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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *cUKV ( ~ č`-)
Meaning: bundle
Altaic: *č`ùgù
Uralic: *ćukkV-rV
nostret-meaning,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,

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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *č`ùgù
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: bundle
Russian meaning: связка
Turkic: *čug
Mongolian: *čug-
Korean: *čok
Japanese: *tùkà
Comments: Korean *čok should be explained as a contraction < *č`ugu-k`V, with a frequent suffixed -k.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *čug
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 bundle 2 to bind, pack, wrap
Russian meaning: 1 связка 2 связывать, упаковывать, обматывать
Old Turkic: čuɣ 1 (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: čuɣ 1, čuɣ-la- 2 (MK)
Turkish: (dial.) čuɣ 1
Tatar: čolɣa- 2
Middle Turkic: čuɣ 'yoke' (Pav. C.), čulɣa- 2 (Sangl.)
Uzbek: čulɣa- 2
Azerbaidzhan: čulɣa- 2
Khakassian: sulɣa- 2
Shor: šu 1 (R), šulɣa- 2
Oyrat: (dial.) čū 1, čū-la- 2 (R)
Yakut: 'wrapper', sū-lā- 2
Dolgan: hū-lā- 2
Tuva: šuɣla- 'to cover (with a blanket)'
Kirghiz: čū 1, (South.) čuq 'swaddle' (*čuguk), čulɣa- 2
Kazakh: šuw-maq 1, šulɣaw 'портянки'
Noghai: šuw-maq 1
Bashkir: sɨw 'placenta', solɣa- 2
Balkar: čulɣa- 2
Karaim: čulɣa- 2
Karakalpak: šuw-maq-la- 2, šulɣa-n- 'обертываться портянками'
Comments: VEWT 119, EDT 405, 407, Stachowski 114.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-azb,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *čug-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 together 2 to bind together
Russian meaning: 1 вместе 2 связывать
Written Mongolian: čuɣ 1, čuɣla- 2 (L 205), čuɣčala- 'accumuler'
Khalkha: cug, cugla-
Buriat: sug
Kalmuck: cuG, cuɣlǝ-
Ordos: čugla- 's'assembler'
Shary-Yoghur: čoG
Monguor: ćoG (SM 453), ćuʒ́olo- 'entasser, amonceler, se rassembler' (SM 460)
Comments: KW 433, MGCD 580. Mong. > Oyr. čuq etc. (VEWT 119).
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-reference,

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Korean etymology :

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Proto-Korean: *čok
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: women's hairdo
Russian meaning: женская прическа, узел
Modern Korean: č:ok
Middle Korean: čok
Comments: Nam 430, KED 1477.
koret-prnum,koret-meaning,koret-rusmean,koret-phn,koret-ako,koret-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *tùkà
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: bundle
Russian meaning: связка
Old Japanese: tuka; tuka-na- 'to bundle'
Middle Japanese: tùkà, tùkà-nè
Comments: JLTT 554.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-comments,

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Uralic etymology :

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Number: 77
Proto: *ćukkV-rV
> Nostratic: > Nostratic
English meaning: heap, herd
German meaning: Haufen, Schar
Komi (Zyrian): ćuke̮r (S P) 'Haufen, Herde, Schar (Tiere); Menge (Leute), ćuke̮rt- (S), ćuke̮.rt- (P) 'in einen Haufen sammeln' ?
Hungarian: csokor (acc. csokrot, csokort) 'Büschel, Strauß; (altung.) Schar, Haufen', (dial.) csukorít- 'in einen Haufen treiben' ?
K. Reshetnikov's notes: It is probable that Lap. *c'orэk 'small reindeer herd' (Lehtiranta 26) should also be regarded as belonging to this etymon (with a metathesis *c'okэr > *c'orэk, which makes the comparison somewhat questionable; on the other hand, at present we are unable to suggest any alternative etymology for this Lap. word).
References: Budenz MUSz. 377; Bár.SzófSz; MSzFgrE; TESz
uralet-proto,uralet-prnum,uralet-meaning,uralet-germmean,uralet-kom,uralet-ugr,uralet-reshet,uralet-lit,

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