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Tsezian etymology :

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Proto-Tsezian: *maq
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: 1 short stick,rod 2 stake 3 vertical stick (in fence)
Tsezi: maIq 1
Bezhta: maq 2
Gunzib: maq 3
Comments: PGB *maq. The oblique base was probably *mɨqu- (with a regular *a/*ɨ Ablaut): it is preserved now as a separate stem in Bezht. miqo, Gunz. mɨqu "pole" (also from this source comes Gin. nuqo id. with labialisation shift).
cezet-prnum,cezet-meaning,cezet-cez,cezet-bzt,cezet-gnz,cezet-comment,

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North Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-North Caucasian: *bħǝ̄nq̇_V̆
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: pole, post
Proto-Nakh: *b(ɦ)eq̇V (~ -a-)
Proto-Avaro-Andian: *muq̇:V
Proto-Tsezian: *maq
Proto-Lak: maʁi
Proto-Lezghian: *marq:(a)
Proto-West Caucasian: *bǝq̇V-wǝ (~-ǝ̃-)
Notes: Correspondences are quite regular. Other Caucasian languages have borrowed this root: cf. Georg. dial. boq̇wi 'pilaster' (from Abkh.), Balk. bǝq:ǝ 'a small post' (from Kab.), see Shagirov 1977,2,47.
caucet-prnum,caucet-meaning,caucet-nakh,caucet-aand,caucet-cez,caucet-lak,caucet-lezg,caucet-abad,caucet-comment,

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Nakh etymology :

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Proto-Nakh: *b(ɦ)eq̇V (~ -a-)
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: pole
Ingush: beq̇a
Comments: Isolated in Ing., thus the PN reconstruction is tentative. Nakh > Osset. (Dig.) bäqä 'pole', see Abayev 1958, 250.
nakhet-prnum,nakhet-meaning,nakhet-ing,nakhet-comment,

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Avar-Andian etymology :

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Protoform: *muq̇:V
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: 1 pole 2 ceiling
Avar: moq̇: 1
Andian language: moq̇:ol 2
Akhvakh: muq̇:e 1
Chamalal: muq̇: 1
Tindi: muq̇:u 1
Karata: nuq̇:e 1
Godoberi: muq̇:u 1
Comments: Av. paradigm A (móq̇:i-l, móq̇:a-l). Cf. also Akhv. Tseg., Tlan., Cham. Gig. muq̇:u, Kar. Tok. muq̇:i. Besides And. moq̇:ol with the meaning 'ceiling' cf. also Cham. Gig. (Bok.) muq̇:u id., Kar. L.-Enkh. miq̇:ela; usually this meaning is present in the compound *muq̇:V-riƛ̣:V (with different assimilations and transformations), cf. Av. móq̇:ruƛ̣:, And. (Tsertsvadze) moq̇:o-lƛ̣:i, Cham. jeq̇:-muq̇:, Gig. req̇:-muq̇:a, Kar. miq̇:a-laƛ̣:i etc.
aandet-prnum,aandet-meaning,aandet-ava,aandet-and,aandet-akv,aandet-chm,aandet-tnd,aandet-krt,aandet-gdb,aandet-comment,

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Lak etymology :

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Lak root: maʁi
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: roof, ceiling
Lak form: maʁi
Comments: Cf. Khosr. maʁu id.
laket-prnum,laket-meaning,laket-lak,laket-comment,

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Lezghian etymology :

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Proto-Lezghian: *marq:(a)
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: 1 stick, pole 2 shepherd's staff
Tabasaran: marʁ 1
Agul: marʁ 2 (Bursh.)
Comment: Cf. also Tab. Düb. marq:a; in Ag. (Bursh.) there is a variant marʕ.
lezget-prnum,lezget-meaning,lezget-tab,lezget-agu,lezget-comment,

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Abkhaz-Adyghe etymology :

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Proto-West-Caucasian: *bǝq̇V-wǝ (~-ǝ̃-)
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: 1 post, log, pile 2 pilaster, post, pillar
Abkhaz: a-bǝ́q̇ʷ
Adyghe: p:q:aw
Kabardian: pq:ow, bǝq:ow
Comments: PAT *bVq̇ʷǝ (cf. also Bz. a-báq̇ʷ); PAK *bǝq̇:á-wǝ / *p:q:á-wǝ. Despite Klimov (1968, 292) there are no reasons to consider the Abkhaz form an Adygh loan. Kumakhov's etymology (1964,126) - PAK *b(ǝ)q:áwǝ from *p:q:ǝ 'corpus, skeleton' - seems dubious, first of all because of the Kab. form bǝq:ow (there's no parallel form *bǝq:ǝ 'skeleton' in Kab.). Very dubious is the comparison with Ub. bǝq̇Iʷ 'thick' (Shagirov 2, 47).

    Since there is no Ub. cognate, it is impossible to determine whether the first vowel in PWC was nasalized or not. Somewhat unclear is the status of the PAK *-wǝ: it is either a suffix (in this case *bǝq:áwǝ < *bǝq:ʷá-wǝ), or part of the root which has yielded labialisation in Abkh. (*bVq̇ʷǝ < *bVq̇ǝwǝ).

abadet-prnum,abadet-meaning,abadet-abk,abadet-adg,abadet-kab,abadet-comment,

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Sino-Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-Sino-Caucasian: *bħǝ̄́nq̇V̆
Meaning: log, pole
North Caucasian: *bħǝ̄nq̇_V̆
Sino-Tibetan: *p(h)ăŋ
Yenisseian: *pǝ̄q- (?)
Burushaski: *-pháɣo
Basque: *mak-
Comments and references : Differently in HGC 29, LV D2. Cf. *bVrḳwV̄́.
sccet-meaning,sccet-cauc,sccet-stib,sccet-yen,sccet-buru,sccet-basq,sccet-notes,

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Sino-Tibetan etymology :

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Proto-Sino-Tibetan: *p(h)ăŋ
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: tree, plant
Burmese: ǝpaŋ plant, tree.
Lushai: paŋ-pār a flower, a blossom.
Kiranti: *b(h)Vŋ tree
Comments: Bodo paŋ classifier for plants.
stibet-prnum,stibet-meaning,stibet-burm,stibet-lush,stibet-kir,stibet-comments,

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Kiranti etymology :

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Proto-Kiranti: *b(h)Vŋ
Sino-Tibetan etymology: Sino-Tibetan etymology
Meaning: tree
Limbu: siŋ=bo:ŋ
Dumi: bhu
Yamphu: siŋ=bu
kiret-prnum,kiret-meaning,kiret-lim,kiret-dum,kiret-yam,

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Limbu dictionary :

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Entry: siNbo:N
Kiranti etymology: Kiranti etymology
Grammar: n.
Meaning: tree.
Derivation: [siN wood + -bo:N tree]
limet-prnum,limet-pspeech,limet-meaning,limet-dercomm,

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Dumi dictionary :

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Entry: bhu
Kiränti etymology: Kiränti etymology
Grammar: n.
Meaning: tree
Nepali: rukh.
dumet-prnum,dumet-pspeech,dumet-meaning,dumet-nepali,

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Yamphu dictionary :

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Entry: siŋbu
Kiranti etymology: Kiranti etymology
Grammar: n.
Meaning: a) tree; b) tree-trunk.
yamet-prnum,yamet-pspeech,yamet-meaning,

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Yenisseian etymology :

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Proto-Yenisseian: *pǝ̄q-
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: thin rods of birdcherry tree for sewing together pieces of birch bark (сарга)
Ket: hʌʁ4 (South.), North. hʌ:ʁǝ4; pl. hʌqŋ5
Yug: fʌ:hx, pl. fʌqŋ5
Comments: ССЕ 248. Werner 1, 341 <*phǝʔǝqǝ>.
yenet-prnum,yenet-meaning,yenet-ket,yenet-sym,yenet-notes,

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Burushaski etymology :

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Common Burushaski: *-pháɣo
Sino-Caucasian Etymology: Sino-Caucasian Etymology
Meaning: stick, walking stick
Hunza: -pháɣo
Nagar: -pháɣuỵ
buruet-prnum,buruet-meaning,buruet-hun,buruet-ngr,

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Basque etymology :

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Proto-Basque: *mak-
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: 1 thick, heavy club 2 (shepherd's, bishop's) crook, crosier 3 forked pole, fork 4 hook 5 cane, staff
Bizkaian: maket 1
Gipuzkoan: (Berastegi) mako 4
High Navarrese: (Arakil) mako 3, (Lezaka) mako 4
Low Navarrese: mako 2, 5
Lapurdian: mako 2, 3, 4, 5
Baztanese: mako 3, 4
Roncalese: mako 2
Comments: The status of (c) makila, makhila ‘stick, cane’ is disputable: Michelena (1961: 51) and some earlier scholars derive it from Latin bacilla, plural of bacillum ‘rod’, but it seems just as likely to be a native development of the root *mak-, or a blend of Bsq *mako + Lat. bacilla.
basqet-prnum,basqet-meaning,basqet-bzk,basqet-gip,basqet-anv,basqet-bnv,basqet-lab,basqet-bzt,basqet-rnc,basqet-comments,

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