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Lezghian etymology :

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Proto-Lezghian: *χI:an:
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: fish
Lezghian: ʁed
Rutul: χIat (Shin.)
Comment: In Auslaut it is possible to reconstruct both *-n: (with secondary unvoicing *-n: > *-d > -t in the Rutul dialect) and *-t:, but external evidence speaks in favour of the first solution.
lezget-prnum,lezget-meaning,lezget-lzg,lezget-rut,lezget-comment,

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North Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-North Caucasian: *χ_wanħV
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: fish
Proto-Avaro-Andian: *χʷamʔi
Proto-Lak: ħawa
Proto-Lezghian: *χI:an:
Notes: Reconstructed for the PEC level. Correspondences are regular.
caucet-prnum,caucet-meaning,caucet-aand,caucet-lak,caucet-lezg,caucet-comment,

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Avar-Andian etymology :

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Protoform: *χʷamʔi
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: fish
Andian language: χʷami
Chamalal: χʷam
Tindi: χʷã
Karata: χ:ʷãj (Anch.)
Comments: The notation χ:ʷ in Kar. Anch. is probably a misspelling (χʷ should be expected).
aandet-prnum,aandet-meaning,aandet-and,aandet-chm,aandet-tnd,aandet-krt,aandet-comment,

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Lak etymology :

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Lak root: ħawa
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: fish
Lak form: ħawa
Comments: Cf. Khosr. haIwa id.
laket-prnum,laket-meaning,laket-lak,laket-comment,

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Sino-Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-Sino-Caucasian: *xŋwaŋħV
Meaning: fish
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
North Caucasian: *χ_wanħV ( = *f_anħV?)
Sino-Tibetan: *ŋ(j)ă
Yenisseian: *bo(ʔ)ŋ-
Comments and references : In PY cf. perhaps rather *biń 'a piece of fish'.
sccet-meaning,sccet-prnum,sccet-cauc,sccet-stib,sccet-yen,sccet-notes,

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Sino-Tibetan etymology :

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Proto-Sino-Tibetan: *ŋ(j)ă
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: fish
Chinese: *ŋha fish.
Tibetan: ńa fish.
Burmese: ŋah fish, LB *ŋhax.
Kachin: ŋa3 fish.
Lushai: ŋha fish, KC *ŋha\.
Kiranti: *ŋǝ̀
Comments: PG *tàrŋa; BG: Garo na-tŏk, Bodo ŋa ~ na, Dimasa na; Chepang ŋa ~ nya; Tsangla ŋa; Moshang ŋa'; Namsangia ŋa; Kham ŋā̀L; Kaike ŋā; Trung ŋa1-plăʔ1. Simon 13; Sh. 36, 123, 407, 429; Ben. 47; Mat. 192; Luce 2.
stibet-prnum,stibet-meaning,stibet-chin,stibet-tib,stibet-burm,stibet-kach,stibet-lush,stibet-kir,stibet-comments,

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Chinese characters :

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Character:
Modern (Beijing) reading: yú
Preclassic Old Chinese: ŋha
Classic Old Chinese: ŋha
Western Han Chinese: ŋha
Eastern Han Chinese: ŋha
Early Postclassic Chinese: ŋho
Middle Postclassic Chinese: ŋho
Late Postclassic Chinese: ŋho
Middle Chinese: ŋö
English meaning : fish
Russian meaning[s]: 1) рыба; рыбный; рыбий; 2) рыболовство, рыбное дело; рыболовный; 3) обр. письмо; 4) 6-е число (в телеграммах); 5) Юй (фамилия)
Shuowen gloss: 水蟲也.象形.魚尾與燕尾相似.凡魚之屬皆從魚. [575]
Comments: For *ŋh- cf. Xiamen hi2, Chaozhou hɨ2.
Sino-Tibetan etymology: Sino-Tibetan etymology
Dialectal data: Dialectal data
Radical: 195
Four-angle index: 8577
Karlgren code: 0079 a-f
Vietnamese reading: ngu'
Jianchuan Bai: ŋü4
Dali Bai: ŋü5
Bijiang Bai: ŋü4
Shijing occurrences: 10.3, 43.3
bigchina-reading,bigchina-ochn,bigchina-cchn,bigchina-wchn,bigchina-echn,bigchina-epchn,bigchina-mpchn,bigchina-lpchn,bigchina-mchn,bigchina-meaning,bigchina-oshanin,bigchina-shuowen,bigchina-comment,bigchina-stibet,bigchina-doc,bigchina-radical,bigchina-oshval,bigchina-karlgren,bigchina-viet,bigchina-jianchuan,bigchina-dali,bigchina-bijiang,bigchina-shijing,

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Chinese Dialects :

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Number: 1330
Chinese etymology: Chinese etymology
Character:
MC description : 遇合三平魚疑
ZIHUI: 7625 0999
Beijing: y 12
Jinan: y 12
Xi'an: y 12
Taiyuan: y 1
Hankou: y 12
Chengdu: y 12
Yangzhou: y 12
Suzhou: y 12
Wenzhou: ŋo_y 12
Changsha: y 12
Shuangfeng: y 12
Nanchang: ńiɛ 31
Meixian: ńi 12
Guangzhou: jy 12
Xiamen: hu 12 (lit.); hi 12
Chaozhou: hɨ 12
Fuzhou: ŋy 12
Shanghai: y 32 (lit.); ŋ 32
Zhongyuan yinyun: iu 12
doc-charref,doc-character,doc-mcinfo,doc-zihui,doc-beijing,doc-jinan,doc-xian,doc-taiyuan,doc-hankou,doc-chengdu,doc-yangzhou,doc-suzhou,doc-wenzhou,doc-changsha,doc-shuangfeng,doc-nanchang,doc-meixian,doc-guangzhou,doc-xiamen,doc-chaozhou,doc-fuzhou,doc-shanghai,doc-zhongyuan,

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Kiranti etymology :

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Proto-Kiranti: *ŋǝ̀
Sino-Tibetan etymology: Sino-Tibetan etymology
Meaning: fish
Tulung: ŋō
Kaling: ŋö
Limbu: ŋā,
Dumi: ŋɨ
Kulung: ŋa
Yamphu: na, ŋa
Comments: Toba 90 *ngo(y).
kiret-prnum,kiret-meaning,kiret-tul,kiret-kal,kiret-lim,kiret-dum,kiret-kul,kiret-yam,kiret-notes,

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Limbu dictionary :

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Entry: na
Kiranti etymology: Kiranti etymology
Grammar: n.
Meaning: fish.
limet-prnum,limet-pspeech,limet-meaning,

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Dumi dictionary :

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Entry:
Kiränti etymology: Kiränti etymology
Grammar: n.
Meaning: fish
Nepali: māchā.
dumet-prnum,dumet-pspeech,dumet-meaning,dumet-nepali,

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Kulung dictionary :

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Entry: Na
Kiranti etymology: Kiranti etymology
Grammar: n.
Meaning: fish
Nepali: māchā.
kulet-prnum,kulet-pspeech,kulet-meaning,kulet-nepali,

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Yamphu dictionary :

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Entry: na
Kiranti etymology: Kiranti etymology
Stem: <ŋa>
Grammar: n.
Meaning: fish.
yamet-prnum,yamet-stem,yamet-pspeech,yamet-meaning,

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Yenisseian etymology :

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Proto-Yenisseian: *boŋ-
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: herring
Ket: bɔŋtuɣ6, pl. bɔŋtu:ń3
Comments: The second part probably contains -tiɣ (PY *cīk-) 'fish' (with vocalic assimilation). Like many other fish names the stem is probably of Altaic origin (cf. PA *mVńVk`V 'a k. of fish', whence Yak. majaɣas 'сиг', Mong. munig 'уклейка' etc.).
yenet-prnum,yenet-meaning,yenet-ket,yenet-notes,

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Long-range etymologies :

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Borean (approx.) : NVNV
Meaning : a k. of fish
Eurasiatic : Ur. *ńowŋa salmon
Afroasiatic : *nun-
Sino-Caucasian : *xŋwáŋħV
globet-meaning,globet-nostr,globet-afas,globet-scc,

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Afroasiatic etymology :

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Proto-Afro-Asiatic: *nun-
Meaning: fish
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
Semitic: *nūn- 'fish'
Central Chadic: *nōn- 'kind of fish' (unless <Arab.)
Notes: Highly doubtful.
afaset-meaning,afaset-prnum,afaset-sem,afaset-cch,afaset-notes,

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Semitic etymology :

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Number: 2725
Proto-Semitic: *nūn-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: fish
Akkadian: nūn- OB on CAD N 336
Hebrew: nūn HAL 681
Judaic Aramaic: nūn
Syrian Aramaic: nūn
Arabic: nūn-at- un gros poisson BK 2 1373
semet-proto,semet-prnum,semet-meaning,semet-akk,semet-hbr,semet-jud,semet-syr,semet-ara,

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Central Chadic etymology :

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Proto-CChadic: *nōn-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'kind of fish' (unless <Arab.)
Masa: nōn 'la poisson sp.'
cchet-prnum,cchet-meaning,cchet-mas,

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