grow arrogant
Kannada : bal
Kannada meaning : to grow strong or firm, etc.
Kannada derivates : bali to increase, grow, grow strong, stout, become tight, firm, hard; increase (tr.), make strong, firm; bal(u), bolu strength, firmness, bigness; greatness, abundance, excess; bala right; bala key/gey right hand; balisu to make strong; bal(u)me, baluhu, balpu strength; balla man who possesses ability, skill, or erudition; knowing
Kodagu : bala
Kodagu meaning : power, strength
Kodagu derivates : balate right (hand); ballyë great
Tulu : bala
Tulu meaning : strength
Tulu derivates : balatụ the right side; balata kai the right hand; balāpini to gain strength, recover health; balikè prowess, strength, hardness; balimè, balumè, balmè strength, might; balu very, large, great, severe, violent
Proto-Nilgiri : *val
Number in DED : 5276
Proto-South Dravidian : *vaḷ-
Meaning : fertile; to grow
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : vaḷ
Tamil meaning : fertility, abundance, greatness, largeness, strength
Tamil derivates : vaṇmai bounty, liberality, quality, nature, beauty, truth, fruitfulness, fertility, abundance, strength, praise, reputation; vaḷam, vaḷan_ fertility, productiveness, luxuriance, abundance, fullness, advantage, profit, wealth, riches, income, goodness, greatness, excellence, fitness, beauty, dignity, station, food, article of merchandise, victory, success; vaḷappam fertility, goodness, greatness, excellence; vaḷamai fertility, productiveness, goodness, wealth, riches, money, property, benefit, kindness, favour, greatness, excellence; vaḷamaiyar agriculturalists, wealthy prosperous persons, great or excellent persons; vaḷar (-v-, -nt-) to grow, lengthen, be elongated, increase, wax as the moon, rejoice, sleep, dwell, rest; (-pp-, -tt-) to cause to increase, cherish, foster, bring up; vaḷarcci growth, increase, stature, height, elongation, lengthening, sleep; vaḷarttu (vaḷartti-) to cause to grow, put to sleep, lengthen, prolong; vaḷarppu bringing up, fostering, foster-child, dependant; vaḷavan_ Cōẓa king; agriculturist; vaḷavu (vaḷavi-) to bring up, rear; vaḷḷal person of unbounded liberality, liberal donor; benevolence, ability; vaḷḷicu whole; beauty, neatness, correctness, exactness; vaḷḷiyan_, vaḷḷiyōn_ generous, liberal person; vaṭku (vaṭki-) to flourish, be luxuriant (as a plant); vaṇṇam thickness; vaṇṇattān_ stout
Malayalam : vaḷar
Malayalam meaning : great, strong
Malayalam derivates : vaḷaruka to grow, increase; become (auxiliary vb.); vaḷara, vaḷarē much, many, very; vaḷarkka to bring up, foster, rear, augment; vaḷarttuka to raise, rear; vaḷarcca growth, tallness, stature; vaḷarppu, vaḷarttal bringing up; vaḷḷal a liberal king, munificent; vaḷam manure; vaṇṇam stoutness, thickness; vaṇṇikka to thicken, become stout
Kannada : baḷe
Kannada meaning : to increase, become large, grow up, prosper
Kannada derivates : baḷayisu, baḷeyisu to cause to increase, cause to abound, cause to grow; baḷavi, baḷavige, baḷevige, baḷuvaḷike increase, growth; baḷuvu heaviness, weight; baḷpaḷa growth; baḷpaḷike id., greatness
Kodagu : baṇṇa
Kodagu meaning : stoutness of body
Tulu : baḷapuni
Tulu meaning : to grow, shoot up, be enlarged
Tulu derivates : baḷapāvuni to make grow, rear, bring up; baḷapu growth, growing
Number in DED : 5304
Proto-South Dravidian : *vaḷ-
Meaning : sharp
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : vaḷ
Tamil meaning : sharpness, pointedness
Number in DED : 5306
Proto-South Dravidian : *valac-ai
Meaning : emigration, flight
Tamil : valacai, valacal
Tamil meaning : emigration, flight from home; crowd
Kannada : valase, valise, olase
Kannada meaning : flight, removal from home for fear of a hostile army, emigration
Notes : Kannada forms certianly borrowed from Telugu; Tamil?
Number in DED : 5278
Proto-South Dravidian : *văl-ai
Meaning : net
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : valai
Tamil meaning : net
Tamil derivates : valaiyan_ fisherman; fem. valaicci; vala (-pp-, -nt-) to encircle, surround, spin as a spider its thread, plait, weave, string in a series, tie, bind
Malayalam : vala
Malayalam meaning : net, web
Malayalam derivates : valkka, vakkuka to catch fish; valayan a caste of hunters; fem. valayacci
Kannada : bale
Kannada meaning : net
Kodagu : bale
Kodagu meaning : net
Tulu : balè
Tulu meaning : net, web, snare
Proto-Nilgiri : *val-ä
Number in DED : 5288
Proto-South Dravidian : *vaḷ-ai-
Meaning : to surround
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : vaḷai (-v-, -nt-)
Tamil meaning : to surround, hover around, walk around, move about (as foetus in the womb)
Tamil derivates : (-pp-, -tt-) to surround (tr.); n. circle, surrounding region, bangle, bracelet; vaḷaical, vaḷaippu enclosure, courtyard; vaḷaivu circle, circumference; vaḷaiyam ring, circle, bracelet, ambit; vaḷaiyal bangle; vaḷāvu (vaḷāvi-) to surround; vaḷākam enclosing, surrounding; vaṇaŋku (vaṇaŋki-) to surround, encompass
Malayalam : vaḷayuka
Malayalam meaning : to surround
Malayalam derivates : vaḷekka to enclose; vaḷaccal enclosing; vaḷayal surrounding; vaḷappu enclosure of a house, compound; vaḷa ring, bracelet; vaḷaiyam bracelet
Kannada : baḷasu
Kannada meaning : to go in a circle or round, walk or wander about, be surrounded, surround; n. act of surrounding or e ncompassing, what surrounds, state of being circuitous, one round or turn (as of a rope, etc.)
Kannada derivates : baḷe ring, armlet, bracelet
Kodagu : baḷe
Kodagu meaning : bangle, ring
Tulu : baḷè
Tulu meaning : bracelet, hoop
Tulu derivates : balepuni to enclose, surround, besiege
Proto-Nilgiri : *vaḷ-ä-
Number in DED : 5313
Proto-South Dravidian : *văḷ-ai-
Meaning : crooked; to bend
Tamil : vaḷai (-v-, -nt-)
Tamil meaning : to become crooked, bend, bend low, yield
Tamil derivates : (-pp-, -tt-) to bend (tr.); vaḷaical crookedness, curve; vaḷaiyal that which is bent; vaḷaippu bending, crookedness; vaḷaivu id., arch
Malayalam : vaḷayuka
Malayalam meaning : to bend, be curved
Malayalam derivates : vaḷekka to bend (tr.), vault; vaḷavu bend, curve, arch; vaḷappu a bend as of a way, arch; vaḷaccal crookedness, arching
Kannada : baḷaŋku, baḷuŋku, baḷ(u)ku
Kannada meaning : to bend (intr.)
Kannada derivates : baḷkisu to cause to bend
Kodagu : bavṇḍ- (bavṇḍi-)
Kodagu meaning : (??) to be bent
Kodagu derivates : bavṭ- (bavṭi-) to bend (tr.)
Tulu : baḷakuni, baḷukuni
Tulu meaning : to bend, curve, stoop
Tulu derivates : oḷā̆vu curve, bend, inclination
Proto-Nilgiri : *vaḷ- (*p-)
Notes : Tulu oḷāvu possibly through contamination with *ol- 'to shake, bend'?
Number in DED : 5314
Proto-South Dravidian : *vălam-
Meaning : right side (of conch)
Tamil : valam-puri
Tamil meaning : that which curls to the right, conch whose spirals turn to the right (valam-puri-ccaŋku), lines on the palm of the hand resembling such a conch and considered auspicious, a head ornament shaped like such a conch; Indian screwtree, Helicteres isora
Malayalam : valam-piri
Malayalam meaning : turning to the right hand, as valam-piri śaŋkhu a rare conch; Helicteres isora
Kannada : balamuri
Kannada meaning : turning or winding to the right, a place at which a river turns to the right
Kannada derivates : balamuri-śaŋkha conch that winds to the right; balammuri to turn or wind to the right, as a river, etc.
Tulu : balamuri
Tulu meaning : turning to the right hand
Tulu derivates : balamuri-śaŋkha a rare conch that winds to the right
Number in DED : 5279
Proto-South Dravidian : *văḷaŋ-
Meaning : large family
Tamil : valaŋkam
Tamil meaning : large family
Kannada : baḷaga
Kannada meaning : mass, multitude, assemblage, troop, the family circle, relatives
Tulu : baḷaga
Tulu meaning : quantity, heap, multitude, body
Miscellaneous : KOR (O) bali clan
Notes : The Tamil form is dialectal (or borrowed from Kannada).
Number in DED : 5308
Proto-South Dravidian : *vaḷ-
Meaning : to babble, prattle
Tamil : vaḷavaḷa (-pp-, -tt-)
Tamil meaning : to be talkative, wordy, babble
Tamil derivates : vaḷavaḷappu talkativeness, wordiness, vain talk, babbling; vāḷā, vāḷāŋku, vāḷātu silently, quietly; vāḷāmai silence, quietness
Malayalam : vaḷavaḷā
Malayalam meaning : the sound of babbling
Tulu : baḷakè
Tulu meaning : boasting
Number in DED : 5310
Proto-South Dravidian : *văḷ-V-
Meaning : sloping (roof)
Tamil : vaḷavi
Tamil meaning : sloping roof, eaves
Kannada : baḷidu
Kannada meaning : state of being sloping (of a roof), of not being steep (as a hill), of inclining from a horizontal direction (as the haft of a hoe)
Number in DED : 5311
Proto-South Dravidian : *văḷ-ai-, *vaḷ-ār-
Meaning : twig; crossbar
Tamil : vaḷā̆r
Tamil meaning : twig, tender branch
Tamil derivates : vaḷai small beam, long piece of wood
Malayalam : vaḷar
Malayalam meaning : large beam, smaller beam put on the main beam of a roof, big stick
Malayalam derivates : vaḷa crossbars that support the rafters of a roof, wooden needle driven into the rafters
Tulu : baḷara
Tulu meaning : a kind of cornice ornamenting the beam on a wall, window or door-sill
Tulu derivates : baḷè, balè reepers or slips of bamboo used to fasten the rafters of a roof
Number in DED : 5309
Proto-South Dravidian : *valt_- (?)
Meaning : paddy
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : valci
Tamil meaning : paddy, husked rice, boiled rice, food
Malayalam : var_r_u
Malayalam meaning : grain of boiled rice from which the water is strained off
Number in DED : 5287
Proto-South Dravidian : *văḷ-i
Meaning : wind
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : vaḷi
Tamil meaning : wind, air, windy humour in the body
Malayalam : vaḷi
Malayalam meaning : breaking wind
Kannada : garuvali
Kannada meaning : wind, air
Kodagu : baḷi buḍ-
Kodagu meaning : to break wind
Notes : Kannada garuvali borrowed from Telugu.
Number in DED : 5312
Proto-South Dravidian : *val-i- (*val-ai-)
Meaning : painful; distressed
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : vali (-pp-, -tt-)
Tamil meaning : to be painful; n. pain, ache, trouble, difficulty
Malayalam : valayuka
Malayalam meaning : to be straitened, pressed, distressed
Malayalam derivates : valekka to distress, vex, imprison; valaccal distress, poverty
Tulu : balepuni
Tulu meaning : to be distressed, vexed
Number in DED : 5281
Proto-South Dravidian : *val-i-
Meaning : to sound
Tamil : vali (-pp-, -tt-)
Tamil meaning : to say, tell, narrate; n. sound
Miscellaneous : KOR (O) vallɨ to bark
Notes : Koraga vallɨ is a strange form, notably because of an initial v- (*b- would be expected), but also because of gemination of -l- in a bisyllabic verbal base.
Number in DED : 5283
Proto-South Dravidian : *val-i-
Meaning : to draw, pull
Tamil : vali (-v-, -nt-; -pp-, tt-)
Tamil meaning : to draw, pull, row; have contortions or convulsions
Tamil derivates : vali, valippu pulling, dragging, spasm, convulsion
Malayalam : vali
Malayalam meaning : drawing, pull, tug, spasm
Malayalam derivates : valikka to draw, drag, row; have spasms; valippikka to cause to pull; valippu drawing, pulling, spasm; valiyuka to be drawn, extended, have spasmodic pain
Kodagu : bali- (balip-, balic-)
Kodagu meaning : to snatch, pull
Kodagu derivates : (Shanmugam) balip act of dragging
Miscellaneous : KOR (M) bali to pull
Number in DED : 5282
Proto-South Dravidian : *vaḷ-
Meaning : thong; rope
Tamil : vaḷ, vaḷpu, vaḷvu
Tamil meaning : thong, lash
Malayalam : vaḷ, vaḷḷu
Malayalam meaning : stalks of palm-leaves to stitch an umbrella with
Kannada : baḷḷi (Hav.), boḷḷi (Gowda)
Kannada meaning : rope
Tulu : baḷḷụ, ballụ
Tulu meaning : rope, cord
Proto-Nilgiri : *vaḷ-
Miscellaneous : KOR (T) baḷḷɨ, (O) ballɨ, (M) baḷḷi rope
Number in DED : 5305
Proto-South Dravidian : *val-ai
Meaning : thicket
Tamil : vallai
Tamil meaning : extensive thicket, big forest
Kannada : balle
Kannada meaning : (Hav., Gowda) thick bush, thick jungle
Tulu : ballè
Tulu meaning : a thicket, bush
Number in DED : 5289
Proto-South Dravidian : *vaḷ-ai
Meaning : a k. of plant
Tamil : vaḷḷai
Tamil meaning : creeping bindweed, Ipomoea aquatica
Kannada : baḷḷe
Kannada meaning : name of a plant
Number in DED : 5319
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