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Uralic etymology :

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Number: 141
Proto: *ewkkV
> Nostratic: > Nostratic
English meaning: old woman, grandmother
German meaning: alte Frau; Grossmutter
Finnish: eukko (altfinn. euhko) 'alte Frau, Greisin, Frau; Mutter, Großmutter'
Udmurt (Votyak): jükǟ. (TJ), ēkoǝ (KU), jēk (P), ēkoa (So.) 'Frau'
Hungarian: ik, ike, ük (altung.) 'Großmutter', ükanya 'Urgroßmutter', ükapa 'Urgroßvater'
uralet-proto,uralet-prnum,uralet-meaning,uralet-germmean,uralet-fin,uralet-udm,uralet-ugr,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *ʔVwḳV
Meaning: wife, female
Indo-European: *uk-sor
Altaic: *o[k`]e
Uralic: *ewkkV (cf. also *äkV )
Eskimo-Aleut: *ukur-
nostret-meaning,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,nostret-esk,

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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *ōuk's-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: wife
Other Iranian: Osset vosä, osä, ūs 'Weib'
Armenian: am-usin `wife'
Baltic: *ō̂č-ia-, *ō̂č-w-ia- (2) m., -iā̃ f. (2)
Latin: uxor, -ōris f. 'жена, супруга'
Russ. meaning: жена
References: Ernout-M. 1143, Buck 96, Fraenkel 1168 (differently in Pok.)
piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-iran,piet-arm,piet-balt,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,

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Baltic etymology :

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Proto-Baltic: *ō̂č-ia-, *ō̂č-w-ia- (2) m., -iā̃ f. (2)
Meaning: step-father, -mother
Indo-European etymology: Indo-European etymology
Lithuanian: úošvi-s 'Schwiegervater', úošvē 'Schwiegermutter'
Lettish: uôsis2 'Schwiegervater; Schwiegrvater des Sohnes resp. der Tochter; Vater der Schwiegertochter', pl. uôši2, pl uôses2 "nennen einander die Eltern des Ehemannes und der Ehefrau", uôsvis 'Schwiegervater'
baltet-meaning,baltet-prnum,baltet-lith,baltet-lett,

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Pokorny's dictionary :

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Number: 1504
Root: pē̆s-1
English meaning: to blow
German meaning: `blasen, wehen'
General comments: (s. auch pēs-2 `Staub, Sand')
Material: Aisl. fǫnn f. `Schneewehe, Schneehaufe' (*faznō), -fenni n. ds.; als `im Winde wehender Faden': ahd. faso m., fasa f. `Faser, Franse, Saum', ags. fæs(n) n. `Franse', engl. feaze `Fasern'; aisl. fǫsull m. `Band', mnd. vese(n) `Spreu, Faser, Franse', ndl. vezel `Faden', ahd. fesa `Spreu, Spelze', nhd. Fehse, dän. fjæser, älter f(j)øs `Fasern', ahd. fasōn `untersuchen' (*zerfasern);

    aksl. рěchyrь `bulla, Blase', pachati `ventilare, agitare', russ. pachnútь `wehen', páchnutь `duften, riechen', zápachъ `Geruch, Duft' usw.; russ. pásmo `Garnstränne', lett. puõsm(i)s `Abteilung zwischen zwei Endpunkten', `soviel man mit zwei Fingern aus der Kunkel Flachs zieht'; čech.-poln. pochva `Schwanz' (`wedelnd'), aksl. о-раšь ds.; nasaliert poln. pęchnąć `anblasen, anwehen', pąch, pęch `Witterung (des Hundes') usw.; vielleicht bulg. pasmina `Rasse' (vgl. ai. tántu- `Faden, Faser, Geschlechtsfaden, Reihe der Nachkommen, Nachkommenschaft').

References: WP. II 67, Trautmann 229, Vasmer 2, 320.
Pages: 823-824
PIE database: PIE database
pokorny-root,pokorny-meaning,pokorny-ger_mean,pokorny-comments,pokorny-material,pokorny-ref,pokorny-pages,pokorny-piet,

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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *ò[k`]è
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: wife, female
Russian meaning: женщина, самка
Turkic: *ög (*ök)
Mongolian: *oki-n / *öki-n
Tungus-Manchu: *uKu-
Japanese: *ǝ̀ku
Comments: Цинциус 1972a, 31-32, Дыбо 7. Voiced -g in OT is not quite clear; otherwise correspondences are regular.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *ög (*ök)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 mother 2 sister
Russian meaning: 1 мать 2 сестра
Old Turkic: ög (Orkh., OUygh.) 1
Turkish: öke, öge (dial.) 2
Middle Turkic: öke (R.) 2
Uighur: uka, hükä 2
Comments: EDT 99, ЭСТЯ 1, 519-520, Лексика 300.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-trk,turcet-chg,turcet-uig,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *oki-n / *öki-n
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: girl, daughter
Russian meaning: девушка, дочь
Written Mongolian: okin, ökin (L 633)
Middle Mongolian: okin (HY 29), oki(n) (SH), ugen (IM), ūkin/ukin (LH)
Khalkha: oxin
Buriat: üxin
Kalmuck: okṇ (КРС)
Ordos: oχin
Dongxian: očin (Тод. Дн.)
Baoan: oken (Тод. Бн.)
Dagur: ugin, ujin (Тод. Даг. 170), ujn (MD 231)
Monguor: fuʒ́un, śʒ́un (SM 103)
Mogol: ukin (Weiers)
Comments: TMN 1, 167.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *uKu-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 female 2 daughter-in-law
Russian meaning: 1 самка 2 невестка
Evenki: uku-čēn 1
Even: uki 1
Negidal: uxi 1
Literary Manchu: uki 1, uxen 2
Ulcha: we-če(n) 1
Orok: uwe-če(n) 1
Nanai: we-če 1
Oroch: wēčke 1
Udighe: guasa` 1 (Корм. 223)
Comments: ТМС 2, 256, 257.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-neg,tunget-man,tunget-ulc,tunget-ork,tunget-nan,tunget-orc,tunget-ude,tunget-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *ǝ̀ku
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: wife, spouse
Russian meaning: жена, супруга
Middle Japanese: oku
Tokyo: óku-sama, óku-san
Kyoto: ókù-sàmà
Kagoshima: oku-samá
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,

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Eskimo etymology :

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Proto-Eskimo: *ukur-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: daughter-in-law, sister-in-law (brother's wife), bride
Russian meaning: невестка, невеста
Proto-Yupik: *uk(u)raʁ, *ukurʁa-
Proto-Inupik: *ukuaʁ, *ukurriutǝ-
Comparative Eskimo Dictionary: 364
esqet-prnum,esqet-meaning,esqet-rmean,esqet-yup,esqet-inup,esqet-refer,

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Yupik etymology :

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Proto-Yupik: *uk(u)raʁ, *ukurʁa-
Eskimo etymology: Eskimo etymology
Meaning: daughter-in-law, sister-in-law (brother's wife) 1, bride 2
Russian Meaning: невестка (золовка или жена брата) 1, невеста 2
Sirenik: ukǝsqǝχ 2, uɣǝ́cǝx (< "ukcǝx) 'bridegroom'
Chaplino: ukāq (ʁǝt) 1, ukúχaq (t) 2
Naukan: ukóq 1, ukúχaq 2
Alutiiq Alaskan Yupik: ukuχaq 1
Central Alaskan Yupik: ukuχaq 1
Nunivak (Peripheral): ukuaq 1
Norton Sound (Peripheral): ukuaq 1
Comparative Eskimo Dictionary: 364
yupet-prnum,yupet-mean,yupet-rmean,yupet-sir,yupet-chap,yupet-nauk,yupet-aay,yupet-cay,yupet-nun,yupet-nrts,yupet-ced,

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Inupik etymology :

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Proto-Inupik: *ukuaʁ, *ukurriutǝ-
Eskimo etymology: Eskimo etymology
Meaning: daughter-in-law, sister-in-law (brother's wife)
Russian meaning: невестка (золовка или жена брата)
Seward Peninsula Inupik: uɣuaq
SPI Dialects: Imaq uɣóq id. else 'bride'
North Alaskan Inupik: ukuaq
Western Canadian Inupik: ukuaq 'sister-in-law (brother's wife) of a woman (term used by members of husband's family for his wife)
Eastern Canadian Inupik: ukuaq else 'son's wife, nephew's wife, girl's first cousin's wife'
Greenlandic Inupik: ukuaq, ukuššiut(i)- 'to marry into family'
GRI Dialects: ~ NK ukūq 'mother', EG ukūq 'mother' [Holm]
Comparative Eskimo Dictionary: 364
inupet-prnum,inupet-meaning,inupet-rmean,inupet-spi,inupet-spis,inupet-nai,inupet-wci,inupet-eci,inupet-gri,inupet-gris,inupet-ced,

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