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Abkhaz-Adyghe etymology :

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Proto-West-Caucasian: "*l" | Query method: Match substring
Kabardian: "tħ" | Query method: Match substring
Total of 4 records
\data\cauc\abadet
Proto-West-Caucasian: *ŁA- / *ĺA-
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: ear
Abkhaz: a-lǝ́mħa
Abaza: lǝmħa
Adyghe: āḳʷǝm
Kabardian: aḳʷǝma
Ubykh: Laḳʷǝma
Comments: There are two PWC roots, which are probably later differentiated variants of one original root for 'ear':

    a) *ŁA- in compounds meaning 'ear': PAT *lǝ-mǝħa (where -ħa must be the same root as PAT *ħa 'to hear' q.v.; see Ломтатидзе 1955, 824); PAK *á-ḳʷǝma and Ub. Lá-ḳʷǝma (etymology of the second component obscure);

    b) *ĺA- in compounds meaning 'to listen': PAT *-ʒ́ǝ-rǝ-ʕʷǝ- (Abkh. á-ʒrǝʕʷ-ra, Bz. á-ʒ́ʕʷǝr-ra /with metathesis/, Abaz. ʒǝrʕʷ-ra); PAK *da-ʡʷa- (Ad., Kab. daʡʷa-n); Ub. La-q̇ʷǝ́-. Here Shagirov (1, 150) thinks that PAT *ʒ́ corresponds to PAK *d - this is certainly wrong, because in this case (PWC *b́ʷ) we should expect dʷ, and not L in Ubykh. PAT *ʒ́ǝ- in this verb is probably a modification of the reciprocal version prefix *-źǝ- (which is semantically rather plausible). The element corresponding to PAK *d and Ub. L here must be PAT *r (*-rǝʕʷǝ-) which (despite Shagirov ibid.), of course, can not be considered a causative prefix (the verb has no causative semantics at all). For the second part of this PWC compound see *q:́Iʷǝ-. The root *da- ( < *ĺa-) is present in another PAK compound *da-gʷǝ́ 'deaf' (where -gʷǝ is a privative suffix: "earless"), see Шагиров 1, 145. Judging from the external evidence, the variant with the resonant *ĺA is original; reasons for its transformation into a lateral affricate in the word for "ear" are yet to be investigated.

Proto-West-Caucasian: *Ła(m)pa (~*l-)
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: leaf
Adyghe: āp
Kabardian: ampa
Comments: PAK *á(m)pa. Abitov's and Shagirov's (2, 83) explanation ("ear"+"front part") is clearly a folk etymology. The word has quite reliable parallels in EC languages. AK > Osset. (Dig.) ṭafä 'leaf', see Abayev 1979, 350..
Proto-West-Caucasian: *lamǝć̣ʷǝ- ?
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: liver
Adyghe: amṣ́ǝʁw
Kabardian: amṣ́ǝʁw
Comments: PAK *amǝć̣ǝʁʷǝ. Obviously a compound of some kind, but a good explanation is not found yet. (Shagirov 2,83 proposes 'spirit' (*a) + 'accompany', Kab. ṣ́ǝʁʷǝ-n - but the latter corresponds to Ad. č̣́ǝʁʷǝ-n < *č̣ǝʁʷǝ-). Despite Abdokov 1982, 83, the AK form should certainly be kept distinct from WC *c̣ʷA 'liver' q.v.
Proto-West-Caucasian: *la(r)qʷa
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: 1 raven 2 rook 3 pigeon
Abkhaz: á-laħʷa 1
Abaza: laħʷa 2
Adyghe: ārq:ʷa 3
Kabardian: arǝq:ʷa 3
Ubykh: daχʷá 3
Comments: PAT *laħʷa; PAK *ar(ǝ)q:ʷá; Ub. def. á-daχʷa. The correspondence PAT *l- : PAK *- : Ub. d- points to PWC *l-; PAT *-ħʷ- : PAK *-q:ʷ- - to PWC *qʷ. Ub. χʷ instead of expected qʷ may be explained by a special development within the cluster: *larqʷa > *darqʷa > *darχʷa > daχʷa.

    See Климов 1967, 302; Шагиров 1977, 84.

abadet-adg,abadet-kab,abadet-comment,abadet-adg,abadet-kab,abadet-comment,abadet-adg,abadet-kab,abadet-comment,abadet-adg,abadet-kab,abadet-comment,
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