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Nakh etymology :

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Proto-Nakh: *psṭu
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: bull
Chechen: stu
Ingush: ust
Batsbi: psṭu
Comments: Ing. has a secondary prothesis (ust < *u-sṭu). Obl. base *psṭare- (cf. Chech. stera-, Ing. istar-o, Bacb. psṭari-). 6th class in all languages. The same historical root (with loss of *p-) is present in the compound *sṭ-aḳ "man, person" q.v.
nakhet-prnum,nakhet-meaning,nakhet-che,nakhet-ing,nakhet-bcb,nakhet-comment,

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North Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-North Caucasian: *ćwĭjo
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: man, male
Proto-Nakh: *psṭu
Proto-Avaro-Andian: *čVjV
Proto-Tsezian: *ži-ḳʷǝ A/*zi-ḳʷǝ A
Proto-Lak: čuw
Proto-Dargwa: *s:ub
Proto-Lezghian: *š:ʷij
Proto-West Caucasian: *ćǝ / *ć̣ǝ
Notes: One of very widely spread common NC roots. Correspondences are quite regular (Nakh *p- reflects labialisation, while *sṭ is a result of the following -j-). There may have existed an early variant *ćĭwo (or *ćĭwjo) which would account for Nakh forms without *p- (*sṭ-aḳ) and the PWC absence of labialisation.

    A possible HU parallel is *-s(u)wa in Hurr. tar-ž(u)wa-nnǝ, Urart. tar-šua-nǝ 'man, human being' (where *tar- is probably connected with *tur- 'male', see *lɨwŁV); see Diakonoff-Starostin 1986, 39.

caucet-prnum,caucet-meaning,caucet-nakh,caucet-aand,caucet-cez,caucet-lak,caucet-darg,caucet-lezg,caucet-abad,caucet-comment,

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Avar-Andian etymology :

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Protoform: *čVjV
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: man
Avar: či
Chadakolob: či
Comments: Av. paradigm B (pl. čaʕí). The root was generally lost in Andian languages; it is, perhaps, preserved within an old compound *miʎi-ča- 'young man, male' q.v.
aandet-prnum,aandet-meaning,aandet-ava,aandet-avc,aandet-comment,

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Tsezian etymology :

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Proto-Tsezian: *ži-ḳʷǝ A / *zi-ḳʷǝ A
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: man
Tsezi: ž-eḳu
Khvarshi: ž-iḳwa
Bezhta: s-uḳo
Gunzib: s-uḳu
Comments: Cf. also Tsez. Asakh. žeḳʷi. PTsKh *žiḳʷǝ, PGB *suḳu. The word is originally a compound *ži-hiḳʷǝ (see *hiḳʷǝ); the vacillation *ž/*z is rather often a reflex of PEC palatal sibilants.
cezet-prnum,cezet-meaning,cezet-cez,cezet-khv,cezet-bzt,cezet-gnz,cezet-comment,

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Lak etymology :

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Lak root: čuw
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: man
Lak form: čuw
Comments: Cf. also the compound čiw-arḳ 'people, men'.
laket-prnum,laket-meaning,laket-lak,laket-comment,

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Dargwa etymology :

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Proto-Dargwa: *s:ub
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: male, man
Akusha: sub
Comments: Cf. also Kait. suw id.
darget-prnum,darget-meaning,darget-drg,darget-comment,

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Lezghian etymology :

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Proto-Lezghian: *š:ʷij
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: man
Lezghian: -vi
Tabasaran: ž̌i
Agul: šuj
Kryz: firi
Budukh: furi
Udi: išu, iš-q:ar
Comment: The Lezg. vi (cf. also Nüt. ɣü) is used presently only in compounds (like lezgi-vi 'a Lezgian' etc.); also rare is it in Tabasaran (in compounds like murgu-ž̌i 'a brave man' etc.). The obl. vowel base had been probably *š:ʷija-, cf. Ag. šuj, šuwa-, Fit. xüj, xüja-. For initial *š:ʷ cf. also Ag. Burk. š:̌uj. Kryz. and Bud. have suffixed forms (originally probably plurals). See Хайдаков 1973, 99.
lezget-prnum,lezget-meaning,lezget-lzg,lezget-tab,lezget-agu,lezget-krz,lezget-bud,lezget-udi,lezget-comment,

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Abkhaz-Adyghe etymology :

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Proto-West-Caucasian: *ćǝ / *ć̣ǝ
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: 1 person 2 people, persons
Adyghe: c̣ǝ-fǝ 1
Kabardian: c̣ǝ-xʷ 1
Ubykh: ćǝ́ća 2
Comments: PAK *c̣ǝ-xʷǝ́; the second component probably goes back to PWC *ʎʷA 'be born' q.v. The Ub. form is reduplicated. Like some other roots, this one reveals a variation in glottalisation, reasons for which are not yet clear.
abadet-prnum,abadet-meaning,abadet-adg,abadet-kab,abadet-ubk,abadet-comment,

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Sino-Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-Sino-Caucasian: *ćwĕjo
Meaning: man
North Caucasian: *ćwĭjo
Sino-Tibetan: [*Caŋ] (?)
Yenisseian: *ǯeʔŋ
Burushaski: *ses
Comments and references : DCE 14. PY -ʔ- does not correspond to lax phonation in PNC and may be secondary in the plural form.
sccet-meaning,sccet-cauc,sccet-stib,sccet-yen,sccet-buru,sccet-notes,

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Sino-Tibetan etymology :

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Proto-Sino-Tibetan: [*Caŋ]
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: person
Burmese: LB *chaŋ person.
Comments: Cf. also Midzhu tsoŋ, Naga *ca[ŋ], Trung *chaŋ, Sichuan *chV, Jiarong tǝ-tsɔ. Sh. 185.
stibet-prnum,stibet-meaning,stibet-burm,stibet-comments,

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Yenisseian etymology :

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Proto-Yenisseian: *ǯeʔŋ
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: people
Ket: dɛʔŋ
Yug: d́ɛʔŋ
Kottish: čeäŋ, *čeaŋ, pl. čeäŋan "folk, people"
Comments: ССЕ 309. A plural form of an unattested *ǯeʔ 'person'.
yenet-prnum,yenet-meaning,yenet-ket,yenet-sym,yenet-kot,yenet-notes,

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Burushaski etymology :

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Common Burushaski: *ses
Sino-Caucasian Etymology: Sino-Caucasian Etymology
Meaning: person(s), people
Yasin: ses
Hunza: sis
Nagar: sis
buruet-prnum,buruet-meaning,buruet-yas,buruet-hun,buruet-ngr,

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