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North Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-North Caucasian: "*ʕämćō" | Query method: Match substring
Proto-North Caucasian: *ʕämćō
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: apple; medlar
Proto-Nakh: *ħamc ( ~ -ā-)
Proto-Avaro-Andian: *ʔimči
Proto-Tsezian: *ʔẽš: A
Proto-Lak: hiwč
Proto-Dargwa: *hinc
Proto-Lezghian: *ħämč
Proto-Khinalug: mɨč
Proto-West Caucasian: *bVc:ʷV
Notes: Cf. also Hurr. χinʒ-urǝ "apple" (borrowed in Arm. as χnʒor), see Diakonoff-Starostin 1986, 24. A very widely spread common NC root. The PWC form has a frequent prefixed *b(V)-. The original meaning could have been not "apple", but "medlar" (cf. the semantic correspondence between PN and PWC), with later semantic change (medlars look very much like small apples). Note that PN *ʡāǯ 'apple' should be quite definitely kept apart (PN *ǯ can not be derived from *ć in any possible way); see *HV̄ǯwĔ.

    Despite Abdokov 1983, 110 the PEC forms can not be related to PWC *mIa 'apple'.


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