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North Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-North Caucasian: *=Hŏq̇_Ē
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: to do, make; to be, become
Proto-Tsezian: *=ɔq- B
Proto-Dargwa: *=a(r)q̇- / *=i(r)q̇-
Proto-Lezghian: *ʔaq̇a-
Proto-Khinalug: q̇i
Proto-West Caucasian: *q́I:a
Notes: Trubetzkoy 1930,87 compares WC *q́I:a 'to be' with another PEC stem (*ʔikV q.v.), which is impossible for phonetic reasons. The comparison with *=Hŏq̇_Ē seems quite plausible semantically and phonetically.

    A similar root exists in Kartvelian (Georg. q̇a-w- 'to be, to have'); its comparison with WC see in Charaya 1912, 37, Lomtatidze 1956, 225, 228; the nature of its connection with the NC root is yet to be cleared up.

caucet-prnum,caucet-meaning,caucet-cez,caucet-darg,caucet-lezg,caucet-khin,caucet-abad,caucet-comment,

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Tsezian etymology :

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Proto-Tsezian: *=ɔq- B
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: 1 to become; to be born 2 to grow
Tsezi: =oqI- 1
Ginukh: =üq- 1
Khvarshi: eqq- (Radzhibov)
Inkhokvari: =eqIʷ- 1, l-eqʷ- 2
Bezhta: =aq- (Tlad.) 1
Gunzib: =ɔq- 1
Comments: PGB *=ɔq- (cf. also Bezht. Khosh. =aq-); PTsKh *-öq-. The Inkh. parallel is somewhat problematic because of labialised -qʷ-.
cezet-prnum,cezet-meaning,cezet-cez,cezet-gin,cezet-khv,cezet-inh,cezet-bzt,cezet-gnz,cezet-comment,

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Dargwa etymology :

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Proto-Dargwa: *=a(r)q̇- / *=i(r)q̇-
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: to do, to make
Chiragh: =arq̇- / =irq̇-
Comments: Cf. also Ur. =aIq̇- / =iq̇- id. Medial -r- in Chir. is probably secondary (perhaps reflecting the original paradigm *=aq̇- / *=irq̇- with infixation).
darget-prnum,darget-meaning,darget-chr,darget-comment,

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Lezghian etymology :

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Proto-Lezghian: *ʔaq̇a-
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: to do, to make
Agul: aq̇-
Comment: Cf. also Ag. Bursh., Tp. aq̇a- id. Isolated in Agul, but having probable external parallels.
lezget-prnum,lezget-meaning,lezget-agu,lezget-comment,

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Khinalug etymology :

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Khinalug root: q̇i
North Caucasian etymology: 1828
Meaning: to be, to become
Khinalug form: q̇i
Comments: The stem is used as terminative (aorist).
khinet-prnum,khinet-meaning,khinet-khi,khinet-comment,

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Abkhaz-Adyghe etymology :

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Proto-West-Caucasian: *q́:Ia
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: 1 to be 2 to have
Abkhaz: á-q̇a-la-ra 1
Abaza: a-ʡa-z-la-ra 1
Adyghe: -ʡa- 1,2
Kabardian: -ʡa- 1,2
Ubykh: q̇a-ʁ- 2
Comments: PAT *ʡa (used in conjunction with the verbal stem-suffix *-la-); PAK *ʡa in *š́ǝ-ʡa- 'to be' (Ad. š́ǝʡa-, Kab. śǝʡa- with a locative preverb *š́ǝ-), *jǝ-ʡa- 'to have' (Ad., Kab. jǝʡa- with a pronominal preverb *jǝ-); Ub. a-s-q̇á-ʁ "je l'ai" (a compound stem q̇a-ʁǝ-; etymology of the second part see under *ʁV). The correspondence PAT, PAK *ʡ : Ub. q̇ points only to PWC *q́:I.

    See Shagirov 1,190; 2, 150 (with literature and with right dismissal of many false etymologies).

abadet-prnum,abadet-meaning,abadet-abk,abadet-aba,abadet-adg,abadet-kab,abadet-ubk,abadet-comment,

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Sino-Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-Sino-Caucasian: *=Hŏ(x)q̇_Ē
Meaning: to be, make
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
North Caucasian: *=Hŏq̇_Ē
Basque: *e=gi-n
Comments and references : BCD 29.
sccet-meaning,sccet-prnum,sccet-cauc,sccet-basq,sccet-notes,

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Basque etymology :

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Proto-Basque: *e=gi-n
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: to do, make
Bizkaian: egin
Gipuzkoan: egin
High Navarrese: egin
Low Navarrese: egin
Lapurdian: egin
Zuberoan: egin
Roncalese: egin
Comments: This verb is also extensively used as an auxiliary.
basqet-prnum,basqet-meaning,basqet-bzk,basqet-gip,basqet-anv,basqet-bnv,basqet-lab,basqet-zbr,basqet-rnc,basqet-comments,

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Long-range etymologies :

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Borean (approx.) : HVKV
Meaning : to make
Sino-Caucasian : *=Hŏ(x)q̇_Ē
Amerind (misc.) : *kua 'make' (R 453) [+ A K]
globet-meaning,globet-scc,globet-amer,

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