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Long-range etymologies :

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Borean (approx.) : TVKV
Meaning : tie, weave
Eurasiatic : *tVḳV
Sino-Caucasian : ST *tǝk weave
Austric : *tVk
Amerind (misc.) : *taḳ 'tie; attach' (R 764)
Notes : ST may be < AA.
Reference : Peiros 1989, 128.
globet-meaning,globet-nostr,globet-scc,globet-austr,globet-amer,globet-notes,globet-reference,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *tVḳV
Meaning: twist, weave
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *tek-, *tekVs-
Altaic: *tok`V ( ~ -k-)
Uralic: *tokV-rV ~ *tokrV
Dravidian: *dugVl-
References: МССНЯ 354; ND 2410 *ṭo[q̇]a 'to plait, ?bend' (Alt, IE, Drav + dub. Svan + WChad.).
nostret-meaning,nostret-prnum,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,nostret-drav,nostret-reference,

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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *tek-, *tekVs-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to weave
Old Indian: ? takmán- m. 'a disease accompanied by skin-eruptions'
Other Iranian: Osset taxun `weben', an-dax `Faden'
Armenian: thekhem `drehe, flechte, wickle', thiur `gedreht'
Slavic: ? *tъkā́tī, *tъ̃kǭ; *tъčь, *tъčjā
Baltic: *takiš-ia- c., -a- c., *tak-ia- c., *tak-iā̃ f.
Germanic: *ɵax-t-u- c.; *ɵēx=, *ɵōx=
Latin: texō, -ere, texuī, textum `weben, flechten; bauen, zimmern, kunstvoll erbauen'; textum, -ī n. `Gewebe', textum, -ūs m. `Gewebe, Zusammenhang'; tēla f. `Gewebe'; subtīlis, -e `fein, feinfühlig, feinsinnig; genau, scharfsinnig; schlicht, einfach'; subtēmen `Einschlag im Gewebe; Garn, Faden'
Russ. meaning: ткать
References: WP I 716 f (different in Pok. and Vasm.)
piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-iran,piet-arm,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,

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Vasmer's dictionary :

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Word: ткать,
Near etymology: тку, укр. тка́ти, тчу, др.-русск. тъкати, тъку, ст.-слав. тъкати, тъкѫ ὑφαίνειν (Супр.), болг. тъка́, сербохорв. тка̏ти, тче̑м, словен. tkáti, tčèm, tkȃm, чеш. tkáti, tku, слвц. tkаt᾽, польск. tkać, tkę, в.-луж. tkać, н.-луж. tkaś. Связано с ткнуть, ткну, ты́кать, итер., укр. ткну́ти, русск.-цслав. истъкнѫти "еffоdеrе", словен. tǝkníti, táknem "касаться", чеш. tknouti "ткнуть, кольнуть", польск. tkać, tḱam "пихать", н.-луж. tkaś -- то же. Др. ступень чередования: ты́кать (см.).
Further etymology: Праслав. *tъkati родственно лтш. tukstêt, -u, -ẽju "стучать, колотить", taucêt, -ẽju "толочь в ступе", греч. τύκος м. "молот, долото", τυκίζω "отесываю камни", др.-ирл. toll "полый" (*tukslo-; см. Стокс 134), англос. đýn, đýan "давить, жать, толкать", д.-в.-н. dûhen "придавливать"; см. Траутман, ВSW 331; Хольтхаузен, Aengl. Wb. 374; Цупица, GG. 141; Гофман, Gr. Wb. 377; М. -- Э. 4, 135, 255. По мнению Миклошича (см. Мi. ЕW 367 и сл.), слова со знач. "ткать" следует отделять от слов со знач. "колоть, тыкать". Ср. также пото́к II.
Pages: 4,64
vasmer-general,vasmer-origin,vasmer-pages,

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Baltic etymology :

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Proto-Baltic: *takiš-ia- c., -a- c., *tak-ia- c., *tak-iā̃ f.
Indo-European etymology: Indo-European etymology
Lithuanian: takišī̃-s (žem.) 'Fischzaun, -wehr', takiša-s 'Fischzaun, Lachswehr'
Lettish: tacis, tace 'Fischwehr'
Old Prussian: takes 'Wehr, Querdamm an der Mühe, um Wasser zu stauen'
baltet-prnum,baltet-lith,baltet-lett,baltet-oprus,

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Germanic etymology :

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Proto-Germanic: *ɵaxtu-z; *ɵēx=, *ɵōx=
Meaning: thread, wire
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: ɵātt-r m. `Draht, Faden, Docht; Abschnitt, Teil'
Norwegian: tɔtt
Swedish: tɔt `Draht', tɔtte `Wollflocke'
Danish: tot `Flachsbüschel'
Middle Low German: dacht, decht `Docht'
Old High German: tāht `Docht, Schnur' (10.Jh.)
Middle High German: tāht st. m., n., f. 'docht'
German: Docht m.; schweiz. dǟgel, dohe, bair. dāhen, esäss. dōche `Docht'
germet-meaning,germet-prnum,germet-onord,germet-norw,germet-swed,germet-dan,germet-mlg,germet-ohg,germet-mhg,germet-hg,

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Pokorny's dictionary :

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Number: 1971
Root: tek̂þ-
English meaning: to plait; woodwork; carpenter
German meaning: `flechten, das Holzwerk des geflochtenen Hauses zusammenfügen'
Derivatives: tek̂þ-to- `gezimmert', tek̂þ-tā- `Schale', tek̂þ-lā- `Axt', tek̂þ-on-, tek̂þ-tor- `Zimmermann'
Material: Ai. takṣati `behaut, bearbeitet, zimmert, verfertigt', dehnstufig tā́ṣṭi ds., Partiz. taṣṭá-, av. tašta- und tāšta-; auch tašta- n. `Tasse, Schale'; ai. tákṣaṇ- m. `Zimmermann' (= av. tašan- `Bildner, Schöpfer', gr. τέκτων), fem. takṣṇī́ (: gr. τέκταινα), táṣṭar- `Zimmermann' (vgl. lat.textor `Weber');

    av. tašaiti `zimmert, schneidet zu, verfertigt', taša- m. `Axt', np. taš ds., mp. tāšīδan `zimmern', ар. us-tašanā `Treppenhaus' (*`Aufbau');

    gr. τέκτων `Zimmermann', fem. τέκταινα, τέκμαρ, -ωρ `Zeichen', τέχνη `Handwerk, Kunst, List' (*τεξνᾱ aus älterem *τεκτ[ε]σνᾱ);

    lat. texō, -ere, -ui -tum `flechten, weben', gelegentlich `bauen', textor, -ōris `Weber'; tēla `Gewebe' (*tek̂slā = slav. tesla, ahd. dehsala), subtīlis (*-texlis) `fein, dünn, zart; feinfühlig, scharfsinnig', subtēmen `Einschlag, Eintrag im Gewebe; Gewebe'; testa f. `Platte, Scherbe, Schale', davon testūdō `Schildkröte' (vgl. oben av. tašta-), vielleicht auch tēlum `Fernwaffe, Wurfgeschoß' (als `kundig zugeschnitzt, gearbeitet');

    air. tāl `Axt' (*tōkslo-);

    ahd. dehsa, dehsala `Queraxt, Beil, Hacke', aisl. þexla f. `Queraxt'; mhd. dehsen `Flachs brechen', dehse `Spindel', ags. ðeox `Speer'; germ. *þahsu- in ahd. dahs, norw. svin-toks `Dachs';

    lit. tašaũ -ýti `behauen' (ursprüngl. Iterativ); lett. tešu (*teksi̯ō) und tèšu (*tēksi̯ō), testund tèst `behauen'; aksl. tešǫ, tesati `behauen', russ.-ksl. tesla `Axt', čech. tes `Zimmerholz', russ. tës `gesägte Bretter';

    hitt. takš-, takkeš- `zusammenfügen, unternehmen'.

References: WP. I 717, WH. II 655, 656, 678 f., Trautmann 319 f., Vasmer 3, 99 f., Mayrhofer 468, 491, Durante, Ricerche lingu. 1, 234 ff., Pedersen Hittitisch 141 Anm. 1; Specht Idg. Dekl. 239 f., Leumann Kratylos 1, 29.
Pages: 1058-1059
PIE database: PIE database
pokorny-root,pokorny-meaning,pokorny-ger_mean,pokorny-derivative,pokorny-material,pokorny-ref,pokorny-pages,pokorny-piet,

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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *tok`V ( ~ -k-)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to plait, weave
Russian meaning: плести, ткать
Turkic: *doku-
Tungus-Manchu: *duKu-
Korean: *tàh-, *th-ɨ̀r-
Comments: Дыбо 15.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *doku-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to weave
Russian meaning: ткать
Old Turkic: toqu- (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: toqu- (MK)
Turkish: doku-
Tatar: tuqɨ-
Middle Turkic: toqu- (Sangl.)
Uzbek: tọqi-
Uighur: toqu-
Sary-Yughur: toqɨ-
Azerbaidzhan: toxu-
Turkmen: doqa-
Halaj: toqu-
Kirghiz: toqu-
Kazakh: toqɨ-
Noghai: toqɨ-
Bashkir: tuqɨ-
Balkar: ? toɣustun 'назв. дерева, из кот. делают челноки'
Gagauz: doqu-
Karaim: toxɨ-
Karakalpak: toqɨ-
Comments: VEWT 484-5, EDT 467, ЭСТЯ 3, 253-254 (to distinguish from *tokɨ- 'to beat'), Лексика 395. Turk. > WMong. toki-, Kalm. tokǝ- 'to plait' (KW 398).
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-khal,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *duKu-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to strand, plait
Russian meaning: вить (веревку)
Negidal: dukte-
Ulcha: dū-
Nanai: dū-
Comments: ТМС 1, 220-221.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-neg,tunget-ulc,tunget-nan,tunget-reference,

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Korean etymology :

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Proto-Korean: *tàh-, *th-ɨ̀r-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to plait, weave 2 to twist, wind
Russian meaning: 1 плести, ткать 2 крутить, вить
Modern Korean: t:a- [t:ah-] 1, thɨl- 2
Middle Korean: tàh- 1, thɨ̀r- 2
Comments: Nam 145, Liu 718, KED 418, 1724.
koret-prnum,koret-meaning,koret-rusmean,koret-phn,koret-ako,koret-reference,

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Uralic etymology :

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Number: 1669
Proto: *tokV-rV ~ *tokrV
> Nostratic: > Nostratic
English meaning: cloth
German meaning: Leinwand
Mari (Cheremis): tǝ̑ɣǝ̑r (KB), tuwǝ̑r (U), tuwur (B) 'Hemd'
Udmurt (Votyak): dera (S G), dira (K) 'Leinwand', derem (S K G) 'Hemd'
Komi (Zyrian): de̮ra (S P) '(grobe) Leinwand', dȯ.ra (PO) 'Leinwand', de̮re̮m (S) 'Hemd'
uralet-proto,uralet-prnum,uralet-meaning,uralet-germmean,uralet-mar,uralet-udm,uralet-kom,

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Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-Dravidian : *dugVl-
Meaning : cloth
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Proto-South Dravidian: *dugVl-
dravet-meaning,dravet-prnum,dravet-sdr,

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South Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-South Dravidian : *dugVl-
Meaning : cloth, silk
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : tukil, tuyil
Tamil meaning : fine cloth, rich attire
Malayalam : tukil, tuyil
Malayalam meaning : cloth, dress
Kannada : dukula, dugula, dukūla
Kannada meaning : woven silk, very fine cloth or raiment
Number in DED : 3285
sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-mal,sdret-malmean,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-dednum,

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Austric etymology :

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Proto-Austric: *tVk
Meaning: plait, tie
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
Proto-Austroasiatic: tVk
Austroasiatic meaning: tie, knot
Proto-Austronesian: *tik
Austronesian meaning: to plait (as a mat)
austr-meaning,austr-prnum,austr-aa,austr-aame,austr-an,austr-anme,

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Austro-Asiatic etymology :

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Proto-Austro-Asiatic: tVk
Meaning: tie, knot
Austric etymology: Austric etymology
Khmer: duk < OK duk
Proto-Monic: *dak
aaet-meaning,aaet-prnum,aaet-kmr,aaet-mon,

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Khmer etymology :

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Khmer: duk
Meaning: to set (in place), put, leave; phduk to load
Austro-Asiatic etymology: Austro-Asiatic etymology
Old Khmer: duk
Old Khmer Meaning: to set, put together, bind
References: P252, JP144-5
kmret-meaning,kmret-prnum,kmret-okh,kmret-okmean,kmret-ref,

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Monic etymology :

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Proto-Monic: *dak
Meaning: to tie, tether, link
Presyllable: #
Austro-Asiatic etymology: Austro-Asiatic etymology
Modern Mon: dak
Old Mon: dak
Middle Mon: dak
Nyakur: thak.B
Nyakur meaning: to tie a bundle
References: V30; S-185
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