Change viewing parameters
Select another database

Baltic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Baltic: *tar̃- (*tar-ja-/*tar-a-) vb., *tar-ī̂- vb., *tar̃-t-i- f., etc.
Meaning: say, tell
Indo-European etymology: Indo-European etymology
Lithuanian: tar̃ti, tãria, žem. tãra (see Jušk. atitárti), 2 sg. fut. tar̃si = tar̃tum 'sagen, aussprechen; (+ Dat.) begleiten; glauben, im Glauben sein; meinen', nordöstlith. tárti; tãrti-s 'sich besprechen, sich beraten, sich verabreden, verhandeln; annehmen, glauben, erwarten', ap-tar̃ti 'besprechen; verleumden, verdächtigen', įtar̃ti '(be)argwöhnen, Verdacht hegen, verdächtigen', usw.; tarìma-s 'Sagen, Aussprache, Beschluss, Folgerung, Urteil, Vermutung'; tartì-s 'Aussprache' [nach Frenkel ist eine Neubildung zu tarī́ti]; tarī́ti, tãria/nord-, westlit. tãrō, praet. tãriō 'sagen, aussprechen; (+Dat) begleiten (z. B. beim Spielen, Singen); meinen', tarī́ba 'Rat, Beratung'; tarmē̃ 'etw. Gesagtes, Aussprache, Sprache; Dialekt'; tar̃tum, tarī̃tum, tarī́tum 'man könnte, sagen; wie, als ob, gleichwie' (2 sg. opt. zu tar̃ti/tarī́ti)
Lettish: tãrmasa 'Geschwätz, Faselei', terêt (-ẽju) 'schwatzen', terinât 'viel sprechen, schwatzen'; ter̂telêt (-ẽju) 'schnell sprechen, schwatzen', tir̨at (-ãju) 'viel und laut reden, lärmen'
Old Prussian: tārin 'Stimme', ettrāi `antworten', inf. attrāwei (< balt. *trāi̯ō-)
baltet-meaning,baltet-prnum,baltet-lith,baltet-lett,baltet-oprus,

Search within this database


Indo-European etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-IE: *tar-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to say, to shout
Hittite: tar- (I) 'sagen, nennen', darija- (I) 'anreden, anrufen, nennen' (Friedrich 212, 213)
Tokharian: B tär- 'plead, implore' (Adams 293)
Old Indian: tārá- 'high, loud, shrill'
Armenian: thrthrak 'good speaker'
Old Greek: toró- `laut, gellend, vernehmbar, deutlich'; fut. tetorḗsō (Ar.) ''to proclaim in shrill piercing voice'
Slavic: *tortorītī; *tortorъ, *tъrtorъ
Baltic: *tar̃- (*tar-ja-/*tar-a-) vb., *tar-ī̂- vb., *tar̃-t-i- f., etc.
Celtic: MIr tairm 'Lärm'; Cymr twrf 'stir, tumult'
Russ. meaning: говорить, шуметь
References: WP I 744
piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-hitt,piet-tokh,piet-ind,piet-arm,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,

Search within this database


Vasmer's dictionary :

Search within this database
Word: торото́рить,
Near etymology: тарато́рить, тарато́ра м. "болтун", блр. тарато́рыць, цслав. тръторъ "sonus", сербохорв. тр̀тосити "быстро трещать, болтать", словен. trtráti, trtrȃm "шуметь, бормотать", чеш. trátořiti "много болтать", слвц. trátоrit᾽; см. Торбьёрнссон 2, 86 и сл.
Further etymology: Праслав. *tortoriti, редуплицированное образование, ср. лит. tar̃ti, tariù "говорю", также tarýti, taraũ -- то же, др.-прусск. tārin, вин. ед. ч. "голос", лтш. târlât "болтать, нести чушь", terêt, ter̂telêt "болтать" (*ter̂terêt), греч. τορός "пронзительный, громкий", τετορήσω "произнесу громко и отчетливо", др.-инд. tārás "резкий, пронзительный", ирл. torann "гром"; см. Бецценбергер у Стокса 133; Траутман, ВSW 314; Арr. Sprd. 446; Ягич, AfslPh 2, 398; М. -- Э. 4, 149, 167; Петерссон, ArArm. Stud. 100; Погодин, РФВ 32, 272 и сл.; 39, I и сл. Ср. звукоподражания у Гоголя: тара, тара! тарата татата, а также русск. тарару́й "болтун", тарару́са, тараша́ -- то же, далее укр. теркота́ти "греметь", терли́кати "щебетать". Ср. тор I.
Trubachev's comments: [См. еще Отрембский, Езиков.-етногр. изследв. Романски, София, 1960, стр. 72. -- Т.]
Pages: 4,86-87
vasmer-general,vasmer-origin,vasmer-trubachev,vasmer-pages,

Search within this database


Pokorny's dictionary :

Search within this database
Number: 2023
Root: tor-, toro-s
English meaning: loud, distinct
German meaning: `laut, vernehmlich'
General comments: alte Abzweigung in der Bed. `durchdringend, gellend' von *torós `durchdringend', s. *ter-4 `hinübergelangen, hindurchdringen'
Material: Ai. tārá- `durchdringend, gellend'; gr. τορός `durchdringend, laut, vernehmlich' (auch `schnell, flink', vgl. ai. tarás Adj. `rasch, durchdringend' unter *ter- `hinübergelangen'), τετορήσω `werde laut und deutlich sagen';

    mir. torm, toirm n., jünger f. `Lärm' (*tor-smn̥), ir. torann `Donner', cymr. taran, acorn. taran, bret. taran ds., gall. Taranis GN.;

    lit. tariù, tar̃ti und taraũ, tarýti `sagen', tarmė̃ `Ausspruch', apr. tārin Akk. Sg. `Stimme', ettrāi, Inf. attrātwei `antworten' (formell wie ai. trā-ti `rettet': tiráti); slav. tortoriti in čech. tratořiti, russ. torotóritь `schwatzen', schwundstufig redupl. aksl. trъtorъ `sonus';

    arm. t`rt`rak `good speaker', wenn aus *t`urt`urak, idg. *tortoro-;

    hitt. tar- `sagen, nennen'.

References: WP. II 744, WH. II 677, Trautmann 126, Vasmer 3, 126 f., Mayrhofer 1, 497;
See also: vgl. tet(e)r- S. 1079.
Pages: 1088-1089
PIE database: PIE database
pokorny-root,pokorny-meaning,pokorny-ger_mean,pokorny-comments,pokorny-material,pokorny-ref,pokorny-seealso,pokorny-pages,pokorny-piet,

Search within this database


Nostratic etymology :

Search within this database
Eurasiatic: *ṭVrV
Meaning: to speak, curse, fight
Indo-European: *ter-
Altaic: *t`i̯ăru
Uralic: *torV
Dravidian: *toṛ- (?)
nostret-meaning,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,nostret-drav,

Search within this database


Altaic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Altaic: *t`i̯ăru
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to curse
Russian meaning: ругать
Turkic: *Tẹrk-
Mongolian: *tarki-
Tungus-Manchu: *turē-
Comments: A Western isogloss.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-reference,

Search within this database


Turkic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Turkic: *Tẹrk-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to curse, despise
Russian meaning: упрекать, ругать
Tatar: tirgɛ-
Middle Turkic: te/irke- (Pav. C.)
Uzbek: terga-
Uighur: tärgi-
Yakut: tirē- 'to threaten'
Bashkir: tirgä-
Comments: VEWT 481.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-jak,turcet-bas,turcet-reference,

Search within this database


Mongolian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Mongolian: *tarki-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to curse
Russian meaning: ругать, браниться
Written Mongolian: tarki-da- (МХТТТ)
Khalkha: tarxida-
Dagur: tareke- 'fight' (MD 221)
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-dag,

Search within this database


Tungus etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *turē-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to curse; to speak
Russian meaning: бранить, ругать; говорить
Evenki: turē-
Even: tȫre-
Negidal: tūjē-
Solon: tūrē-
Comments: ТМС 2,222.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-neg,tunget-sol,tunget-reference,

Search within this database


Uralic etymology :

Search within this database
Number: 1080
Proto: *torV
> Nostratic: > Nostratic
English meaning: struggle, fight
German meaning: Streit, Ringen; streiten, ringen
Finnish: tora 'Streit, Zank', toru- 'schelten, zanken'
Estonian: tõra 'Aufruhr, Zank, Streit'
Saam (Lapp): doarro -r- (N) 'fight, battle, struggle', doarro- -r- 'strike with the horns, butt; fight', tā̊rrō (L) 'Krieg, Kampf, Schlägerei', tā̊rrō- 'kämpfen, kriegen; stoßen', toarra (T) 'Zank, Streit, Krieg', toarra- (T), toarre- (Kld. Not.) 'streiten'
Mordovian: tuŕe-, t́uŕe- (E), t́uŕe- (M) 'kämpfen, sich balgen, sich schlagen'
Mari (Cheremis): torle- (KB) 'rügen, schelten'
Komi (Zyrian): (durski̮- (S, V) 'schimpfen, schelten' - rejected by Redei)
Hungarian: dorgál- 'rügen, tadeln, schelten' ?
Nenets (Yurak): tāro (O) 'Ringen', tāro- (O) 'ringen'
Enets (Yen): taruŋa- (Ch. B)
Nganasan (Tawgi): torātu-
Selkup: tjaar (Ke. Čl.) 'Streit'
Janhunen's version: (32) *tora
Sammalahti's version: *tora
Addenda: Mot. тороны 'борюся'; (Хелимский СФУ 12: 117, No.35) Sk (Taz) torä, tora 'беда', toräsǝmǝl', torasǝmǝl' 'драчливый, сварливый'
uralet-proto,uralet-prnum,uralet-meaning,uralet-germmean,uralet-fin,uralet-est,uralet-saa,uralet-mrd,uralet-mar,uralet-kom,uralet-ugr,uralet-nen,uralet-enc,uralet-nga,uralet-slk,uralet-janh,uralet-samm2,uralet-add,

Search within this database


Dravidian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Dravidian : *toẓ-
Meaning : to worship
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Proto-South Dravidian: *toẓ-
Proto-Gondi-Kui : *Toṛ-
dravet-meaning,dravet-prnum,dravet-sdr,dravet-gnd,

Search within this database


South Dravidian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-South Dravidian : *toẓ-
Meaning : to worship; to salute
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : toẓu (-v-, -t-)
Tamil meaning : to worship, adore, pay homage to
Tamil derivates : toẓukai worshipping, adoration, prayer; toẓuvu worshipping, adoration
Malayalam : toẓuka
Malayalam meaning : to salute by joining the hands, acknowledge superiority
Kannada : tuẓil
Kannada meaning : salutation, obeisance, bow
Kodagu : to- (topp-, tott-)
Kodagu meaning : to salute
Tulu : turli
Tulu meaning : obeisance
Tulu derivates : (?) solma, solmè salutation
Notes : Tulu solma hardly belongs here - primarily because *-ṛ- > never -l- in Tulu.
Number in DED : 3525
sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-tamder,sdret-mal,sdret-malmean,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-kod,sdret-kodmean,sdret-tul,sdret-tulmean,sdret-tulder,sdret-notes,sdret-dednum,

Search within this database


Gondwan etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Gondi-Kui : *Toṛ-
Meaning : to bow
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Proto-Gondi : *doṛi-
Proto-Pengo-Manda : *ṭoḍ-
gndet-meaning,gndet-prnum,gndet-gon,gndet-pem,

Search within this database


Gondi etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Gondi : *doṛi-
Meaning : to bow
Gondwan etymology: Gondwan etymology
Muria Gondi : doṛī-
Number in DED : 3525
Number in CVOTGD : 1902
gonet-meaning,gonet-prnum,gonet-gondi_mu,gonet-dednum,gonet-voc_num,

Search within this database


Pengo-Manda etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Pengo-Manda : *ṭoḍ-
Meaning : to bow
Gondwan etymology: Gondwan etymology
Pengo : ṭoḍ- (ṭoṭt-)
Manda : ṭuḍ- "to bow head"
Number in DED : 3525
pemet-meaning,pemet-prnum,pemet-pengo,pemet-manda,pemet-dednum,

Search within this database

Select another database
Change viewing parameters
Total pages generatedPages generated by this script
6660211857215
Help
StarLing database serverPowered byCGI scripts
Copyright 1998-2003 by S. StarostinCopyright 1998-2003 by G. Bronnikov
Copyright 2005-2014 by Phil Krylov