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Baltic etymology :

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Proto-Baltic: *aš-i- f.
Meaning: axle
Indo-European etymology: Indo-European etymology
Lithuanian: ašì-s, ešì-s `Achse; Klafter'
Lettish: ass (gen. -s) 'die Achse des Rades der Spule; der Faden, die Klafter'
Old Prussian: assis f. `(Wagen)achse' V.298
baltet-meaning,baltet-prnum,baltet-lith,baltet-lett,baltet-oprus,

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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *ak's-
Meaning: axle
Old Indian: ákṣa- m. `axle, axis'
Old Greek: áksōn, -onos m. `Radachse, Achse', hám-aksa f. `(vierrädriger Last)wagen'
Slavic: *osь
Baltic: *aš-i- f.
Germanic: *axs-ul-a- m., *axs-ō f.
Latin: axis, -is m. `Achse am Wagen, Wagen, Erdachse, Pol, Himmel'
Celtic: *aksi- > Ir ais `Karren, Wagen'; *aksilā > Cymr echel f., Bret ahel `Achse'
Russ. meaning: ось
References: WP I 37
piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,

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Vasmer's dictionary :

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Word: ось
Near etymology: I, ж., род. п. о́си, местн. п. на оси́, укр. вiсь, род. п. во́си, блр. вось, др.-русск., цслав. ось ἄξων, болг. ос, сербохорв. о̑с, словен. о̑s, род. п. osȋ, чеш., слвц. оs, польск. оś, в.-луж. wóska, н.-луж. wós, полаб. vüs (Долобко, ZfslPh 3, 131).
Further etymology: Родственно лит. аšìs "ось", лтш. ass, др.-прусск. assis, др.-инд. ákṣas м., авест. аšа-, лат. ахis, ирл. aiss "повозка", греч. ἄξων "ось", д.-в.-н. ahsa ж. "ось", см. Траутман, ВSW 14 и сл.; Арr. Sprd. 305; М.--Э. 1, 145; Педерсен, Kelt. Gr. 1, 78; IF 5, 58; Мейе, ВSL 25, 144. Первонач., вероятно, атематическая основа.
Pages: 3,167-168
vasmer-general,vasmer-origin,vasmer-pages,

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Germanic etymology :

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Proto-Germanic: *axsula-z; *axsō
Meaning: axis
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: ɔxul-l m. `Achse'
Swedish: axel
Danish: aksel
Old English: eax (ex, äx), -e f. `an axis, axle-tree'
English: [ axle < NGerm ]
Old Frisian: axe
Old Saxon: ahsa
Middle Dutch: asse
Dutch: as f., m.
Middle Low German: asse
Old High German: ahsa (um 800)
Middle High German: ahse st. f. 'achse'
German: Achse f.
germet-meaning,germet-prnum,germet-onord,germet-swed,germet-dan,germet-oengl,germet-engl,germet-ofris,germet-osax,germet-mdutch,germet-dutch,germet-mlg,germet-ohg,germet-mhg,germet-hg,

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