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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *watV
Meaning: to speak
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *wed- (WP 1, 251)
Altaic: *ót`e (~-t-)
Uralic: *wa[t]V 'word' (Sam.: Castrén Verz. 304); ? att3 'sagen' (ug.; 1747)
Dravidian: *vadar_- (+ SDr *ōd- 'read, recite')
Eskimo-Aleut: *atǝʁ, *atRiʁ-
References: МССНЯ 336; ND 2547 *wot(Vʔ)E 'to speak, utter sounds' (w/o Ur.), 2553 *wAṭVrV 'speak'.
nostret-meaning,nostret-prnum,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,nostret-drav,nostret-esk,nostret-reference,

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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *wod- (Gr w-)
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to speak, to sing, to scold, etc.
Hittite: uttar n. (r/n) 'Wort' (Friedrich 237 - but cf. also *wāt- 1214)
Tokharian: A wätk-, B watk- `befehlen'
Old Indian: vádati, ptc. uditá- `to speak, say, utter, tell'; vāditra- n. `musical instrument, music', vāda- `speaking of or about', m. `speech, discourse, talk'; vándati, -te `to praise, laud, extol'
Old Greek: hüdéō, hǘdō `besingen, verherrlichen', hǘdä = phḗmē, ōidḗ Theognost.; hǘdǟs, ḕ poiētḗs Hsch.; *wodáō: godā̂n = klaíein Hsch., *wodó-: godón = góēta Hsch; ? au̯dǟ́ f. `(menschliche) Stimme, Laut, Rede'
Slavic: *vā́dā, *vā́dītī
Baltic: ? *wad-in̂-, *wad-ī̂- vb. (some forms)
Russ. meaning: говорить, петь, ругать etc.
References: WP I 251 f
piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-hitt,piet-tokh,piet-ind,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,

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Vasmer's dictionary :

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Word: ва́дить
Near etymology: "спорить, клеветать", диал. "манить, обманывать", новгор. (Преобр. 1, 62), др.-русск., ст.-слав. вадити κατηγορεῖν, обадити "calumniari", болг. оба́дя, оба́ждам "извещаю", словен. váditi "заявлять, подавать жалобу, сознаваться; приманивать", чеш. vaditi "мешать", слвц. vadit', польск. wadzić "раздражать", каш. wadzyc "кричать, бранить".
Further etymology: Родственно др.-инд. vádati (1 л. мн. пф. ūdimá) "говорит, возвещает, выдает", ср. з. "ссориться из-за" (с приставкой ара-"порицает"), др.-инд. vādas "высказывание, спор", кауз. vādáyati "говорит, заставляет звучать", греч. αὑδή "звук, голос, язык", αὑδάω "кричу, говорю", возм., также д.-в.-н. farwâʒan "проклинать, опровергать", др.-сакс. farwâtan "отрицать, опровергать, проклинать", лит. vadìnti "звать, называть"; см. Уленбек, Aind. Wb. 269; Траутман, BSW 337. Производным от ва́дить является ва́да "ссора, сплетня". Если возможен переход знач. "ссориться" > "манить", "приучать", то сюда же можно отнести русск. ва́да "повадка, привычка", ва́дить(ся) "приучать, привыкать", словен. váditi -- то же. Горяев (ЭС 38) и Преобр. (1, 62), несмотря на отсутствие ("подвижного"?) s, сравнивают эти слова с др.-инд. svadhā́ "привычка, обычное состояние", авест. χvaðāta- "добровольный", греч. ἔθος "обычай", лат. sodālis "товарищ" (*su̯edhālis). Поскольку нельзя отрывать приведенные выше др.-инд. vádati и vādáyati от ва́дить, предположение о родстве с греч. ὠπέω "толкаю", ἔπει ̇ ἐρεθίζει (Гесихий) у Эндзелина (Don. Natal. Schrijnen 398) и Зубатого (AfslPh 16, 407) едва ли вероятно, точно так же как сравнение Преобр. (1, 62) и Младенова (570) с гот. gawadjan "обещать, давать обет".
Pages: 1,265-266
vasmer-general,vasmer-origin,vasmer-pages,

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Baltic etymology :

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Proto-Baltic: *wad-in̂-, *wad-ī̂- vb.
Meaning: call
Indo-European etymology: Indo-European etymology
Lithuanian: vadìnti, vadī́ti `nennen, (herbei)rufen, einladen'
baltet-meaning,baltet-prnum,baltet-lith,

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Pokorny's dictionary :

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Number: 133
Root: au̯-6, au̯ed-
English meaning: to speak
German meaning: `sprechen'
Material: Gr. hom. αὖε Imperf. `rief', ἄβα τροχὸς ἤ βοή Hes.

    Ai. vádati `läßt die Stimme erschallen, redet' (Perf. ūdimá, Partiz. uditá-), vádanam `das Tönen, Reden, Mund', úditi- f. `Rede', vādayati `läßt ertönen, spielt (ein Musikinstrument), läßt sprechen', vāditram `musikalisches Instrument, Musik', vāda- `ertönen lassend, m. Laut, Ruf, Klang, Aussage, Wortstreit'; in der Dehnstufe und der Bed. vergleicht sich am nächsten aksl. vada `calumnia', vaditi `accusare';

    nasaliert ai. vandate, -ti `lobt, preist, begrüßt mit Ehrfurcht', vandanam `Lob, Preis, ehrfurchtsvolle Begrüßung', vandāru- `lobend, preisend'; siehe noch Uhlenbeck Ai. Wb. unter vallakī `eine Art Laute', vallabha-ḥ `Günstling'.

    Gr. γοδα̃ν [d. i. Fοδα̃ν] κλαίειν Hes., ̔Ησί()οδος `qui ἵησi Fόδαν, i. e. ἀοιδήν`, γοδόν [d. i. Fοδόν] γόητα Hes.; tiefstufig ὑδέω, ὕδω (von den Alexandrinern irgendwo hervorgeholt) `besinge, verherrliche', ὕδη φήμη, ᾠδη (Theognostos καν. 19, 26) (ὕμνος `Lied, Gesang' eher zum Hochzeitsruf ὑμήν: andere Deutungen verz. Walde LEWb.2 u. suō, Boisacq s. v., wieder anders Risch 50).

    Lit. vadinù, vadìnti `rufen, nennen'.

    au̯-ē-d- in ἀ()ηδών `Nachtigall' (ἀβηδόνα ἀηδόνα Hes., äol. ἀήδων und ἀήδω, die Tiefstufe ἀυδ- in αὐδή `Laut, Stimme, Sprache' (äol. αὔδω Sappho), αὐδάω `schreie, spreche', αὐδήεις, dor. αὐδά̄εις `mit menschlicher Stimme sprechend'.

    au̯-ei-d- in ἀ()είδω (att. ᾄδω) `singe', ἀ()οιδή (att. ᾠδή) `Gesang', ἀοιδός `Sänger', ἀοίδιμος `besungen'. Anders Wackernagel KZ. 29, 151 f.

    Toch. В watk-, AB wätk-, В yaitk- `befehlen'.

References: WP. I 251 f., Specht KZ. 59, 119 f., Van Windekens Lexique 155.
Pages: 76-77
PIE database: PIE database
pokorny-root,pokorny-meaning,pokorny-ger_mean,pokorny-material,pokorny-ref,pokorny-pages,pokorny-piet,

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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *ŏ́t`è (~-t-)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: sound
Russian meaning: звук, звучать
Turkic: *öt-
Mongolian: *öči-
Tungus-Manchu: *(x)ot-
Japanese: *ǝ́tǝ̀
Comments: KW 302, Владимирцов 323, Poppe 51, АПиПЯЯ 286. Despite TMN 2, 134, not borrowed in Mong. < Turk.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *öt-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to sing (of birds) 2 to say 3 to ask, request
Russian meaning: 1 петь (о птицах) 2 сказать, говорить 3 просить
Old Turkic: öt- 1 (OUygh.), ötün- 3 (Orkh., OUygh.)
Karakhanid: öt- 1, ötün- 3 (MK)
Turkish: öt- 1
Tatar: üten- 3
Middle Turkic: öt- 2 (Pav. C.)
Uighur: ötün- 3
Turkmen: ötün- 3
Chuvash: avъt- 1
Yakut: et- 2
Dolgan: et- 2
Tuva: e't- 1
Tofalar: e't- 1
Salar: edi- 2
Comments: VEWT 52, ЭСТЯ 1, 556, 557-558, EDT 39, 62, Егоров 21, Stachowski 48. The Chuv. form is somewhat aberrant phonetically: it is possible that the actual Chuv. reflex of this root is vitǝn- `to ask' - while Chuv. avъt- (together with avtan, atan `cock', Tat. ätäč `cock') goes back to a separate PT root *ebt-, possibly going back to PA *ip`i (~-p-,-e) `to say, speak' q. v.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uig,turcet-trm,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-sal,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *öči-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to report; to pray 2 to sing a song
Russian meaning: 1 докладывать, сообщать; молиться 2 петь песню
Written Mongolian: öči- 1
Middle Mongolian: oči- (SH, HYt) 1
Khalkha: öč- 1
Kalmuck: öčǝ- 1
Ordos: öčö- 'réciter à haute voix (prière)'
Dagur: učule- 2 (Тод. Даг. 172)
Comments: KW 302. Mong. (cf. the Dag. form) > Man. učule- 'sing', Man., Sol. učun 'song' (see ТМС 2, 297).
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *(x)ot-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to shout, cry
Russian meaning: кричать
Evenki: otutka-
Comments: ТМС 2, 29. Attested only in Evk., but having probable external parallels.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *ǝ́tǝ̀
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: sound
Russian meaning: звук
Old Japanese: oto
Middle Japanese: ótò
Tokyo: otó
Kyoto: ótò
Kagoshima: óto
Comments: JLTT 513.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,

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Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-Dravidian : *vadar_-
Meaning : to chatter, prattle
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Proto-South Dravidian: *vadar_-
Proto-Telugu : *vadar-
dravet-meaning,dravet-prnum,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,

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South Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-South Dravidian : *vadar_-
Meaning : to chatter
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : vatar_u (vatar_i-)
Tamil meaning : to chatter, prate, be talkative, lisp, abuse
Kannada : odar_u
Kannada meaning : to sound, cry aloud, shout, shriek, howl
Kannada derivates : caus. odar_isu; odar_uvike sounding, crying aloud
Tulu : badaritana
Tulu meaning : defamation
Number in DED : 5244
sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-kander,sdret-tul,sdret-tulmean,sdret-dednum,

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Telugu etymology :

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Proto-Telugu : *vadar-
Meaning : to prattle, prate, babble, chatter, jabber
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Telugu : vadaru
Telugu (Krishnamurti) : vaduru
Additional forms : Also vadarũbōtu prattler, babbler; (K) odaru to prattle, prate, abuse
Number in DED : 5244
telet-meaning,telet-prnum,telet-tel_1,telet-tel_kr,telet-addition,telet-dednum,

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Eskimo etymology :

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Proto-Eskimo: *atǝʁ, *atRiʁ-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: name, to name
Russian meaning: имя, называть
Proto-Yupik: *atǝʁ, *atjiʁ-
Proto-Inupik: *atǝʁ, *acciʁ-
Comparative Eskimo Dictionary: 51
esqet-prnum,esqet-meaning,esqet-rmean,esqet-yup,esqet-inup,esqet-refer,

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Yupik etymology :

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Proto-Yupik: *atǝʁ, *atjiʁ-
Eskimo etymology: Eskimo etymology
Meaning: name 1, to name 2
Russian Meaning: имя 1, именовать, называть 2
Sirenik: atǝχ, //atiqusɫux 'nickname' [Men.]
Chaplino: atǝq (χǝt), âtɨk* 1, atīʁaqā' 2
Naukan: atǝ́q 1, asíχtuʁōʁaqā 'to miscall, to give an abusive name'
Alutiiq Alaskan Yupik: atǝq 1, 'namesake', aciʁ- 2
Chugach (Birket-Smith): atiq 1
Central Alaskan Yupik: atǝq (ʁ) 1, aciʁ- 2
Nunivak (Peripheral): ätχa* 3sg. 1
Comparative Eskimo Dictionary: 51
yupet-prnum,yupet-mean,yupet-rmean,yupet-sir,yupet-chap,yupet-nauk,yupet-aay,yupet-chgm,yupet-cay,yupet-nun,yupet-ced,

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Inupik etymology :

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Proto-Inupik: *ätǝ̣ʁ, *acciʁ-
Eskimo etymology: Eskimo etymology
Meaning: name 1, namesake 2, to name 3
Russian meaning: имя 1, тезка 2, именовать, называть 3
Seward Peninsula Inupik: atiq 1, assiq- 2
SPI Dialects: Imaq átɨq 1, asēʁutáûroq 'monicker, alias', W ätiq* 1
North Alaskan Inupik: atɨq (ʁ) 1, 2, atciq- 2
NAI Dialects: B, Ingl ätiq*, ätqa* 3sg. 1
Western Canadian Inupik: atiq 1, atsiq- 1, atsiqtui- 'to insult, to call names'
WCI Dialects: Cor, M ätiq* 1, Sig atiq 1, 2 [Lowe, Met.]
Eastern Canadian Inupik: atiq 1, atsi(q)- 2
ECI Dialects: Lab atisiak 2
Greenlandic Inupik: atiq (ʁ) (ateq*) 1, atīq/k 2, atsiʁ- 2
GRI Dialects: NG atiqqat 2, Up atīsaq 2
Comparative Eskimo Dictionary: 51
inupet-prnum,inupet-meaning,inupet-rmean,inupet-spi,inupet-spis,inupet-nai,inupet-nais,inupet-wci,inupet-wcis,inupet-eci,inupet-ecis,inupet-gri,inupet-gris,inupet-ced,

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Long-range etymologies :

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Borean (approx.) : WVTV
Meaning : to speak
Eurasiatic : *watV
Afroasiatic : *wat-
Reference : МССНЯ 336; ND 2547.
globet-meaning,globet-nostr,globet-afas,globet-reference,

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Afroasiatic etymology :

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Proto-Afro-Asiatic: *wat- (?)
Meaning: call, speak
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
Western Chadic: *wat- 'call'
East Chadic: *waat-
Omotic: *w/yat- 'say, speak'
Notes: Scarce data.
afaset-meaning,afaset-prnum,afaset-wch,afaset-ech,afaset-omo,afaset-notes,

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West Chadic etymology :

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Proto-WChadic: *wat-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'call'
Pero: wát
wchet-prnum,wchet-meaning,wchet-per,

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East Chadic etymology :

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Proto-EChadic: *waat-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'speak, call'
Kera: wáaté [Eb]
echet-prnum,echet-meaning,echet-ker,

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Omotic etymology :

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Proto-Omotic: *w/yat-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'say, speak'
Ometo: (y)ot, iwet-
Janjero (Yamma, Yemsa): it-
omoet-prnum,omoet-meaning,omoet-ome,omoet-yam,

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