Change viewing parameters
Select another database

Semitic etymology :

Search within this database
Number: 1921
Proto-Semitic: *ʔVm(m)-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'group of relatives; familly; clan; people'
Akkadian: ummānu 'Menschenmenge, Heer, Arbeitstruppe' OB [AHw 1413], ummatu 'Haubtmasse; Stamm-, Heimateinheit; Hauptmacht; Raubtierrudel' O-N Bab [ibid. 1414]
Ugaritic: umt 'familia, clan' [DLU 37]
Hebrew: ʔummā, ʔēm ? 'tribe, small group of people'(non-Israelite, Malamat) [Koehler new 62]
Biblical Aramaic: ʔummā 'nation' [KB 1051]
Judaic Aramaic: ʔīmmā 'distaff' [Ja 50]
Syrian Aramaic: ʔem(m)-, pl. ʔemhāt-, ʔemh- 'origo (origin; kin; patriarch) [Brock 23], ʔūmūn-, ʔūmūt- 'populus, natio' ibid. 24
Arabic: ʔumm-at- 'assemblée, foule, multitude; famille; people, nation' [BK 1 52], ʔmm 'se diriger, tendre vers un lieu; marcher en tête; prescrire, ordonner en sa qualité de chef' [ibid.]
Epigraphic South Arabian: SAB ʔmm 'to obey, be led' [SD 6], ʔm-t 'bondwoman, female vassal' [ibid. 5]
Tigre: ʔammät 'people, tribe' [LH 355] (hardly an arabism because of different vocalism)
Mehri: ʔámma 'many people' [JM 5] (rather <ARB ʕamm- or ʔummat-)
semet-proto,semet-prnum,semet-meaning,semet-akk,semet-uga,semet-hbr,semet-bib,semet-jud,semet-syr,semet-ara,semet-sar,semet-tgr,semet-mhr,

Search within this database


Afroasiatic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Afro-Asiatic: *ʔVm(m)-
Meaning: group of related people
Semitic: *ʔVm(m)-
Western Chadic: *ʔVm- 'friend'
East Chadic: *ʔVm- 'son-in-law, father-in-law'
High East Cushitic: *ʔam- 'companions, (relatives ?)'
South Cushitic: *ʔim- 'people'
Dahalo (Sanye): ʔame 'uncle' (?)
Notes: <*ʔam- 'mother' (No. 45)? Cf. Isosemantic row 'mother - people': Beja enda, énde 'mother' [СИФКЯ 137] - enda 'people' [ibid. 148].
afaset-meaning,afaset-sem,afaset-wch,afaset-ech,afaset-hec,afaset-scu,afaset-dhl,afaset-notes,

Search within this database


West Chadic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-WChadic: *ʔVm-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'friend'
Kulere: ʔamà- [JgR]
Notes: Cf. sura-ang gr. *(n)yem '(group of ) people' [TAS:414]> Angas nyam 'clan name', Mupun nyēm fwō 'peer group', Sura yɛ̀m mɔ́ 'people', Goemay yiem 'name of a small tribe', Gerka nì-yìwòm 'Mensch' ['vowels obscure; back formation from the collective pl.' GT]. However, Mupun is definately related to (if not derived from) nyè mó 'mates, fellows' (mo is a pl. marker) [FrM]. Sura yénan 'old people' (nan 'big, great') [JgS] also points to original *yV. Given that Gerka and Yiwom is one and the same language, nì-yìwòm 'Mensh' is simly the tribe-name preceded by the 3rd sg. demonstr. (ni). Thus, nyam, yiem, yiwom are names of different tribes only, but not the sura-angas word for 'people'.
wchet-prnum,wchet-meaning,wchet-klr,wchet-notes,

Search within this database


East Chadic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-EChadic: *ʔVm-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'son-in-law, father-in-law'
Mokilko: ʔéèmé , pl. ʔâmḅí [JgMkk]
echet-prnum,echet-meaning,echet-mkk,

Search within this database


High East Cushitic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-High East Cushitic: *ʔam-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'companions, (relatives ?)'
Sidamo: il-ama 'relative' (il- 'to give birth') [Huds HECD 122]
Hadiya (Gudella): aam 'компаньоны, партнеры, союзники' [Huds 22]
Kambatta: il-amu 'relative' (il- 'to give birth') [Huds HECD 122]
hecet-prnum,hecet-meaning,hecet-sid,hecet-had,hecet-kmb,

Search within this database


South Cushitic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-South Cushitic: *ʔimu-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'people' 1, 'crowd' 2
Iraqw (Mbulu): imi, mu 1
Alagwa (Wasi): imi 2
Burunge (Mbulungi): im-et 1
Qwadza (Ngomvia): meʔiko 1
Ma'a (Mbugu): Cf. mmú 'person', vamú 1
Notes: Ehr HRSC 160; 294-5
scuet-prnum,scuet-meaning,scuet-irq,scuet-alg,scuet-bur,scuet-kwz,scuet-maa,scuet-notes,

Search within this database


Dahalo etymology :

Search within this database
Dahalo: ʔame e ||
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'uncle'
dhlet-prnum,dhlet-meaning,

Search within this database

Select another database
Change viewing parameters
Total pages generatedPages generated by this script
7401276680
Help
StarLing database serverPowered byCGI scripts
Copyright 1998-2003 by S. StarostinCopyright 1998-2003 by G. Bronnikov
Copyright 2005-2014 by Phil Krylov