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Uralic etymology :

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Number: 1820
Proto: *mańćV
> Nostratic: > Nostratic
English meaning: man, person
German meaning: Mann, Mensch
Finnish: (mies (gen. miehen) 'Mann' - rejected by Redei)
Khanty (Ostyak): mańt́ (V), mońt́ (I), maś (O) 'Name der einen ostj. Phratrie; Name der mythischen Vorfahren der Mitglieder dieser Phratrie' ( > Mansi mōś-χum 'mōś-Mann'), måńk`o (Trj.) 'Held, von dessen Taten eine Sage berichtet', måń`ńe 'Heldin, von deren Taten eine Sage berichtet', mań`ĺuŋk (V) 'ein Geist'
Mansi (Vogul): mäńćī (T), mɔ̄̈ńś (KU), māńś (P), mańśi (So.) 'Wogule, ungetauftes Kind', måńś (LM) 'gemeinsamer Volksname der Wogulen und Ostjaken', mansch-kum (Gulya) 'Wogule, Ostjake'
Hungarian: magyar 'Ungar; ungarisch', (altung.) magyari 'ungarisch', Megyer 'Name eines alten ungarischen Stammes'
uralet-proto,uralet-prnum,uralet-meaning,uralet-germmean,uralet-fin,uralet-khn,uralet-man,uralet-ugr,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *mänV
Meaning: man
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *mAnw-
Uralic: *mańćV (*mäńće (SKES 345, Coll. 99))
Dravidian: *maṇ(-s-)
Comments: Cf. *menV , *mVSV
References: ОСНЯ 2, 58-59, МССНЯ 349.
nostret-meaning,nostret-prnum,nostret-ier,nostret-ura,nostret-drav,nostret-notes,nostret-reference,

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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *mAnw-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: man
Tokharian: ? A mäśkit, B mäñcuṣke (PT *mänśu-) 'prince' (Adams 453 with a quite improbable etymology)
Old Indian: mánu-, mánuṣ-, mánuṣa- `man'
Avestan: Manuš-čiɵra-
Slavic: *mǭ̀žь
Germanic: *mann-an- m., *mann-, *mann-an- m.
Russ. meaning: мужчина, чоловiк
References: WP II 264 f
piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-tokh,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-slav,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,

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Vasmer's dictionary :

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Word: муж,
Near etymology: род. п. -а, укр. муж, др.-русск. мужь, ст.-слав. мѫжь ἀνήρ, болг. мъжъ́т (Младенов 313), сербохорв. му̑ж, словен. mо̑ž, род. п. mоžа̑, чеш., слвц. muž, польск. mąż, род. п. męźa, в.-луж., н.-луж. muž.
Further etymology: Несомненно родственно др.-инд. mánuṣ (mánu-, mánuṣ-) м. "человек, муж", авест. manuš-, гот. manna, др.-исл. maðr, мн. menn, сюда же лат.-герм. Мannus -- имя прародителя германцев (Тацит), фриг. Μάνης -- родоначальник фригийцев; см. Мейе. Ét. 209, 354; Траутман, ВSW 169; Шпехт 218; Вайан RЕS 18, 75 и сл.; Торп 309 и сл.; Уленбек, Aind. Wb. 214. Образование слав. *mǫžь сравнивают с лит. žmogùs "человек", наряду с žmó-nės мн. "люди", так же как греч. πρέσβυς, крит. πρεῖγυς (прочие диал. формы см. у Буазака (811)). Вероятно, здесь представлены различные расширения: на -g- и на -u-. Праслав. изменение звуков nu̯ > ng не удается доказать, вопреки Вайану (там же; ВSL 39, 2, стр. XIII). Следует отвергнуть мысль о родстве с греч. ᾽Αμαζών "амазонка", вопреки Якобсону (KZ 54, 280 и сл.). Леви (IF 32, 160) пытается установить связь с лит. ámžis "век", др.-прусск. amsis "народ". Выражение вы́йти за́муж содержит стар. вин. ед. Таким образом, жена следует за мужем в брак (см. Брюкнер, KZ 45, 319; В. Шульце, KZ 45, 325). Мужи́к было первонач. уменьш. от муж. Последнее название объясняется тем, что людей, более низких в правовом отношении, обозначали как несовершеннолетних; см. Ягич, AfslPh 13, 293. Ср. др.-русск. отърокъ, сербохорв. мла̏ђи "слуги". Выражение му́жеский, мужско́й род представляет собой кальку в цслав. грамматике из греч. γένος ἀρσενικόν; см. Томсен, Gesch. 13. <<III, 5>>
Pages: 2,670
vasmer-general,vasmer-origin,vasmer-pages,

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Germanic etymology :

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Proto-Germanic: *mannēn, *mann-z, *mana-n
Meaning: man
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: manna m. (n), mann- (dat. sg. mann, acc. pl. mans) `man, person'; mana-mɔrɵrja `murderer'; mana-sēɵ-s f. (i) `world, mankind'; ga-man n. (a) `pertner'
Old Norse: maδ-r, mann-r m. `Mann, Mensch'
Norwegian: mann
Swedish: man
Danish: mand
Old English: mann (man, monn), -es m. `man; a man who is under the authority of another'
English: man
Old Frisian: mon
Old Saxon: man
Middle Dutch: man m. `mens, man'
Dutch: man m.
Old Franconian: man
Middle Low German: man
Old High German: man (8.Jh.) `Mensch (männlichen Geschlechts in gereiftem Alter), Krieger, Ehemann, Sohn, Diener'
Middle High German: man (-nn-) an. m. 'mensch; mensch männlichen geschlrchtes in geraiftem alter, mann usw.'
German: Mann m.
germet-meaning,germet-prnum,germet-got,germet-onord,germet-norw,germet-swed,germet-dan,germet-oengl,germet-engl,germet-ofris,germet-osax,germet-mdutch,germet-dutch,germet-olfrank,germet-mlg,germet-ohg,germet-mhg,germet-hg,

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Pokorny's dictionary :

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Number: 1221
Root: manu-s oder monu-s
English meaning: man
German meaning: `Mann, Mensch'
Material: Ai. mánu-, mánuṣ- `Mensch, Mann' (auch `Ahnherr der Menschen'), av. im PN Manus-čiɵra-, urgerm. *manu̯az im PN Mannus (Tacitus), Stammvater der Deutschen, got. manna (Gen. mans), aisl. maðr, mannr, ags. afries. ahd. mann `Mann', got. mannisks, aisl. mennskr, ags. ahd. mennisc `menschlich'; ahd. mannisko usw. `Mensch'; aksl. možь, russ. muž `Mann' (*mangi̯a-, Suffix ähnlich wie in lit. žmo-g-ùs `Mensch').
References: WP. II 266, Trautmann 169; vielleicht zu 3. men- `denken'.
Pages: 700
PIE database: PIE database
pokorny-root,pokorny-meaning,pokorny-ger_mean,pokorny-material,pokorny-ref,pokorny-pages,pokorny-piet,

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Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-Dravidian : *maṇ-s-
Meaning : man
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Proto-South Dravidian: *man- ?
Proto-Gondi-Kui : *maṇes-
Proto-North Dravidian : *muṛs-
dravet-meaning,dravet-prnum,dravet-sdr,dravet-gnd,dravet-ndr,

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South Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-South Dravidian : *man-
Meaning : king; chieftain
Tamil : man_
Tamil meaning : king, kṣatriya, warrior, lord, chief, husband
Tamil derivates : man_n_an_ king, lord, chief, husband; man_n_avan_ king, etc., Indra
Malayalam : mannan, mannavan
Malayalam meaning : king
Kannada : manneya
Kannada meaning : chieftain, commander
Number in DED : 4774
sdret-meaning,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-tamder,sdret-mal,sdret-malmean,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-dednum,

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Gondwan etymology :

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Proto-Gondi-Kui : *maṇes-
Meaning : man
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Proto-Gondi : *maṇs-āl
Proto-Kui-Kuwi : *mṇeh-a
Notes : Bisyllabic root.
gndet-meaning,gndet-prnum,gndet-gon,gndet-kui,gndet-notes,

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Gondi etymology :

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Proto-Gondi : *maṇs-āl
Meaning : man
Gondwan etymology: Gondwan etymology
Betul Gondi : mai-mansāl "man and wife, male and female"
Mandla Gondi (Williamson) : māṛsāl
Mandla Gondi (Phailbus) : māṛsāl
Yeotmal Gondi : maṛso (pl. -rk) "husband"
Additional forms : Also Gondi_FH maṛsur husband; Gondi_W, Gondi_Ph māṛsālor mankind
Number in DED : 4756
Number in CVOTGD : 2747
gonet-meaning,gonet-prnum,gonet-gondi_tr,gonet-gondi_w,gonet-gondi_ph,gonet-gondi_y,gonet-addition,gonet-dednum,gonet-voc_num,

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Kui-Kuwi etymology :

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Proto-Kui-Kuwi : *mṇeh-a
Meaning : male, man
Gondwan etymology: Gondwan etymology
Kui : mṛeha "male"
Kuwi (Fitzgerald) : mṛēha "man"
Kuwi (Schulze) : mleha, mneha "man"
Sunkarametta Kuwi : mṛeha "man"
Kuwi (Israel) : mṇēha "man, husband"
Additional forms : Also Kui mṛehenju man, boy, husband; mṛehali woman, girl, wife
Number in DED : 4756
kuiet-meaning,kuiet-prnum,kuiet-kui,kuiet-kuwi_f,kuiet-kuwi_s,kuiet-kuwi_su,kuiet-kuwi_isr,kuiet-addition,kuiet-dednum,

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North Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-North-Dravidian : *muṛs-
Meaning : man
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Malto : muṛse
Additional forms : Also MLT muṛs-maqe male child; muṛsoti, muṛsti of man, belonging to man; muṛso male, with reference to plants
Number in DED : 4756
ndret-meaning,ndret-prnum,ndret-mlt,ndret-addition,ndret-dednum,

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Long-range etymologies :

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Borean (approx.) : MVNV
Meaning : man
Eurasiatic : *mänV
Afroasiatic : *ma/in-
Sino-Caucasian : *mV̄nxV̄́
Austric : PAA *mań / *meń 'person'.
Amerind (misc.) : ? *man 'child' (R 124) [+ A]; *mano 'husband' (R 384)
African (misc.) : Bantu *-méné 'self'.
Reference : ОСНЯ 2, 58-59; Peiros 1989, 127; GE 36 *mano (? + NC, NS, IP, Nahali).
globet-meaning,globet-nostr,globet-afas,globet-scc,globet-austr,globet-amer,globet-afr,globet-reference,

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Afroasiatic etymology :

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Proto-Afro-Asiatic: *ma/in-
Meaning: man
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
Berber: *i-man 'person, man'
Egyptian: mnyw (OK) 'shepherd' (?)
Western Chadic: *man- 'man'
Central Chadic: *mVn- > *mVn-d- 'man' 1, 'person ' 2
East Chadic: *mVn- 'chief of a tribe' 1, 'husband' 2, 'someone' 3
Low East Cushitic: *mun- 'male'
High East Cushitic: *man- 'people'
Omotic: *mVn- 'people' 1, 'warrior' 2
afaset-meaning,afaset-prnum,afaset-brb,afaset-egy,afaset-wch,afaset-cch,afaset-ech,afaset-lec,afaset-hec,afaset-omo,

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Berber etymology :

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Proto-Berber: *i-man
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: person, man
Ghadames: i-man
Nefusa: i-man
Zenaga: min
Rif: i-man
Mzab: i-man
Wargla: i-man
Figig: i-man
Qabyle (Ayt Mangellat): i-man
brbet-prnum,brbet-meaning,brbet-ghd,brbet-nfs,brbet-zng,brbet-rif,brbet-mzb,brbet-wrg,brbet-fgg,brbet-qbl,

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Egyptian etymology :

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Old Egyptian: mnyw (OK)
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'shepherd'
Demotic: mn
Coptic: *mani
Fayumic: mani
Akhmimic: mane
Bohairic: mani
Sahidic: mane
egyet-prnum,egyet-meaning,egyet-dem,egyet-cpt,egyet-fff,egyet-aaa,egyet-bbb,egyet-sss,

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West Chadic etymology :

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Proto-WChadic: *man-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'man'
Polchi: máni [Cs N 2]
Geji: maanì [CLR: 230]
Sayanchi: mu-mwan [Cs N 2]
Dwot: mani
Buli: mán ǝ̀ [CLR]
Tule: maaŋǝ̀ [CLR}
Wangday: mánè [CLR]
Zul: mṓni [Cs N 2]
Barang: manî
Notes: Pl. forms like Kirfi miimi, pl. miini rather do not belong to this root because -n is a pl.-suffix.
wchet-prnum,wchet-meaning,wchet-pol,wchet-gej,wchet-say,wchet-dwo,wchet-bul,wchet-tul,wchet-wnd,wchet-zul,wchet-bar,wchet-notes,

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Central Chadic etymology :

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Proto-CChadic: *mVn- > *mVn-d-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'man' 1 > 'person ' 2
Lamang: ùndù [CLR] , wun-du [Meek](< *mun-du) 2
Hdi: mudu, mun-du 1 [Eg]
Dghwede=Zǝɣwana: ẁdé 2 [CLR]
Nzangi: min-de 2 [Meek]
Logone: ménì 1 [Mo], mḗnì, pl. mā́wḗ 1 [Luk]
Zime-Dari: mānyī́ 2 [CLR]
Notes: Cf. CCh *mud- 'person'.
cchet-prnum,cchet-meaning,cchet-lmn,cchet-hdi,cchet-dgh,cchet-nza,cchet-log,cchet-zim,cchet-notes,

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East Chadic etymology :

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Proto-EChadic: *mVn-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'chief of a tribe' 1, 'husband' 2, 'someone' 3
Kera: kǝ́-mán 3, kú-mná 1 [Eb], cf. kù-mnǝ 'parents',
Ubi: mùn- 2 [Alio]
Notes: Kera ʔi mǝ̀nà [Eb] 'person, be alone' is derived from mǝ̀nà 'one' .
echet-prnum,echet-meaning,echet-ker,echet-ubi,echet-notes,

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Low East Cushitic etymology :

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Proto-Low East Cushitic: *mun-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'male'
Somali: mun
Notes: Secondary *-u-, cf. Omot.
lecet-prnum,lecet-meaning,lecet-som,lecet-notes,

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High East Cushitic etymology :

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Proto-High East Cushitic: *man-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'people'
Sidamo: maana
Hadiya (Gudella): manna
Kambatta: maana
Tembaro: mana
hecet-prnum,hecet-meaning,hecet-sid,hecet-had,hecet-kmb,hecet-tmb,

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Omotic etymology :

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Proto-Omotic: *mVn-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'people' 1, 'warrior' 2
Ometo: minoo 1
Janjero (Yamma, Yemsa): monoo 2
omoet-prnum,omoet-meaning,omoet-ome,omoet-yam,

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Sino-Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-Sino-Caucasian: *mV̄nxV̄́
Meaning: man
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
North Caucasian: *mV̄nxV
Sino-Tibetan: *nV̄m
Yenisseian: *pixe
Comments and references : HGC 27, NSC 59 *mVn-xV.
sccet-meaning,sccet-prnum,sccet-cauc,sccet-stib,sccet-yen,sccet-notes,

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North Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-North Caucasian: *mV̄nxV
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: male, man
Proto-Nakh: *nāχ
Proto-Avaro-Andian: *miʎi-ča-
Notes: A Nakh-Andian isogloss.
caucet-prnum,caucet-meaning,caucet-nakh,caucet-aand,caucet-comment,

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Nakh etymology :

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Proto-Nakh: *nāχ
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: men, people
Chechen: naχ
Ingush: naχ
Batsbi: naχ
Comments: Obl. base *nāχi- (Chech. nēχa-, Bacb. naχi-).
nakhet-prnum,nakhet-meaning,nakhet-che,nakhet-ing,nakhet-bcb,nakhet-comment,

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Avar-Andian etymology :

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Protoform: *miʎi-ča-
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: young man, male; hero
Andian language: milčaḳa
Chamalal: miʎiša-
Tindi: miʎiča
Comments: The word is probably an old compound of *miʎi + *čVjV 'man' (q.v.); it is interesting to note that And. milčaḳa repeats the same model (milča- + heḳa 'man').
aandet-prnum,aandet-meaning,aandet-and,aandet-chm,aandet-tnd,aandet-comment,

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Sino-Tibetan etymology :

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Proto-Sino-Tibetan: *nǝ̄m
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: person
Chinese: *nǝ̄m man, male.
Kachin: num1 a female (?).
Lushai: hnam clan, tribe, race.
Kiranti: *nam ( / *nap)
stibet-prnum,stibet-meaning,stibet-chin,stibet-kach,stibet-lush,stibet-kir,

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Chinese characters :

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Character:
Modern (Beijing) reading: nán
Preclassic Old Chinese: nǝ̄m
Classic Old Chinese: nǝ̄m
Western Han Chinese: nǝ̄m
Eastern Han Chinese: nǝ̄m
Early Postclassic Chinese: nǝ̄m
Middle Postclassic Chinese: nǝ̄m
Late Postclassic Chinese: nǝ̄m
Middle Chinese: nʌm
English meaning : man, male person; a feudal title
Russian meaning[s]: 1) мужчина, муж; мужской пол; я, сын (в обращении к отцу); 2) нань (пятый младший титул знати при маньчжурах); баронет
Comments: For *n cf. Xiamen, Chaozhou lam2, Fuzhou naŋ2.
Sino-Tibetan etymology: Sino-Tibetan etymology
Dialectal data: Dialectal data
Radical: 102
Four-angle index: 4733
Karlgren code: 0649 a-c
Vietnamese reading: nam
bigchina-reading,bigchina-ochn,bigchina-cchn,bigchina-wchn,bigchina-echn,bigchina-epchn,bigchina-mpchn,bigchina-lpchn,bigchina-mchn,bigchina-meaning,bigchina-oshanin,bigchina-comment,bigchina-stibet,bigchina-doc,bigchina-radical,bigchina-oshval,bigchina-karlgren,bigchina-viet,

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Chinese Dialects :

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Number: 437
Chinese etymology: Chinese etymology
Character:
MC description : 咸開一平覃泥
ZIHUI: 3948 1682
Beijing: nan 12
Jinan: nã 12
Xi'an: nã 12
Taiyuan: nä̃ 1
Hankou: nan 12
Chengdu: nan 12
Yangzhou: nɛ̃ 12
Suzhou: nö 12
Wenzhou: nö 12
Changsha: nan 12
Shuangfeng: na 12
Nanchang: lan 31
Meixian: nam 12
Guangzhou: nām 12
Xiamen: lam 12
Chaozhou: lam 12
Fuzhou: naŋ 12
Shanghai: nö 32
Zhongyuan yinyun: nam 12
doc-charref,doc-character,doc-mcinfo,doc-zihui,doc-beijing,doc-jinan,doc-xian,doc-taiyuan,doc-hankou,doc-chengdu,doc-yangzhou,doc-suzhou,doc-wenzhou,doc-changsha,doc-shuangfeng,doc-nanchang,doc-meixian,doc-guangzhou,doc-xiamen,doc-chaozhou,doc-fuzhou,doc-shanghai,doc-zhongyuan,

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Kiranti etymology :

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Proto-Kiranti: *nam ( ~ *näm) ( / *nap)
Sino-Tibetan etymology: Sino-Tibetan etymology
Meaning: man, person
Tulung: namnamcö poor fellow (male or female), namnamsitami (Toba najme) wife
Limbu: nāp-mī man
Kulung: namme 'daughter-in-law' (?), namnamu 'poor, pitiable'
Yamphu: nam-ba 'father-in-law', nam-ma 'mother-in-law'
kiret-prnum,kiret-meaning,kiret-tul,kiret-lim,kiret-kul,kiret-yam,

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Limbu dictionary :

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Entry: na:pmi
Kiranti etymology: Kiranti etymology
Grammar: n.
Meaning: man.
limet-prnum,limet-pspeech,limet-meaning,

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Kulung dictionary :

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Entry: namme
Kiranti etymology: Kiranti etymology
Grammar: n.
Meaning: 1. daughter-in-law 2. wife of an elder or younger sibling's son
Nepali: buhārī.
kulet-prnum,kulet-pspeech,kulet-meaning,kulet-nepali,

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Yamphu dictionary :

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Entry: namba
Kiranti etymology: Kiranti etymology
Grammar: n.
Meaning: father-in-law.
Nepali: sasurā
yamet-prnum,yamet-pspeech,yamet-meaning,yamet-nepali,

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Yenisseian etymology :

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Proto-Yenisseian: *pixe
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: man
Ket: hīɣ (South.), North. hīɣǝ1, pl. hɔʔń2 / hīɣeń1
Yug: fīk, pl. figɨn1
Kottish: fī, g. fīa, pl. fan; Ass. (Бол.) pijal
Arin: pa-nalikip (Лоск.)
Comments: ССЕ 249. Arin has a compound; -kip = -kib in be-kib 'grandfather'; in -nali- -n- is a conjunctive morpheme, and for -ali- cf. -elä in kem-elä 'woman' and -al in Ass. pij-al 'man'. Werner 1, 320 <*phigǝ>.
yenet-prnum,yenet-meaning,yenet-ket,yenet-sym,yenet-kot,yenet-ari,yenet-notes,

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