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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *ster-
Meaning: barren
Tokharian: ? B śari 'calf, heifer?' (Adams 622)
Old Indian: starī́- f. `barren cow, heifer'
Armenian: sterǯ `unfruchtbar (von Tier)', sterd `ds.'
Old Greek: stêi̯ra f. `unfruchtbare', stéripho- `unfruchtbar'
Slavic: *sterīcā: болг. стерица `Gelte'
Germanic: *stir-ōn- f.; *stir-k-ia- n., *stir-k-(i)ōn- f.
Latin: sterilis, -e (OLat sterilus, -a) `unfruchtbar; leer, ertraglos'
Albanian: štjer_e junge Kuh, Lamm
Russ. meaning: я́ловая
References: WP II 640 f
piet-meaning,piet-tokh,piet-ind,piet-arm,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-alb,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,

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Germanic etymology :

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Proto-Germanic: *stirōn; *stirkia-n, *stirk(i)ōn
Meaning: barren; calf, lamb
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: stɛrō f. (n) `the barren one'
Old English: stirc (stiorc, styric), -es n. `stirk, calf, young bullock or heifer'
English: stirk
Middle Low German: sterke f. `jonge koe, die nog niet bij de stier geweest is'
Old High German: stero `Widder'
Middle High German: stër, stëre, stërre wk. m. (/ st. m.) 'widder'
German: { [ Stärke < MLG ] }
germet-meaning,germet-prnum,germet-got,germet-oengl,germet-engl,germet-mlg,germet-ohg,germet-mhg,germet-hg,

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Pokorny's dictionary :

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Number: 1895
Root: ster-6
English meaning: sterile
German meaning: `unfruchtbar'
General comments: alte Sonderanwendung von ster- `steif'
Material: Ai. starī́- f. `unfruchtbare Kuh';

    arm. sterj `unfruchtbar, von Tieren', auch sterd (*ster-dh-o-, -i̯o-);

    gr. στει̃ρα f. `unfruchtbare' (Kuh, Frau), στέριφος `unfruchtbar' (und `starr');

    alb. shtjerrë `junge Kuh, Lamm';

    lat. sterilis `unfruchtbar';

    got. stairō f. `unfruchtbar', ahd. stero `Widder'; mit k- erweitert mndd. sterke `junge Kuh', ags. stierc `Kalb'; isl. stirtla `unfruchtbare Kuh';

    bulg. sterica `Gelte'.

References: WP. II 640 f., WH. II 589 f.
Pages: 1031
PIE database: PIE database
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