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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *(o)pel- (-ph-) ?
Meaning: to be strong, thick
Old Indian: phála- n. `fruit; result', phalati `to be fruitful, bear or produce fruit', phaṇa- m., phaṇā f., phaṭa- m., phaṭā f. `expanded hood or neck of a serpent'
Old Greek: ophéllō, aor. pt. hom. ophéllei̯en `mehren, vermehre, vergrössen, fördern'; óphelma n., ophelmo-s m. (inschr.) `Vermehrung, Vorteil', óphelos n. `Förderung, Nutzen, Vorteil, Gewinn'
Latin: polleō, -ēre `vermögen, stark sein, ausrichten', pollex, -icis m. `Daumen, grosse Fusszehe; kurzer Zweig am Weinstock; Knoten'
Celtic: *holl- > Gaul Ollo-gnatus, -vicus; OIr comp. uilliu, sup. ollam `der höchste auf einem Wissensgebiete, Gelehrter, Doktor', MIr oll `gross'
Russ. meaning: быть сильным, крепким, толстым
References: WP II 102 f (differently in Pok.)
piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-greek,piet-lat,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,

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Pokorny's dictionary :

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Number: 1542
Root: polo- : pōlo-
English meaning: swollen, fat, big
German meaning: `geschwollen, dick, groß'
Material: Lat. polleō, -ēre `bin stark, vermöge', Denomin. eines *pollos aus *pol-no-; dazu pollex, -icis m. `Daumen, große Zehe'; urslav. palъ in russ. bez-palъij `fingerlos'; aruss.-ksl. palъcъ `Daumen' (*poliko-), usw. ; vielleicht dazu als `mit dem Daumen betasten' npers. pālidan `suchen, spüren', bulg. pálam `suche', ahd. fuolen, nhd. fühlen, ags. fǣlan, engl. feel, (*fōljan), aisl. felma `tappen, tasten', ablaut. falma ds.
References: WP. II 7, 102, WH II 332 f., Vasmer 2, 305.
Pages: 840-841
PIE database: PIE database
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