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Lezghian etymology :

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Proto-Lezghian: *jirχIa-
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: to beat, hit
Agul: jarX̀-
Rutul: =ɨχIa-
Tsakhur: ɨχIa-
Comment: Cf. also Ag. Bursh. jirX̀a-s, Tp. jirħa-s, Rut. dur. =ɨ-rɨχIa-r. In Rut. and Tsakh. the vowel -ɨ- can either reflect PL *i before a pharyngealized consonant or the Ablaut grade *-ɨ- (in Ag. -a- is a result of assimilation, cf. the more archaic forms in Ag. Bursh. and Tp.).

    The root has also a nominal derivate meaning 'wound' (a usual semantic development in NC languages): PL *jirχIo-na (Ag. jarX̀un, Rut. jiχIɨn, Tsakh. oχIna).

lezget-prnum,lezget-meaning,lezget-agu,lezget-rut,lezget-cak,lezget-comment,

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North Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-North Caucasian: *HīrχA
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: to beat, hit, throw
Proto-Nakh: *t-ōχ-
Proto-Avaro-Andian: *=uχ- ( ~ -q-)
Proto-Lak: χ:Ia-
Proto-Dargwa: *ʔirχI-
Proto-Lezghian: *jirχIa-
Proto-Khinalug: t:-äχ-
Proto-West Caucasian: *p(ǝ)χIa-
Notes: A common NC expressive verb. As with other verbs of "beating", several languages have derivates meaning "wound" (cf. Chech. darχ-, PD *χIa-na < *(Hīr)χIV-nV = PL *jirχIona).
caucet-prnum,caucet-meaning,caucet-nakh,caucet-aand,caucet-lak,caucet-darg,caucet-lezg,caucet-khin,caucet-abad,caucet-comment,

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Nakh etymology :

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Proto-Nakh: *t-ōχ-
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: to beat, hit
Chechen: tōχ-
Ingush: toχ-
Batsbi: toχ-
Comments: The stem *t-ōχ- is terminative; the durative counterpart *t-ē-b-χ- is preserved in Bacb. tepχ-. An old Ablaut stem *-ārχ- with another preverb (*d-) is probably reflected in Chech. darχ-ō 'wounded (person)' (the semantic correlation 'to hit' - 'to wound' is quite usual in NC languages).
nakhet-prnum,nakhet-meaning,nakhet-che,nakhet-ing,nakhet-bcb,nakhet-comment,

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Avar-Andian etymology :

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Protoform: *=uχ- ( ~ -q-)
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: to beat, hit
Avar: =uχ-
aandet-prnum,aandet-meaning,aandet-ava,

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Lak etymology :

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Lak root: χ:Ia
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: to break, burst
Lak form: χ:aI =uk:a-n
Comments: Cf. Khosr. χ:Ia =uk:a-n id.
laket-prnum,laket-meaning,laket-lak,laket-comment,

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Dargwa etymology :

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Proto-Dargwa: *ʔirχI-
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: to throw
Chiragh: irχI-
Comments: With Ablaut cf. also Chir. s-āχI- / s-ārχI- 'to winnow'. An old derivate (suggesting the original meaning 'hit, wound') is PD *χIa-na 'scar' > Ak. ħaIna.
darget-prnum,darget-meaning,darget-chr,darget-comment,

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Khinalug etymology :

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Khinalug root: t:-äχ-
North Caucasian etymology: 1726
Meaning: to chop, cut off
Khinalug form: t:äχ-q̇ʷi
khinet-prnum,khinet-meaning,khinet-khi,

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Abkhaz-Adyghe etymology :

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Proto-West-Caucasian: *p(ǝ)χIa-
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: 1 to throw oneself upon, grab quickly
Adyghe: pχʷa-n
Kabardian: pχʷa-n
Ubykh: pχIa-
Comments: PAK *pχʷa- (with secondary assimilative labialisation); Ub. sǝ-ʁā́-pχIa-n "je me jette sur lui". See Shagirov 2, 25.
abadet-prnum,abadet-meaning,abadet-adg,abadet-kab,abadet-ubk,abadet-comment,

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Sino-Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-Sino-Caucasian: *HīrχA
Meaning: to beat
North Caucasian: *HīrχA
Basque: *erho
Comments and references : BCD 36.
sccet-meaning,sccet-cauc,sccet-basq,sccet-notes,

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Basque etymology :

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Proto-Basque: *erho
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: 1 to kill 2 killer
Bizkaian: (arc) ero 1, eralle 2
Zuberoan: érho 1, erhaile 2
Comments: This is an archaic Bsq word for 'kill', now mostly displaced by *hil (q.v.); cf. PNC *HīrχA 'to beat, hit, throw'. The word for 'killer' is from *erhai-le, with the common agent suffix *-le (q.v.).
basqet-prnum,basqet-meaning,basqet-bzk,basqet-zbr,basqet-comments,

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