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Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-Dravidian : *kal-
Meaning : to stir; turbid
Proto-South Dravidian: *kal-
Proto-Telugu : *kal-
Proto-Gondi-Kui : *kala- (?)
Proto-North Dravidian : *qal-q-
dravet.dbf-meaning,dravet.dbf-sdr,dravet.dbf-tel,dravet.dbf-gnd,dravet.dbf-ndr,

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South Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-South Dravidian : *kal-
Meaning : to stir, mix up
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kalaŋku (kalaŋki-)
Tamil meaning : to be stirred up, agitated, ruffled (as water), be confused, abashed
Tamil derivates : kalakku (kalakki-) to confuse, nonplus; kalakkam, kalakku being agitated (as surface of water), discomposure, distress, perplexity; kalaŋkal turbidity, muddiness, muddy water, perturbation; kalāvu (kalāvi-) to be perturbed, confused, be displeased, angry; kalāy (-pp-, -tt-) to get angry, quarrel; kalāpam disturbance, uproar, raid; kalām war, battle, rivalry, rage; kali perturbation, discomposure, uneasiness, war, dissension, strife; kaluẓ (-v-, -nt-) to become turbid (as water), be disturbed in mind, weep; n. weeping, muddiness; kaluẓcci, kaluẓvu sorrow, weeping; kaluẓi disturbed water, puddle, flood, tears, confusion; kaliẓ (-v-, -nt-) to weep, be troubled in mind; n. muddy water
Malayalam : kalaŋŋuka
Malayalam meaning : to be mixed, agitated, turbid (as water), embarrassed
Malayalam derivates : kalaŋŋal turbidity; kalakkuka to mix (tr.), confound; kalakkam turbidness, confusion, quarrel; kalakku muddy water; kalacuka to be disturbed; kalaśal, kalāpam confusion, quarrel; kalakku muddy water; kalacuka to be disturbed; kalaśal, kalāpam confusion, quarrel; kalampuka to get confused, quarrel, anoint the body with perfumes; kalampal, kalampu uproar, quarrel
Kannada : kalaku, kalaŋku
Kannada meaning : to agitate, shake, perturb, make turbid, stir up, disturb
Kannada derivates : kalakisu to perturb, stir; kalaku turbidness; kalaḍu to be shaken or perturbed, become turbid, muddy, unclean; kalumbu to perturbate, make turbid; n. turbidness, contamination, defilement; kaluhe turbidness, impurity
Kodagu : kalaŋg- (kalaŋgi-)
Kodagu meaning : to be stirred up
Kodagu derivates : kalak- (kalaki-) to stir up, churn; (Shanmugam) kalak stirring up
Tulu : kalaŋkụ, kaḷaŋkụ
Tulu meaning : turbidness, muddiness
Tulu derivates : kalaŋkuni, kaḷaŋkuni to be turbid; kaḷaŋkāvuni to render turbid; kalambuni to quarrel, fight; galjuni to confuse, disturb
Proto-Nilgiri : *kalǝ-
Number in DED : 1303
sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-tamder,sdret-mal,sdret-malmean,sdret-malder,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-kander,sdret-kod,sdret-kodmean,sdret-kodder,sdret-tul,sdret-tulmean,sdret-tulder,sdret-kt,sdret-dednum,

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Nilgiri etymology :

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Proto-Nilgiri : *kalǝ-
Meaning : to stir up
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : kalg- (kalgy-) "to be mixed, confused in relationship"
Toda : kalx- (kalxy-) "to be stirred up (water so that it becomes muddy)"
Additional forms : Also Kota kalk- (kalky-) to mix (tr.); kalk muddy (of water); gal gūṛ- (gūc-) (storm) is violent and unceasing; Toda kalk- (kalky-) to stir up (water so that it becomes muddy); kas_k muddy (of water)
Notes : The adj. derivative is *kal-ǝk.
Number in DED : 1303
ktet-meaning,ktet-prnum,ktet-kota,ktet-toda,ktet-addition,ktet-notes,ktet-dednum,

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Telugu etymology :

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Proto-Telugu : *kal-
Meaning : to be in agitation, confusion, or trouble, be turbid (as any liquid)
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Telugu : kalãgu
Additional forms : Also kalãcu to stir, agitate, disturb, trouble, make turbid; [1] kalãka, [2] kalãkuva confusion, trouble, turbidness; kalãta agitation, disturbance, dissension, quarrel, strife, turbidness; kalaguṇḍu confusion, disorder, tumult, commotion
Number in DED : 1303
telet-meaning,telet-prnum,telet-tel_1,telet-addition,telet-dednum,

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Gondwan etymology :

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Proto-Gondi-Kui : *kala- (?)
Meaning : to shake, stir
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Proto-Gondi : *kal-
Proto-Kui-Kuwi : *glas- (*glā-)
Notes : Bisyllabic root with irregular g- in PK.
gndet-meaning,gndet-prnum,gndet-gon,gndet-kui,gndet-notes,

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Gondi etymology :

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Proto-Gondi : *kal-
Meaning : to shake (bottle, etc.)
Gondwan etymology: Gondwan etymology
Muria Gondi : kallih-
Number in DED : 1303
Number in CVOTGD : 593
gonet-meaning,gonet-prnum,gonet-gondi_mu,gonet-dednum,gonet-voc_num,

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Kui-Kuwi etymology :

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Proto-Kui-Kuwi : *glas- (*glā-)
Meaning : to mix by stirring, stir, confuse, perplex, confound, cause to be confused; n. act of stirring, confusing
Gondwan etymology: Gondwan etymology
Kui : glahpa (glaht-)
Number in DED : 1303
kuiet-meaning,kuiet-prnum,kuiet-kui,kuiet-dednum,

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North Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-North-Dravidian : *qal-q-
Meaning : to disturb
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Kurukh : xalaxnā (Hahn) "to disturb, make muddy (as water)"
Malto : qalg̣e "to disturb (as water)"
Additional forms : Also KUR (Grignard) xalxnā to be wet and muddy; MLT qalg̣ro disturbed or muddy; cf. also MLT gālye to disturb, stir (as water); gālg̣ro muddy, disturbed.
Number in DED : 1303
ndret-meaning,ndret-prnum,ndret-kur,ndret-mlt,ndret-addition,ndret-dednum,

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Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-Dravidian : *kal-
Meaning : to stir; turbid
Proto-South Dravidian: *kal-
Proto-Telugu : *kal-
Proto-Gondi-Kui : *kala- (?)
Proto-North Dravidian : *qal-q-
dravet-meaning,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,dravet-gnd,dravet-ndr,

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