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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *šVwV
Meaning: to let, agree
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *sĕwʌ-
Altaic: *sḗbe
Uralic: Finn. hevi 'easily, with pleasure'; or FP *ŝ/ś/sōyV 'wish, strive'
Kartvelian: *šw-
References: МССНЯ 358, Долгопольский 1971, 240-241; ND 2180 *šuwħV 'to loosen' (?; IE + Kartv. + quite dubious Sem. and Alt.); 2236 *ŝ[o]hyV 'to wish' (FP + SH).
nostret-meaning,nostret-prnum,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,nostret-kart,nostret-reference,

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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *sewa-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to let
Old Greek: eáō, ipf. ẹ̄́ōn, aor. ḗāsa, eā̂sai̯, ps. ẹ̄áthēn, pf. ẹ̄́āka, ẹ̄́amai̯ `lassen, zulassen, gestatten, in Ruhe lassen, unterlassen', aor. md. ipv. 2 sg. *héwa-: ébason = éason (Syrac.) Hsch., ipv. 2 sg. eûa = éa Hsch.
Germanic: *sū-m-ia- vb.
Russ. meaning: пускать, пропускать
References: WP II 472
piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,

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Germanic etymology :

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Proto-Germanic: *sūmian-
Meaning: linger, miss
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Frisian: ūr-sūmia `verzuimen, ongebruik laten voorbijgan'
Middle Dutch: versūmen
Dutch: verzuimen
Middle Low German: {vorsūmen}; sǖmen
Old High German: firsūmen (9.Jh.)
Middle High German: sūmen wk. 'aufhalten, hinhalten, verzögern, versäumen, warten lassen, jmdn. auf-, abhalten, hindern', refl. 'sich aufhalten, verspäten', versūmen 'ungetan, unbeachtet lassen, ab-, auf-, zurückhalten, irren, vernachlässigen, im Stich lassen, sich verspäten'; sūmesal, -seli, -sele 'saumseligkeit'
German: säumen, versäumen, saumselig, Saumsal (bin ins 17.Jh.)
germet-meaning,germet-prnum,germet-ofris,germet-mdutch,germet-dutch,germet-mlg,germet-ohg,germet-mhg,germet-hg,

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Pokorny's dictionary :

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Number: 1707
Root: seu̯ǝ-, sū-
English meaning: to let, leave (?)
German meaning: `(loslassen?) nachlassen, lassen'?
Material: Gr. ἐάω `lasse' (*ἐάω), ἔβασον ἕασον. Συρακούσιοι, εὖα = ἔα Hes., Fut. ἐά̄σω, Aor. ἔιᾱσα (zu *ἐι̃α); tiefstufig ahd. vir-sūmen, nhd. säumen, ver-säumen (wäre Denominativ eines *sū-mó-s `nachlassend, säumend').
References: WP. II 472, Schwyzer Gr. Gr. 1, 682, 752.
Pages: 915
PIE database: PIE database
pokorny-root,pokorny-meaning,pokorny-ger_mean,pokorny-material,pokorny-ref,pokorny-pages,pokorny-piet,

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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *sebe
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to love, have fun
Russian meaning: любить, веселиться
Turkic: *seb-
Mongolian: *sebki-
Tungus-Manchu: *sebǯe-
Korean: *sipɨ-
Japanese: *sua(m)pa-p-
Comments: EAS 71, Doerfer MT 240, Дыбо 14. Despite Doerfer's (TMN 3, 316) doubts, the root is common Altaic. The Jpn. vowel is quite irregular: perhaps in Jpn. and Kor. we should presuppose a suffixed form *sebV-p- ( > Kor. sipɨ-, PJ *sua-p-, with further suffixation *sua-p-ap-). Cf. also WMong. (L 653) sabla-ldu- 'to show favour, be gracious'.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *seb-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to love, like
Russian meaning: любить
Old Turkic: sev- (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: sev- (MK)
Turkish: sev-
Tatar: sü̆j-
Middle Turkic: sev- (IM, Pav. C.)
Uzbek: sev-, sɔj-
Uighur: söj-
Azerbaidzhan: sev-
Turkmen: söj-
Oyrat: sǖ-
Halaj: säv-
Chuvash: sav-
Yakut: iäj-
Kirghiz: süj-
Kazakh: süj-
Noghai: süj-
Bashkir: hü̆j-
Balkar: süj-
Gagauz: sev-
Karaim: sev-, süj-
Karakalpak: süj-
Kumyk: süj-
Comments: EDT 784, VEWT 406-407, ЭСТЯ 7.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-alt,turcet-khal,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *sebki-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to rest, refresh oneself, relax
Russian meaning: отдыхать, освежаться, расслабляться
Written Mongolian: seb (ge-), sebki-, sebkire- (L 678, 679)
Khalkha: sevxij-
Buriat: heb ge-
Kalmuck: sew ge-
Comments: KW 327. Mong. > Man. sebi-, sebki-.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *sebǯe-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: fun, to have fun
Russian meaning: веселье, веселиться
Evenki: sebǯen
Even: hebǯēk-
Negidal: sebǯen-
Spoken Manchu: sevǝǯǝn 'pleasure, enjoyment' (1941), sevǝǯǝŋǝ 'enjoyable' (1942), sevǝǯǝlǝ 'to enjoy' (1943)
Literary Manchu: sebǯen, sebǯele-
Ulcha: sebǯeni
Orok: sebǯen
Nanai: sebǯeni
Oroch: sebǯen-
Udighe: sebǯeŋke, sebu 'interesting'
Comments: ТМС 2, 133-134. Man. > Dag. sebǯile- (Тод. Даг. 162).
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-neg,tunget-sib,tunget-man,tunget-ulc,tunget-ork,tunget-nan,tunget-orc,tunget-ude,tunget-reference,

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Korean etymology :

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Proto-Korean: *sipɨ-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to wish, want
Russian meaning: желать, хотеть
Modern Korean: sip- [siph-], siphɨ-
Middle Korean: sipɨ-
Comments: Nam 325, KED 1043, 1066.
koret-prnum,koret-meaning,koret-rusmean,koret-phn,koret-ako,koret-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *sua(m)pa-p-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to recreate, have fun
Russian meaning: развлекаться, веселиться
Old Japanese: swobap-
Comments: JLTT 754.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-comments,

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Kartvelian etymology :

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Proto-Kartvelian: *šw-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: пускать, оставлять
English meaning: to let go, to leave
Georgian: šv-
Megrel: škv-, šk-
Svan: šgw-
Laz: škv-, šk-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 214-215, EWK 425. Сближение с ПИЕ *seuH- 'пускать, поощрять', алт. *sēbe 'любить', драв. *cīv- 'соглашаться', фин. hevi- 'легко, охотно' см. Долгопольский 1971, 240-241.
kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-sva,kartet-laz,kartet-notes,

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Long-range etymologies :

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Borean (approx.) : CVWV
Meaning : to wish, let
Eurasiatic : *šVwV
Afroasiatic : *ŝV(h)w/y- 'wish' (Sem., Eg., Cush.)
Sino-Caucasian : ? ST *caw ( ~ ć-, -e-) 'wish, like'
Reference : ND 2236.
globet-meaning,globet-nostr,globet-afas,globet-scc,globet-reference,

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