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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *aŋTV
Meaning: a k. of plant
Indo-European: *andh-
Altaic: *aŋt`à
Uralic: *antV (*ontV) (if not < IIr. *andha(h))
Dravidian: *andug-
nostret-meaning,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,nostret-drav,

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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *andh-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: sprout, flower
Old Indian: ándhas- n. `herb'
Old Greek: ánthos n. `Blume'
Celtic: ??? MIr ainder `junges Weib'; Cymr anner `Färse' OCymr enderic `vitulus', Bret ounner `Färse'
Russ. meaning: побег, цветок
References: WP I 67 f
piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-greek,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,

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Pokorny's dictionary :

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Number: 80
Root: andh-, anedh-
English meaning: to grow, bloom, blossom
German meaning: `hervorstechen, sprießen, blühen'
Derivatives: andhos n. `Blume, Kraut'
Material: Ai. ándhaḥ n. `Somapflanze'; arm. and `Feld'; gr. ἄνθος n. `Blume', ἀνθέω `blühe', ἄνθηρός (*-es-ro-) `blühend' usw.; alb. ënde (*andhōn) `Blüte', ë̄ndem `blühe' (das vom Präs. *ë̄ aus *andhō); toch. A ānt, В ānte `Fläche'.

    Mir. ainder, aindir `junge Frau', cymr. anner `junge Kuh', Pl. anneirod, acymr. enderic `vitulus', cymr. enderig `Stier, Ochse', bret. ounner (Trég. annouar, Vannes an̄noér) `junge Kuh'; hierzu frz. (l)andier m. `Feuerbock, Widder', auch `Mohn' (= `junges Mädchen', vgl. ital. madona, fantina `Mohn'), weiter zu bask. andere `Frau', iber. FN Andere, Anderca, MN Anderus; vielleicht kelt. Herkunft? (*andero- `blühend, jung'?).

    Nach Schwyzer Gr. Gr. I 339 hierher gr. ἀν-ήνοθε `kam hervor, sprudelte hervor', ἐπεν-ήνοθε `befand sich darauf', κατεν-ήνοθε `bedeckte', usw.

    Trotz der etwas abweichenden Bedeutung wohl auch hierher mit Tiefstufe *n̥dh-:

    ai. ádhvan m. = av. advan m. `Weg, Bahn', wozu ai. adhvará-ḥ `religiöse Handlung' (ursprüngl. `Gang' - `feierlicher Gang') aus *n̥dhu̯ero-, und wohl auch mit Suffixablaut (*n̥dhuro-) isl. ǫndurr m. `eine Art Schneeschuh'.

References: WP. I 45, 67, P. Benoit ZrPh. 44, 3 ff., 69 ff.
See also: Hierher gehört wohl: andher-, n̥dher-.
Pages: 40-41
PIE database: PIE database
pokorny-root,pokorny-meaning,pokorny-ger_mean,pokorny-derivative,pokorny-material,pokorny-ref,pokorny-seealso,pokorny-pages,pokorny-piet,

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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *aŋt`à
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: a k. of fragrant plant
Russian meaning: вид пахучего растения
Turkic: *Aŋduŕ
Mongolian: *(h)aǯVrgana
Tungus-Manchu: *(x)an(d)ikta
Japanese: *àntùsà
Comments: Name of a fragrant grass, probably geranium-like. One should also note Mong. inaɣda (Khalkha janagd) 'willow-herb' - looking suspiciously close to some TM forms (a loan from TM?).
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *Aŋduŕ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 a medicinal shrub, elecampane 2 cypress, juniper 3 shrub, bush
Russian meaning: 1 род лекарственного растения, девясил 2 кипарис, можжевельник 3 кустарник
Karakhanid: aŋduz 1 (MK)
Turkish: andɨz 3
Tatar: andɨz 2
Middle Turkic: anduz 1 (Sngl)
Turkmen: andɨz 'переступень двудомный'; aŋŋɨza 'a k. of mountain plant'
Kirghiz: qar-andɨz, qarɨndiz, antɨz (South dial.) 2
Kazakh: andɨz, andžɨ 'аир'
Noghai: andɨz 2
Bashkir: andɨδ 2
Balkar: andɨz 2
Gagauz: andɨz 3
Comments: VEWT 21, EDT 178, ЭСТЯ 1, 150-151.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-trm,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *(h)aǯVrgana
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: geranium
Russian meaning: герань
Written Mongolian: aǯarɣana (L 61)
Khalkha: aʒargan
Buriat: azargana
Kalmuck: aǯǝrhn (КРС)
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *(x)an(d)ikta
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: mint; name of a geranium-like plant
Russian meaning: мята; назв. растения (из семейства гераниевых)
Evenki: anī, anikta
Negidal: anị̄kta 'willow-herb'
Oroch: anikta
Comments: ТМС 1, 43.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-neg,tunget-orc,tunget-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *àntùsà
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: Catalpa ovata
Russian meaning: катальпа
Old Japanese: adusa
Middle Japanese: àdùsà
Tokyo: azusa
Comments: JLTT 389.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-comments,

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Uralic etymology :

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Number: 1205
Proto: *antV (*ontV)
> Nostratic: > Nostratic
English meaning: young grass, shoot
German meaning: junges Gras, Schössling, Rasen
Mari (Cheremis): oδar (МРС) 'побег, ветвь'
Udmurt (Votyak): urt- (S K), ud-ńań (S), urt-ńań (K) 'Wintersaat, Winterkorn', ud-murt (S), urt-mort (K) 'Wotjak'
Komi (Zyrian): od 'всходы, росток'
K. Redei's notes: Proto-Udm. *od > Mari oδǝ 'Udmurt'. FP < IIR *andhas 'Kraut, Somagetrank'. Udm. urt- is contaminated with murt 'man'.
uralet-proto,uralet-prnum,uralet-meaning,uralet-germmean,uralet-mar,uralet-udm,uralet-kom,uralet-redei,

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Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-Dravidian : *ándug-
Meaning : clearing nut plant
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Proto-South Dravidian: *andug-
Proto-Telugu : *andug-
Proto-Kolami-Gadba : *ā̆ndug
Notes : A rather local root. The Kolami word could be thought of as a borrowing from Telugu, but that does not explain the irregular vowel length in M. B. Emeneau's recordings (although the entry does bear the tag of 'recording uncertain'). The second syllable (*-ug-) is detachable as a 'weak' suffix, but no individual *and- 'sāl tree' is attested. // Present in 3/6 branches.
dravet-meaning,dravet-prnum,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,dravet-koga,dravet-notes,

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South Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-South Dravidian : *andug-
Meaning : clearing nut
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Kannada : andugu
Kannada meaning : clearing nut plant, Strychnos potatorum
Number in DED : 0151
sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-dednum,

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Telugu etymology :

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Proto-Telugu : *andug-
Meaning : clearing nut plant, Strychnos potatorum
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Telugu : andugu
Dialectal forms (1) : indugu
Number in DED : 151
telet-meaning,telet-prnum,telet-tel_1,telet-tel_2,telet-dednum,

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Kolami-Gadba etymology :

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Proto-Kolami-Gadba : *ā̆ndug
Meaning : sāl tree
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Kolami : ānduk (pl. āndugul) "sāl tree (the recording uncertain)"
Kinwat Kolami : andg
Number in DED : 151
kogaet-meaning,kogaet-prnum,kogaet-kolami,kogaet-kol_kin,kogaet-dednum,

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