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Germanic etymology :

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Proto-Germanic: *ánid, *ánud; *ánida-z
Meaning: duck
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: ɔnd f. `Ente'
Norwegian: and, önd
Swedish: and
Danish: and
Old English: ened (enid, änid, änit) f. `duck', ened, -es m. `drake'
Old Saxon: anad
Middle Dutch: aent, eent, ent
Dutch: eend f., dial. ant, ent
Middle Low German: ānet, ānt
Old High German: anut (10.Jh.), enita (11.Jh.), anata (10.Jh.), aneta (11.Jh.) { enit, anud, pl. enti (i-St.) }
Middle High German: ant st. m., f. 'enterich, ente', ɛnte wk. f. 'ente'
German: Ente f.
germet-meaning,germet-prnum,germet-onord,germet-norw,germet-swed,germet-dan,germet-oengl,germet-osax,germet-mdutch,germet-dutch,germet-mlg,germet-ohg,germet-mhg,germet-hg,

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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *anǝt-, *nāt-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: duck
Old Greek: nǟ̂ssa, att. nǟ̂tta f. `Ente'
Slavic: *ǭ́tɨ̄, gen. -*ъve; *ǭ́tь; *ǭtīnъ(jь)
Baltic: *an̂t-i- c.
Germanic: *ánid-, *ánud-; *ánid-a- m.
Latin: anas, gen. -itis/-atis, pl. gen. anatum f. `Ente'
Russ. meaning: птица (утка)
References: WP I 60
Comments: Cf. Indoir. reflexes of *ēt-.
piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,piet-comment,

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Vasmer's dictionary :

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Word: у́тка
Near etymology: I, у́тица, собир. утва́, астрах. (РФВ 63, 132), укр. у́тиця, блр. уць ж., у́цíца, др.-русск. уты, род. п. -ъве, утица, цслав. ѫты, сербохорв. у̏тва, словен. о̣̑tvа, н.-луж. huśica "утка", huśe, род. п. huśeśa "утенок".
Further etymology: Праслав. *ǫtь или ǫty, род. п. ǫtъve, родственно лит. ántis "утка", др.-прусск. antis, др.-инд. ātíṣ "водяная птица", лат. аnаs, род. п. anatis, д.-в.-н. anut "утка", греч. νῆσσα, беот. νᾶσσα, атт. νῆττα; см. И. Шмидт, KZ 23, 268 и сл.; Мейе, МSL 8, 236; Мейе--Вайан 163; Траутман, ВSW 10: Суолахти, Vogeln. 420; Вальде -- Гофм. I, 44. Ср. Уть -- левый приток Сожа, в [бывш.] Могилевск. губ.: *ǫtь, лит. ántis, *ǫtъka: лит. antuka "кулик", añtukas "Sахiсоlа oenanthes" (см. Буга, РФВ 72, 202), прилаг. *ǫtinъ, русск. ути́ный: лат. anatīnus -- то же. Крик утки Лесков ("Соборяне") передает как купи коты, купи коты.
Trubachev's comments: [Сюда же осет. асс, др.-ир. *āti "дикая утка". Интересно, что домашняя утка обозначается по-осетински тюрк. заимствованием: babyz. См. Абаев, Ист.-этимол. словарь, I, стр. 27. -- Т.]
Pages: 4,174
vasmer-general,vasmer-origin,vasmer-trubachev,vasmer-pages,

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Baltic etymology :

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Proto-Baltic: *an̂t-i- c.
Meaning: duck
Indo-European etymology: Indo-European etymology
Lithuanian: ánti-s `Ente'; ? antuka 'Scnepfe', añtuka-s 'saxicola, oenanthe, wheat ear, Weisskehlchen', dial. intuka-s, antika-s 'Steinschmätzer, Steinschnäpper'
Old Prussian: antis `Ente' V. 720
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Pokorny's dictionary :

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Number: 83
Root: anǝt-
English meaning: duck
German meaning: `Ente'
Material: Ai. ātí-ḥ ātī f. `Wasservogel' (oder zu aisl. ǣðr, nschwed. åda f. `Eidergans' aus germ. *ādī- ?); gr. νη̃σσα, böot. να̃σσα (*νᾱτι̯ᾱ ai. ātí-) `Ente';

    lat. anas f. (Akk. anatem und anitem: G. Pl. auch -tium) `Ente', germ. *anud- und *anid- in ahd. enit, anut, NPl. enti, as. anad, ags. æned, aisl. ǫnd, nhd. `Ente'; balto-slav. *ānt- aus *anǝt- in lit. ántis, apr. antis, ursl. *ǫty, serb. ȕtva, aruss. utovь (Akk.), klr. utjá `Ente'.

    Lat. anatīna (scil. caro) `Entenfleisch': lit. antíena ds.

References: WP. I 60, WH. I 44, Trautmann 10.
Pages: 41-42
PIE database: PIE database
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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *aŋVTV
Meaning: duck
Indo-European: *anat-, *nāt-
Altaic: *ăŋatV
Uralic: *aŋV
Dravidian: ? SDR. vantānam 'a k. of heron' (DEDR 5238) (or SDR *anr_Vl- 'a k. of bird', DEDR 331)
References: ND 809 *HaN[g]V(ṭV) 'duck'.
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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *ăŋatV
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: a k. of duck
Russian meaning: вид утки
Turkic: *Ăŋ(k)ɨt
Mongolian: *aŋgir
Tungus-Manchu: *andi
Japanese: *anti
Comments: АПиПЯЯ 71, Лексика 172. Cf. also Mong. aŋgat 'аркалик (птица)' ( < Turk.); but for *aŋgir borrowing is hardly possible, despite TMN 2, 130, Щербак 1997, 192. Mong. -r here requires an explanation: it is most probably a result of reinterpreting the original *aŋgid as a plural form and rebuilding a new singular *aŋgir (cf. *nökör - *nököd etc.). The word is widely spread in Siberian languages, see Аникин 70.
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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *Ăŋ(k)ɨt
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: wild duck
Russian meaning: дикая утка
Old Turkic: aŋɨt (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: aŋɨt (MK)
Turkish: angut 'огарь', ankɨt (dial.)
Middle Turkic: anqud (Sngl)
Uzbek: anɣirt 'red duck'
Sary-Yughur: aŋɨt
Azerbaidzhan: anGut-boGaz 'длинношеий'
Turkmen: aŋk 'red duck'
Khakassian: āt
Karaim: anqɨt, ankit 'ostrich, vulture, dragon'
Kumyk: haŋqut
Comments: VEWT 21, Лексика 172. Doerfer's (TMN 2, 129) PT *aŋgɨrt is a quite artificial construct: it is based on occasional modern forms (like Uzb. aŋɣirt) which reflect a contamination of *aŋɨt and the borrowed Mong. aŋɣɨr (with the influence of aŋgɨrt 'careless'). All old sources (see EDT 176) reflect only *aŋɨt. (Yak. ńɨntāla 'горбоносый турпан' (Пек.), despite VEWT, < Evk. niltalbuki 'a black duck with white head, from nilta- 'to loose hair', lit. 'bald bird' ТМС I 593; annɨ, andɨ < TM *andi; anńa, anńarɨjar dial. 'a k. of sea bird, морянка' (ДСЯЯ 48) < Mong. aŋgir).
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-krmx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *aŋgir
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: scoter
Russian meaning: турпан
Written Mongolian: aŋɣir (L 44-45: "a k. of yellow duck")
Middle Mongolian: aŋgir (SH)
Khalkha: angir
Buriat: angir
Kalmuck: äŋgṛ
Ordos: ?aŋgir 'yellow'
Comments: KW 23. Mong. > Evk. aŋir etc., see Doerfer MT 68; > Yak. aŋɨr 'выпь', Oyr. aŋɨr 'варнавка', Tuva aŋgɨr, Kirgh. aŋɣar etc. (despite TMN 2, 129 those forms cannot go back to *aŋgɨrt and must be recognized as borrowings). It is also interesting to note WMong. aǯir, Khalkha aǯir 'teal, Anas crecca' (L 62), possibly < *adir < *aŋdir, with a different (old dialectal?) development of the medial cluster.
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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *andi
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: scoter, a k. of duck
Russian meaning: турпан, утка-чернеть
Evenki: anni, andi, ende
Negidal: anị
Nanai: āni, āŋgi (Он.) 'diver'
Comments: ТМС 1, 43; 2, 453.
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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *anti
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: a k. of duck
Russian meaning: вид утки
Old Japanese: adi
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Uralic etymology :

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Number: 20
Proto: *aŋV
> Nostratic: > Nostratic
English meaning: polar duck
German meaning: Schneehuhn, Eisente, Polarente; Harelda glacialis, Anas hiemalis
Saam (Lapp): hâŋ'ŋa -ŋŋ- ~ hâŋ'ŋja 'long-tailed duck, Harelda glacialis' (N), haŋŋā ~ haŋŋēk ~ haŋŋōk 'Eisente; Harelda hiemalis' (L), aŋŋalagges, haŋŋalikka, angalok (N Friis), aŋ̀ŋ-лon̨̄dE (Kld.), aŋ̀ŋa-лo̮D̨̀t̨E (Ko. Not.), aŋ̀ŋa-lo̮D̨D̨E (P) 'Polarente (Harelda)', aŋŋàlahka 'zahme Ente' (Malå) ( > Finn. dial. hankelas, hankelo, hankilo 'Eisente, Winterente (Fuligula glacialis); Stockente (Anas boschas)')
Khanty (Ostyak): i̮ŋk (V), eŋχ (DN) 'Schneehuhn, Rebhuhn [?]'
Mansi (Vogul): ǟŋghā̊ (T), øŋkhė (K) 'Schneehuhn', āŋkǝ (P) 'id., Rebhuhn', ē̮ŋkǝ (KM) 'Schneehuhn'
Nenets (Yurak): ŋāŋū 'Eisente, Polarente; Anas hiemalis'
Enets (Yen): ŋau 'Ente'
Nganasan (Tawgi): ŋaŋod́a 'Ente'
Selkup: uu (Ta. Ke.), uu, ú (N) 'Schneehuhn'
Kamass: uŋa 'Rebhuhn'
Addenda: Koib. angat 'Anas rutila'; Karag. onhò 'Tetrao lagopus'
References: FUV; SKES; DEWO 134
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