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Dargwa etymology :

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Proto-Dargwa: *k:utan
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: plough
Akusha: gutan
Comments: Cf. also Kad. ɣutan, Kharb., Tsud. k:utan id.
darget-prnum,darget-meaning,darget-drg,darget-comment,

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North Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-North Caucasian: *gwītanV
Meaning: plough
Proto-Nakh: *gōtan
Proto-Dargwa: *k:utan
Proto-Lezghian: *kʷitan
Proto-West Caucasian: *ḳʷatanV
Notes: Besides the listed languages in EC the word is present also in Lak. (kutan), Av. (kután). The Lak. and Av. word are probably borrowed (cf. the secondary devoicing of k-, resembling the devoicing in the PL form: it is, however, hardly possible to deduce PL *kʷitan from Lak. or Av., thus the loan was probably reverse).

    The PNC reconstruction given here is highly tentative, primarily, because of the irregular correspondence between EC and WC. The word is also present in other languages of the Caucasus: Georg. gutani, Osset. gūton / goton, Arm. gutan, Azerb. kotan, but does not have a secure etymology in any of these languages. See Genko 1930, Abayev 1, 527: "a common Caucasian word of unknown origin".

caucet-meaning,caucet-nakh,caucet-darg,caucet-lezg,caucet-abad,caucet-comment,

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Nakh etymology :

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Proto-Nakh: *gōtan
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: plough
Chechen: gōta
Ingush: gota
Comments: Obl. base *gōtana- (cf. Chech. gōtana-). Bacb. gutan id. has an aberrant vowel and is obviously borrowed from Georgian (Georg. gutani 'plough').
nakhet-prnum,nakhet-meaning,nakhet-che,nakhet-ing,nakhet-comment,

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Lezghian etymology :

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Proto-Lezghian: *kʷitan
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: plough
Lezghian: küten
Tabasaran: kutan
Agul: kutan
Kryz: kʷatan
Budukh: kutan
Archi: kutan
Comment: Cf. also Ag. Tp. kutal, Burk. kʷatal. 3d class in Kryz. and Bud., 4th class in Archi. The Archi form may be borrowed from Avar (Av. kután), but this is less probable for other Lezgian languages (regularly going back to PL *kʷitan).
lezget-prnum,lezget-meaning,lezget-lzg,lezget-tab,lezget-agu,lezget-krz,lezget-bud,lezget-arc,lezget-comment,

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Abkhaz-Adyghe etymology :

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Proto-West-Caucasian: *ḳʷatanV ( ~ ḳ́ʷ-)
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: plough
Abkhaz: a-ḳʷatán(a)
Abaza: ḳʷatan
Comments: PAT *ḳʷatanV.
abadet-prnum,abadet-meaning,abadet-abk,abadet-aba,abadet-comment,

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