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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *arkʷ-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: bow and arrows
Germanic: *árxw-ō/*ar(g)w-ṓn- f.; *árxw-az-n-ō f.
Latin: arcus, gen. -ūs m. `Bogen, Regen-, Schwibbogen, Bogenwölbung, Kreisbogen', *arquus, gen. arquī `Bogen', arques, -itis m. `sagittarius'
Other Italic: Umbr arc̨lataf `arculatas, runde Kuchen'
Russ. meaning: лук и стрелы
References: WP I 81
piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-ital,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,

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Germanic etymology :

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Proto-Germanic: *árxwō/*ar(g)wṓn; *árxwaznō
Meaning: arrow
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: *arhʷazna f. f. (ō) `arrow'
Old Norse: ɔr, gen. ɔrvar f.
Old English: earh, -e f.; arewe, -an f. `arrow'
English: arrow
germet-meaning,germet-prnum,germet-got,germet-onord,germet-oengl,germet-engl,

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Pokorny's dictionary :

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Number: 117
Root: arqu-
English meaning: smth. bent
German meaning: `Gebogenes'
Material: Lat. arcus, -ūs (Stamm lautet auf -qu- aus, vgl. alat. Gen. arquī, ferner argues, arquitenēns) `Bogen', arquātus, arcuātus (morbus) `gelbsüchtig, Gelbsucht', wohl eig. `regenbogenfarbig, grün und gelb aussehend' (vgl. Thes.); arcuātus auch `bogenförmig'; umbr. arc̨lataf `arculatas', wozu v. Planta I 341, Götze IF. 41, 91 (*arkelo- mit Verlust der Labialisation); got. arƕazna f. `Pfeil' (arƕa-zna, vgl. hlaiwazna), altn. ǫr (Gen. ǫrvar) f. `Pfeil', ags. earh f. ds. (engl. arrow), germ. *arhvō.

    Für den Ansatz arqu- (und nicht arqu̯-) würde sprechen russ. rakíta, čech. rokyta, serb. rokita usw. `Haarweide', wo *arqūta (Miklosich EWb. 226, Torbjörnsson BB. 20, 140) zugrunde liegt, und gr. ἄρκευθος `Wacholder', welches Wort mit Lidén IF. 18, 507 mit aller Wahrscheinlichkeit hierzu zu ziehen ist; dazu ἀρκευθίς `Wacholderbeere'. Allerdings nimmt Lidén Verwandtschaft mit gr. ἄρκυς `Netz' (s. Bezzenberger BB. 21, 285) an, wozu man unter ar-1, S. 61 vergleiche.

    Eine andere Verbindung für gr. ἄρκευθος und russ. rakíta usw. sucht Endzelin KZ. 44, 59 ff., der richtiger lett. ẽrcis, ẽcis (*ẽrcis) `Wacholder' vergleicht; ferner ẽrcêties `sichquälen, grämen, streiten', ẽrceša `eine sehr zänkische Person'; lett. ẽrkš(k')is `Dornstrauch' wäre nach Endzelin Mischung von *erkīs und einer dem lit. erškė̃tis `Dornpflanze' wurzelhaftentsprechenden Form; gr. ἀρ- müßte dann Schwundstufe von *er- enthalten. S. unter erk-.

References: WP. I 81, WH. I 64, EM. 69.
Pages: 67-68
PIE database: PIE database
pokorny-root,pokorny-meaning,pokorny-ger_mean,pokorny-material,pokorny-ref,pokorny-pages,pokorny-piet,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *Garḳu
Meaning: to bend
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *arkʷ-
Kartvelian: *ɣreḳ- / ɣriḳ-
Dravidian: *or_-
Chukchee-Kamchatkan: *harъcъŋ-
Comments: Evidence for a root without *G-: Krt. *ark- 'крутить' (8); Alt. *erk`a 'to wrap, tie; lasso' (1153). IE form maybe here; Sem. *`arq- 'sinew, bow-string'. Nivkh. *qori 'накрениться', *χori 'наклонить'.
References: МССНЯ 336, ОСНЯ 1, 240; ND 149 *ʡaŕḲ[u] 'sinew, bow-string'; ND 743 *ɣ[o]rḳo/u 'bend, be bent/crooked' (Kartv., IE, Drav. + Sem.).
nostret-meaning,nostret-prnum,nostret-ier,nostret-kart,nostret-drav,nostret-chuk,nostret-notes,nostret-reference,

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Kartvelian etymology :

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Proto-Kartvelian: *ɣreḳ- / ɣriḳ-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: изгибаться, извиваться
English meaning: to bend, twist
Georgian: ɣreḳ-
Megrel: ɣiraḳ-, ɣir(i)ḳ-
Svan: ɣwreḳ-
Svan meaning (Rus.): наматывать(ся)
Svan meaning (Eng.): to wind around
Laz: ɣriḳ-, ɣliḳ-, ɣweliḳ-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 206, EWK 397. В ОСНЯ 1, 240 сравнивается с ПИЕ *(H)arkʷ- 'изогнутый', с реконструкцией ностр. *Garḳu.
kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-sva,kartet-svmean,kartet-esvmean,kartet-laz,kartet-notes,

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Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-Dravidian : *or_-
Meaning : 1 to bend 2 to fall asleep
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Proto-South Dravidian: *Ur_-aŋ-
Proto-Telugu : *or_-ag-
Proto-Kolami-Gadba : *or-g- (*-r_-)
Proto-Gondi-Kui : *var- (*-r_-)
Notes : Dialectal va- in Gondi.
dravet-meaning,dravet-prnum,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,dravet-koga,dravet-gnd,dravet-notes,

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South Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-South Dravidian : *Ur_-aŋ-
Meaning : to sleep
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : ur_aŋku (ur_aŋki-)
Tamil meaning : to sleep, feel drowsy, be weary
Tamil derivates : ur_aku (ur_aki-) to sleep; ur_akku (ur_akki-) to put to sleep (as a child), weigh down the eyelids as in sleep; ur_akkam, ur_akku sleep, drowsiness, weariness
Malayalam : ur_aŋŋuka
Malayalam meaning : to sleep
Malayalam derivates : ur_akkuka to put to sleep; ur_akkam, ur_akku sleep
Kannada : ur_ugu
Kannada meaning : to be crooked, bent, distorted
Kannada derivates : or_agu, or_aŋgu id., incline, recline, lean upon, lie down, rest, sleep; ur_ugu state of being crooked; or_agu id., cushion to lean the back against
Kodagu : or- (ori-)
Kodagu meaning : to fall asleep
Kodagu derivates : orakɨ sleep
Tulu : oraguni
Tulu meaning : to recline, lean the back against
Tulu derivates : oragụ cushion to lean the back aginst; orduni to bend, bow, lean on one side; orda bent; orva crookedness
Proto-Nilgiri : *or_-ǝg-
Miscellaneous : IRU roŋgu to sleep
Number in DED : 0707
sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-tamder,sdret-mal,sdret-malmean,sdret-malder,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-kander,sdret-kod,sdret-kodmean,sdret-kodder,sdret-tul,sdret-tulmean,sdret-tulder,sdret-kt,sdret-misc,sdret-dednum,

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Nilgiri etymology :

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Proto-Nilgiri : *or_-ǝg-
Meaning : to sleep
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : org- (orgy-)
Toda : war_x- (war_xy-), war_- (war_y-)
Additional forms : Also Kota ork sleep; Toda war_k- (war_ky-) to make to sleep (by lullaby, etc.); war_k sleep
Number in DED : 707
ktet-meaning,ktet-prnum,ktet-kota,ktet-toda,ktet-addition,ktet-dednum,

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Telugu etymology :

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Proto-Telugu : *or_-ag-
Meaning : to bend, bow down, lean, incline, recline; n. slant, inllination; large pillow for reclining on; adj. slanting
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Telugu : or_agu
Dialectal forms (1) : oragu
Additional forms : Also or_ava crooked, bent; oraguḍu slant, incline; oragincu to place in a slanting position; oggu to offer, present, give, lend, yield
Number in DED : 707
telet-meaning,telet-prnum,telet-tel_1,telet-tel_2,telet-addition,telet-dednum,

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Kolami-Gadba etymology :

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Proto-Kolami-Gadba : *or-g- (*-r_-)
Meaning : to lean
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Parji : org-
Number in DED : 707
kogaet-meaning,kogaet-prnum,kogaet-parji,kogaet-dednum,

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Gondwan etymology :

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Proto-Gondi-Kui : *var- (*-r_-)
Meaning : to bend
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Proto-Gondi : *vari- (caus. *var-s-)
gndet-meaning,gndet-prnum,gndet-gon,

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Gondi etymology :

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Proto-Gondi : *vari- (caus. *var-s-)
Meaning : to bend
Gondwan etymology: Gondwan etymology
Seoni Gondi : varah- "to bend (tr.)"
Koya Gondi : urŋg- "to be bent"
Adilabad Gondi : variyānā "to bend (tr.)"
Additional forms : Also Gondi_A (Su.) varī- to bend (intr.); varūs- id. (tr.); Gondi_Ko tr. urh-/uhr-
Number in DED : 707
Number in CVOTGD : 267
gonet-meaning,gonet-prnum,gonet-gondi_s,gonet-gondi_ko,gonet-gondi_a,gonet-addition,gonet-dednum,gonet-voc_num,

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Chukchee-Kamchatkan etymology :

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Proto-Chukchee-Kamchatkan: *piŋe-
Meaning (Rus.): сыпаться; снегопад
Proto-Chukchee-Koryak: *pịŋạ-
Proto-Itelmen: *pi[ŋ]e-
kamet-meaning,kamet-chuk,kamet-itel,

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Chukchee-Koryak etymology :

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Proto-Chukchee-Koryak: *pịŋạ-
Chukchee-Kamchatkan etymology: Chukchee-Kamchatkan etymology
Meaning (Rus.): сыпаться, падать (о снеге) 1, снегопад 2
Chukchee: piŋɛ́-t- 1, piŋɛ́-pi(ŋ) " 2
Koryak: piŋa " (III) 2
Palan: piŋat- 1, 2
Alutor: piŋat-* 1, 2
chuket-prnum,chuket-meaning,chuket-chu,chuket-kor,chuket-pal,chuket-alu,

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Itelmen etymology :

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Proto-Itelmen: *pi[ŋ]e- EA
Chukchee-Kamchatkan etymology: Chukchee-Kamchatkan etymology
Meaning (Rus.): лить, сыпать
West Itelmen: p_nǝtǝ-z 1, nǝ-pǝna-z (nǝ-pǝnǝt-ǝz dur.) 2, 'an-pǝna-z ('an-pǝnat-ǝz dur.) 3, k-in-pinǝ-knin part. pass.) 4
West Itelmen meaning: puverem movere 1, infundere (conspergere) 2, diffundere, fundere 3, effusus 4
West Itelmen meaning (Polish): proszyć 1, nasypywać, nalewać (zaproszyć) 2, rozlewać, rozsypywać (wylać, wysypać) 3, wylany, wysypany 4
Comments: В примерe Дыбовского пропущено p- в слове 'порошить 1', что может быть обусловлено и чисто фонетическими причинами pĭŋe- > pŋe- > ŋe-.
itelet-prnum,itelet-meaning,itelet-wit,itelet-witmea,itelet-witmep,itelet-comments,

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Long-range etymologies :

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Borean (approx.) : KVRKV
Meaning : to bend
Eurasiatic : *Garḳu
Afroasiatic : Eg. `rḳ 'krumm ziehen'; Ar. ɣrḳ 'tendre fortement la corde de l'arc'
Sino-Caucasian : ST *kĭw bend
Austric : PAA *guʔ / *goʔ 'bend, bent', PAN *-kuq 'bend, curve'
Notes : Evidence for a root without *G-: Krt. *ark- 'крутить' (8); Alt. *erk`a 'to wrap, tie; lasso' (1153). IE form maybe here; Sem. *`arq- 'sinew, bow-string'.
globet-meaning,globet-nostr,globet-afas,globet-scc,globet-austr,globet-notes,

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Austric etymology :

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Proto-Austric: *kuʔ
Meaning: bend
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
Proto-Austroasiatic: *guʔ / *goʔ
Austroasiatic meaning: bend, bent
Proto-Austronesian: *-kuq
Austronesian meaning: curved, bent
austr-meaning,austr-prnum,austr-aa,austr-aame,austr-an,austr-anme,

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Austro-Asiatic etymology :

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Proto-Austro-Asiatic: *guʔ / *goʔ
Meaning: bend, bent
Austric etymology: Austric etymology
Proto-Katuic: WK *guʔ
Proto-Bahnaric: WB *goʔ, CǝN-
aaet-meaning,aaet-prnum,aaet-kat,aaet-bah,

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Katuic etymology :

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Proto-Katuic: *guʔ
Meaning: to bend
Presyllable: #
Austro-Asiatic etymology: Austro-Asiatic etymology
Proto-West Katuic: *guʔ
katet-meaning,katet-prpr,katet-prnum,katet-wkat,

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West Katuic etymology :

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Proto-West Katuic: *guʔ
Meaning: to bend
Presyllable: #
Katuic etymology: Katuic etymology
Bru Van Keu: kuʔ
Bru Van Keu meaning: to bend, break
Bru: kuʔ.B
Bru meaning: to bend
wkatet-meaning,wkatet-wpre,wkatet-prnum,wkatet-vkv,wkatet-vkvme,wkatet-bru,wkatet-brume,

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Bahnar etymology :

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Proto-Bahnaric: *goʔ
Meaning: bent, crooked
Austro-Asiatic etymology: Austro-Asiatic etymology
Proto-West Bahnaric: *goʔ, CǝN-
References: TB16.14; TB16.26a
banet-meaning,banet-prnum,banet-web,banet-refer,

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West Bahnaric etymology :

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Proto-West- Bahnaric: *gok, CǝN-
Meaning: bent, crooked
Bahnaric etymology: Bahnaric etymology
Jaru form: ŋgoʔ; ŋoʔ
Juk: goʔ
webet-meaning,webet-prnum,webet-jr,webet-jk,

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