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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *dhelbh-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to dig, to hollow
Slavic: *del(s)tī, *dьlbǭ; *dolbъ; *dolto, *delto
Baltic: *del̃b- vb. trans., *dal̂b-ā̂ (1), *del̂b-n-ā̂ (1) f., *dal̂b-a- (1) c., *dil̂b-ia- c., *dul̂b-a- (1) adj., *dulb-t-a- n., *del̂b-a- (1) m.
Germanic: *dilb-a- vb.
Russ. meaning: рыть, долбить
References: WP I 866 f
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Vasmer's dictionary :

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Word: долби́ть,
Near etymology: долблю́, укр. довба́ти, блр. долбíць, болг. дълба́, дълба́я, сербохорв. ду́бе̑м, ду́псти "выдалбливать", словен. dóɫbem, dóɫbsti -- то же, чеш. dlubu, dloubati, слвц. dlbst', dlbat', польск. dɫubię, dɫubać, в.-луж. doɫpaŕ "скульптор", н.-луж. dɫypaś "выдалбливать".
Further etymology: Другая ступень чередования представлена в чеш. dlabati (Голуб 44), dlab "паз, желобок", др.-русск. надолобъ "опускная колода у ворот, тын, городск. ограда", также русск. долото́. Родственно лит. nu-dilbstù, -dìlbti "потупить (глаза)", лит. délba "py- коятка вил", лтш. dal̃ba dal̃bs, "брус, шест для распугивания рыбы", dal̃buȏt, dalbât "загонять шестом в сеть", нж.-нем. dölben "бить", др.-англ. delfan "копать, погребать", флам. delf "овраг, ров", д.-в.-н. bitelban "закапывать"; см. Бернекер 1, 250 и сл.; Фортунатов, Лекции 160; Траутман, BSW 54; М. -- Э. 1, 434; Торп 204; Хольтхаузен, РВВ 44, 476; Aengl. Wb. 71.
Pages: 1,523-524
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Baltic etymology :

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Proto-Baltic: *del̃b- vb. trans., *dal̂b-ā̂ (1), *del̂b-n-ā̂ (1) f., *dal̂b-a- (1) c., *dil̂b-ia- c., *dul̂b-a- (1) adj., *dulb-t-a- n., *del̂b-a- (1) m.
Meaning: hollowing tool
Indo-European etymology: Indo-European etymology
Lithuanian: dálba, délna 'Hebel, Hebeisen, Brechsteigen, plumper Mensch, Faulpelz'; dìlbi-s; del̃bti 'die Augen niederschlagen', dùlbi-s 'ungeschickter, nicht finkert Mensch'
Lettish: dal̃ba, dal̃bs, dalbe, dal̃bis 'Stamm des Baumes; Fischerstange zum Scheuchen der Fische; Stange zu Stossen, Rudern, Anhalten der Böte; Stange zum Undrehen von Balken und zum Verbinden von Fudern; Stange, womit das Korn in der Riege gelockert wird, damit es von der Wärme durchdrungen werden könnte; Ofenkrücke; zweizinkige Gabel zum Aufladen der Garben; Gartengabel; langer Stiel einer Harke od. Gabel' + 'Höhlung, die durch das Ausfaulen des Markes im Baume entstanden ist' + 'unachtsamer Mensch'; dulburis, dul̃burs 'Stotterer, Polterer, Radebrecher; zerstreuter Mensch', dùlbs2 'dumm'; delbis 'zweizinkige Gabel zum Gartengeben', dęlbs 'Oberarm', pl. dęl̃bi 'Stangen zum Tragen'
Old Prussian: dalptan `Durchschlag, spitzes Werkzeug, und damit Löcher zu schlagen' Voc. 456
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Germanic etymology :

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Proto-Germanic: *dilban- vb.
Meaning: dig, hollow
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old English: delfan `graben, begraben'
Old Frisian: delva, dela
Old Saxon: bi-delban `begraben'
Middle Dutch: delven `graven, begraven'
Dutch: delven; fläm. delv `Schlucht, Graben'
Low German: delven `graben, begraben'
Old High German: { bi-telban, -telpan (bitolban) `begraben' }
Middle High German: tëlben, dëlben st. 'graben'
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Pokorny's dictionary :

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Number: 388
Root: dhelbh-
English meaning: to bury
German meaning: `graben, aushöhlen; herausschlagen; Stock, Stange (ursprüngl. als Werkzeug zum Graben); Röhrenknochen (gehöhlt? oder als Grabwerkzeug benannt?)'
General comments: Nur german. und baltoslav.
Material: Ahd. bi-telban, -telpan (Partiz. bitolban) `begraben', as. bi-delƀan ds., mndd. ndl. delven, ags. delfan `graben, begraben', fläm. delv `Schlucht, Graben'; dazu schweiz. tülpen `schlagen, prügeln', tirol. dalfer `Ohrfeige, Schlag', ndd. dölben `schlagen';

    bsl. *dilbō `grabe ein, höhle aus': in lit. délba und dálba f. `Brechstange', lett. dil̃ba f., dilbis m. `Röhrenknochen, Schienbein', delbs `Oberarm, Ellenbogen', dalbs m., dalba f. `Fischerstange, Heugabel'; vielleicht lit. nu-dil̃binti `die Augen niederschlagen';

    slav. *dьlbǫ, *delti in skr. dúbēm, dúpsti `aushöhlen', dùbok `tief, usw. (ablaut. *delti in skr. dial. dlisti `meißeln', vgl. dlijèto `Meißel'); čech. dlubu, dlubati `höhlen, stochern', ablaut. *dolb- in čech. dlabati `meißeln', dlab `Fuge' (= lett. dal̃bs), aruss. nadolobъ m., nadolba f. `Stadtumzäunung'; *dolb-to- `Meißel, spitzes Eisen' in apr. dalptan `Durchschlag', slav. *dolto `Meißel' in bulg. dlató, russ.-ksl. dlato, russ. doɫotó ds.

References: WP. I 866 f., Trautmann 54, Mühlenbach-Endzelin I 434.
Pages: 246
PIE database: PIE database
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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *delpV
Meaning: to burst, dig
Indo-European: *dhelbh-
Altaic: *dĕ̀lp`i
References: ND 527 *däLbV 'to gauge, dig, cut through' (Mong.-IE).
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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *dĕ̀lp`i
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to burst, break
Russian meaning: ломать(ся), рвать(ся)
Turkic: *deĺ-
Mongolian: *delbe-
Tungus-Manchu: *delpe-
Japanese: *timpǝ-
Comments: Poppe 44 (Mong.-Tung.), Дыбо 13. Despite Doerfer MT 64, the TM form is hardly borrowed from Mong.
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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *deĺ-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to make holes
Russian meaning: продырявливать
Karakhanid: teš- (MK)
Turkish: deš-
Tatar: tiš-
Middle Turkic: teš- (Sangl., Abush.)
Uzbek: teš-
Uighur: täš-
Azerbaidzhan: deš-
Khakassian: tis-
Oyrat: teš-
Yakut: tes-
Dolgan: tes-
Tuva: deš-
Tofalar: deš-
Kirghiz: teš-
Kazakh: tes-
Noghai: tes-
Bashkir: tiš-
Balkar: teš-
Gagauz: deš-
Karaim: teš-
Karakalpak: tes-
Kumyk: teš-
Comments: VEWT 476, EDT 559, ЭСТЯ 3, 210-212, TMN 2, 657, Stachowski 221.
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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *delbe-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to burst, break through
Russian meaning: лопаться, разрываться
Written Mongolian: delbe-le, -re- (L 247, 248)
Khalkha: delbere-, -le- (Tr.)
Buriat: delber-, delbel- (Tr.)
Kalmuck: delwḷ-
Ordos: delbel-
Comments: KW 87.
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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *delpe-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to split
Russian meaning: раскалываться, трескаться
Evenki: delpe-rge-, delpe-m-
Even: depčerge-
Negidal: detpejkin-
Solon: delpe-
Comments: ТМС 1, 233.
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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *timpǝ-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to become worn down, out
Russian meaning: изнашиваться, приходить в упадок
Middle Japanese: tib(u)-
Tokyo: chibi-
Comments: JLTT 767. PJ accent not clear.
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