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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *ṗaĺV
Meaning: burn
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *pelǝ-, *(s)pel- (Pok. 805, 987)
Altaic: ? *p`i̯ŏ́ĺo
Uralic: *paĺa- 'burn' (Coll. 106)
Dravidian: *paḷ-
Eskimo-Aleut: *pali-ʁ-
Comments: For PA cf. rather PIE *plewi̯- 'Pleiades' (902) (cf. also PAN *buluq 'Pleiades'); cf. also PD *pul- 'dawn, shine' 1353, PA *p`i̯àlk`i 'lightning, thunder' 1782; PIE *(s)pAlg(ʷ)- `shine, sparkle' 2618; PA *p`ilo 'to dry, heat'; PFU *piLV 'warm, burn'; cf. also some forms under *belV.
References: МССНЯ 337; ND 1726 *[p]aĺ/ḷV 'burn, be heated'.
nostret-meaning,nostret-prnum,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,nostret-drav,nostret-esk,nostret-notes,nostret-reference,

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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *pAl[A]-, *plā- (~ -ō-)
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to burn
Slavic: *polḗtī, *poljǭ; *pālātī; *poltī, *poljǭ/*pъljǭ; *pālī́tī; *polnǭtī; *polmen-; *pɨ̄lātī
Germanic: *flōw-a- adj., *flaw-a- adj., *flōw-ia- m.
Russ. meaning: гореть
References: WP II 58 f
piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-slav,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,

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Vasmer's dictionary :

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Word: пали́ть,
Near etymology: палю́, укр. пали́ти, блр. палíць, др.-русск., ст.-слав. палити φλέγεσθαι, φλογίζειν (Супр.), болг. па́ля "жгу", сербохорв. па́лити, па̑ли̑м, словен. páliti, -im, чеш. páliti, pálím, слвц. рálit᾽, польск., в.-луж. palić, н.-луж. paliś.
Further etymology: Связано чередованием гласных со ст.-слав. полѣти "гореть, пылать"; ср. пла́мя, поле́но, пе́пел, лит. реlеnаĩ мн. "зола", лтш. pę̀lni мн., др.-прусск. реlаnnе -- то же; см. Мейе, МSL 9, 143; 19, 185; Ét. 230; Траутман, ВSW 212 и сл.; Младенов 409.
Pages: 3,192-193
vasmer-general,vasmer-origin,vasmer-pages,

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Germanic etymology :

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Proto-Germanic: *flōwa-, *flawa-, *flōwia-z
Meaning: warm, soft
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: flō-r `lau, warm'; flōa wk. `aufwärmen'; flȫ-r m. `Wärme'
Norwegian: flö `lau'; flöa vb.; flö `Wärme'
Middle Dutch: flau, vlau `matt, schwach, schlaff'
Dutch: { vlauw, flauw `matt, schwach, schlaff' }
germet-meaning,germet-prnum,germet-onord,germet-norw,germet-mdutch,germet-dutch,

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Pokorny's dictionary :

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Number: 1475
Root: (pel-9), pol-, plē-, plō̆-
English meaning: to burn, be warm
German meaning: `brennen, warm sein'
General comments: auch mit -u̯o- erweitert; vielleicht = (s)p(h)el- `glänzen, schimmern'
Material: Aisl. flōr (*flō-wa-) `lau, warm'; ndl. flouw `matt, lau', nhd. flau (*plē-u̯o-); aksl. poljǫ, polěti `brennen' intr., Kausat. paliti `brennen' tr., vъs-planetъ sę `καταφλεγήσεται', plamy, plamenъ m. `Flamme' (*polmen-); ob hierher lit. plė́nys oben S. 802?

    dazu wohl cymr. go-leu `Licht', bret. gou-lou ds. (*plo-u̯o-); anders Lewis-Pedersen 29 (zum GN Lugus), vgl. oben S. 690.

References: WP. II 59 f., Trautmann 212 f., J. Loth RC. 36, 157.
Pages: 805
PIE database: PIE database
pokorny-root,pokorny-meaning,pokorny-ger_mean,pokorny-comments,pokorny-material,pokorny-ref,pokorny-pages,pokorny-piet,

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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *p`i̯ŏ́ĺo
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: star
Russian meaning: звезда
Turkic: *jul-duŕ (*-dɨŕ)
Mongolian: *hodu
Korean: *pjǝ̄r
Japanese: *pǝ́sí
Comments: PKE 150, Martin 243, АПиПЯЯ 13, 36, 90, 277. In TM cf. perhaps Evn. hildenre- 'to dawn' (ТМС 2, 324). In Turkic one would rather expect *juĺ-, but the root is only used with the suffix *-du-ŕ, and in preconsonantal position *-ĺ- and *-l- were neutralized ("Helimski's rule"). Note Turk. *jul-du- = Mong. *ho-du- ( < *hol-du-) ( = Evk. hil-de-), with the same affixation throughout the Western Altaic area.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *jul-duŕ (*-dɨŕ)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: star
Russian meaning: звезда
Old Turkic: jultuz (Orkh., OUygh.)
Karakhanid: julduz (MK)
Turkish: jɨldɨz
Tatar: joldɨz
Middle Turkic: julduz (Pav. C., MA)
Uzbek: julduz
Uighur: jultuz
Sary-Yughur: juldɨs
Azerbaidzhan: ulduz
Turkmen: jɨldɨz
Khakassian: čɨltɨs
Shor: čɨltɨs
Oyrat: d́ɨldɨs
Halaj: julduz
Chuvash: śъʷldъʷr
Yakut: sulus
Dolgan: hulus
Tuva: sɨldɨs
Tofalar: sɨltɨs
Kirghiz: ǯɨldɨz
Kazakh: žu_ldɨz
Noghai: juldɨz
Bashkir: jondoδ
Balkar: žulduz
Gagauz: jɨldɨs
Karaim: jɨldɨz
Karakalpak: žuldɨz
Salar: jyldus
Kumyk: julduz
Comments: VEWT 210, TMN 3, 260-1, EDT 922-3, ЭСТЯ 4, 279-280, Лексика 53, Stachowski 111.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-khal,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *hodu
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: star
Russian meaning: звезда
Written Mongolian: odu(n) (L 600)
Middle Mongolian: xodun (HY 1, SH), hudun (IM), hudun (MA)
Khalkha: od
Buriat: odon
Kalmuck: odṇ
Ordos: udu
Dongxian: xodun
Baoan: xodoŋ
Dagur: xodo, xod (Тод. Даг. 176), hode (MD 162)
Shary-Yoghur: hodǝn
Monguor: fōdi (SM 99)
Comments: KW 283. Mong. > Manchu odontu 'starred, having stars' (see Rozycki 166).
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-reference,

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Korean etymology :

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Proto-Korean: *pjǝ̄r
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: star
Russian meaning: звезда
Modern Korean: pjǝl
Middle Korean: pjǝ̄r
Comments: Liu 383, HMCH 151, KED 780.
koret-prnum,koret-meaning,koret-rusmean,koret-phn,koret-ako,koret-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *pǝ́sí
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: star
Russian meaning: звезда
Old Japanese: p(w)osi
Middle Japanese: fósí
Tokyo: hòshi
Kyoto: hóshí
Kagoshima: hóshi
Nase: Fu_̀šì
Shuri: Fúšì
Hateruma: pu_̀cù
Yonakuni: Fùtčí
Comments: JLTT 415.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-nas,japet-shu,japet-hat,japet-yon,japet-comments,

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Uralic etymology :

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Number: 1199
Proto: *paĺa
> Nostratic: > Nostratic
English meaning: to burn
German meaning: brennen
Finnish: pala- 'brennen (intr.), flammen; poltta- 'brennen, in Brand setzen'
Estonian: pala-, põle- 'brennen (intr.)'
Saam (Lapp): buolle- -l- (N) 'burn, be on fire', puollē- (L) 'brennen (intr.)', pī̊ille- (T), pūille- (Kld.), puoille- (Not.) id.
Mordovian: palo- (E M) 'brennen, ausbrennen'; pulta- (E), puLta- (M) 'brennen (tr.), verbrennen'
uralet-proto,uralet-prnum,uralet-meaning,uralet-germmean,uralet-fin,uralet-est,uralet-saa,uralet-mrd,

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Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-Dravidian : *paḷ-
Meaning : to shine, glitter
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Proto-South Dravidian: *paḷ-
Proto-Telugu : *paḷ-
dravet-meaning,dravet-prnum,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,

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South Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-South Dravidian : *paḷ-
Meaning : to glitter
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : paḷapaḷa (-pp-, -tt-)
Tamil meaning : to glitter, shine (as hair well-oiled, a surface well-polished)
Tamil derivates : paḷapaḷappu glittering, lustre; paḷapaḷav-en_al expr. signifying glittering; paḷicc-en_al expr. signifying flashing, shining; paḷīr-en_al expr. signifying gleaming, flashing
Malayalam : paḷapaḷa
Malayalam meaning : gleaming (with minnuka to shine)
Malayalam derivates : paḷuŋŋuka to glitter
Kannada : paḷakane, paḷacane, paḷaccane, paḷañce
Kannada meaning : with a glitter, with pure brightness, with a flash; brightness, pureness, etc.
Kannada derivates : haḷacige flash, glitter, shine; (Gowda) paḷḷaŋge completely dawning
Tulu : paḷḷena
Tulu meaning : light, shine
Tulu derivates : (B-K) paḷapaḷa term to indicate glittering
Number in DED : 4012
sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-tamder,sdret-mal,sdret-malmean,sdret-malder,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-kander,sdret-tul,sdret-tulmean,sdret-tulder,sdret-dednum,

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Telugu etymology :

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Proto-Telugu : *paḷ-
Meaning : glitteringly
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Telugu : paḷapaḷa
Additional forms : Also ? [1] paluka, [2] palukana paleness, whiteness
Number in DED : 4012
telet-meaning,telet-prnum,telet-tel_1,telet-addition,telet-dednum,

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Eskimo etymology :

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Proto-Eskimo: *pali-ʁ-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: sunburnt, grey, carbonized
Russian meaning: загорелый, серый, обугленный
Proto-Yupik: *pali-ʁ-, *pal-qǝ
Proto-Inupik: *paliʁ-
Comments: This root is confused with *paliʁ- 'dry' in CED. Cf. *palqǝ 'ashes, hot'.
Comparative Eskimo Dictionary: 248
esqet-prnum,esqet-meaning,esqet-rmean,esqet-yup,esqet-inup,esqet-newcom,esqet-refer,

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Yupik etymology :

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Proto-Yupik: *pali-ʁ-
Eskimo etymology: Eskimo etymology
Meaning: sunburn, sun-tan 1, sunburnt, grey 2
Russian Meaning: загар 1, загорелый, серый 2, пепел 3
Sirenik: palíχtǝqǝ̄́χtǝχ 'to turn yellow'
Chaplino: palīq (t) 1, palīʁŋálʁi, palíχtǝqaq 2
Naukan: páliq 1, palíŋʁalʁē 2
Alutiiq Alaskan Yupik: paliχtǝ- 1
Central Alaskan Yupik: paliχtǝ- 1
Comparative Eskimo Dictionary: 248
yupet-prnum,yupet-mean,yupet-rmean,yupet-sir,yupet-chap,yupet-nauk,yupet-aay,yupet-cay,yupet-ced,

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Inupik etymology :

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Proto-Inupik: *paliʁ-
Eskimo etymology: Eskimo etymology
Meaning: sooted up, carbonized 1, brown, sunburnt 2, suntanned person 3
Russian meaning: обугленный, закопченный 1, коричневый, загорелый 2, загорелый (человек) 3
SPI Dialects: Imaq palíqtūmāroq 3, 1, 'greyish', páliq 'sunburn'
Eastern Canadian Inupik: paliʁniq 'lamp that goes out for lack of fuel' 3, palliq 3
Greenlandic Inupik: paliʁsi- 1, paliʁ(sima)- 2
Comparative Eskimo Dictionary: 248
inupet-prnum,inupet-meaning,inupet-rmean,inupet-spis,inupet-eci,inupet-gri,inupet-ced,

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Long-range etymologies :

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Borean (approx.) : PVLV
Meaning : burn
Eurasiatic : *ṗaĺV
Afroasiatic : *fiyal-; Cush. *bul- 'warm' (ND 195)
Sino-Caucasian : *bVlV ( ~ -ɫ-)
Amerind (misc.) : *apali 'firewood' (actually 'fire, burn, hot') (R 268)
Reference : МССНЯ 337; ND 195, 1726; GE 103 *pal.
globet-meaning,globet-nostr,globet-afas,globet-scc,globet-amer,globet-reference,

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Afroasiatic etymology :

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Proto-Afro-Asiatic: *fiyal-
Meaning: cook, boil
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
Berber: *fVl-fVl- 'boil'
Western Chadic: *fwayil- 'boil'
Low East Cushitic: *ʔa-fēl- 'cook' (v.)
afaset-meaning,afaset-prnum,afaset-brb,afaset-wch,afaset-lec,

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Berber etymology :

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Proto-Berber: *fVl-fVl-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'boil'
Izayan: fḷufell
Notes: Reduplication
brbet-prnum,brbet-meaning,brbet-izy,brbet-notes,

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West Chadic etymology :

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Proto-WChadic: *fwayil-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'boil'
Angas: fīl [Fl]
Chip: fìyɛ̀̀l [Kr N372]
Ankwe=Goemai: fial [Fp]
Bolewa: ʔi fulo [LkB]
Dera=Kanakuru: pùlí [MnK]
Polchi: ir fulu [Kr N 372]
Geji: hùlùwi [Kr]
Burma: fule [Kr]
Buli: fǝlǝ́ [Cs N 867]
wchet-prnum,wchet-meaning,wchet-ang,wchet-chp,wchet-ank,wchet-bol,wchet-der,wchet-pol,wchet-gej,wchet-brm,wchet-bul,

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Low East Cushitic etymology :

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Proto-Low East Cushitic: *ʔa-fēl-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'cook (v.)
Oromo (Galla): affeela
Notes: Contraction of the original cluster *-iya- > *ē. Prefix *ʔa-
lecet-prnum,lecet-meaning,lecet-oro,lecet-notes,

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Sino-Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-Sino-Caucasian: *bVlV ( ~ -ɫ-)
Meaning: to burn, kindle
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
North Caucasian: *bVlV (?)
Burushaski: *bal- / *bul-
Basque: *bero
Comments and references : LDC 36.
sccet-meaning,sccet-prnum,sccet-cauc,sccet-buru,sccet-basq,sccet-notes,

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North Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-North Caucasian: *bVlV (?)
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: to burn
Proto-West Caucasian: *bǝlA (~ -Ł-)
Notes: Reconstructed for the PWC level.
caucet-prnum,caucet-meaning,caucet-abad,caucet-comment,

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Abkhaz-Adyghe etymology :

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Proto-West-Caucasian: *bǝlA
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: 1 burn 2 burn, shine (intr.)
Abkhaz: a-bǝ́l-ra 1
Abaza: bǝl-ra 1
Adyghe: bLa- 2
Kabardian: bLa- 2
Comments: PAT *bǝlǝ-, PAK *bǝLa-.
abadet-prnum,abadet-meaning,abadet-abk,abadet-aba,abadet-adg,abadet-kab,abadet-comment,

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Burushaski etymology :

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Common Burushaski: *bal- / *bul-
Sino-Caucasian Etymology: Sino-Caucasian Etymology
Meaning: 1 to kindle 2 warm, tepid
Yasin: -s-pal 1
Hunza: -́s-pal- 1, bulbūlo 2
Nagar: -́s-pal- 1, bubúlo 2
Comments: Sh. bubuúlo
buruet-prnum,buruet-meaning,buruet-yas,buruet-hun,buruet-ngr,buruet-notes,

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Basque etymology :

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Proto-Basque: *bero
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: warm, hot; warmth, heat
Bizkaian: bero
Gipuzkoan: bero
High Navarrese: bero
Low Navarrese: bero
Salazarese: bero
Lapurdian: bero
Zuberoan: béro
Roncalese: bero
Comments: Expressive/diminutive form bello /belyo/ in ZBR, RNC, SAL = ‘slightly warm, lukewarm’, or ‘warm, hot’ when speaking to a child. In RNC (Isaba) béllo became the only (unmarked) form.
basqet-prnum,basqet-meaning,basqet-bzk,basqet-gip,basqet-anv,basqet-bnv,basqet-sal,basqet-lab,basqet-zbr,basqet-rnc,basqet-comments,

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