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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *sɨb
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: water
Russian meaning: вода
Old Turkic: śub (Orkh.), sub, suv (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: suv (MK)
Turkish: su
Tatar: sɨw
Middle Turkic: su (AH, Pav. C.)
Uzbek: suv
Uighur: su
Sary-Yughur: su
Azerbaidzhan: su
Turkmen: suv
Khakassian: suɣ
Shor: suɣ
Oyrat:
Halaj: suw
Chuvash: šɨv
Yakut: ū; utax 'thirst' < *sub-sak
Dolgan: ū
Tuva: suɣ
Tofalar: suɣ
Kirghiz:
Kazakh: su
Noghai: suw
Bashkir: hɨw
Balkar:
Gagauz: su
Karaim: su
Karakalpak: suw
Salar: su
Kumyk: suw
Comments: VEWT 431, TMN 3, 281-2, EDT 783-4, Лексика 88, ЭСТЯ 7, Stachowski 247. The reconstruction of *ɨ is conditioned by the Chuv. palatalization. Cf. also *sɨbu- 'to become watery', *sɨbu-k 'watery, liquid' (ЭСТЯ 7). Other Common Turkic derivatives are *sɨb-sɨ- 'to become watery' and *sɨb-sa- 'to be(come) thirsty', see the analysis in ЭСТЯ 7 and EDT 792. The derivative *sɨb-sɨ 'a watery decoction' (not attested as such, but cf. OT suvsuš id. (EDT 792)) was borrowed in Mong. as sub(a)su id. (L 733), Khalkha suvs 'watery'. Modern Kypchak and Siberian forms like Chag. susɨn, Kirgh. sūsun etc. may reflect a secondary loan from Mongolian.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-khal,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *si̯uba ( ~ -u)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: water
Russian meaning: вода
Turkic: *sɨb
Mongolian: *usu
Comments: Владимирцов 160, АПиПЯЯ 27, 284. A Turk.-Mong. isogloss. Mong. *u-su can be explained as a normal dissimilation < *su-su ( < *sub-su); cf. similar cases in *sisegeji > *isegeji 'felt', *sü(t)-sü > *ü-sü 'milk', *sus- > *us- 'disappear, perish'. The relationship of the Mong. and Turk. forms is strengthened by the presence in Turkic of archaic derivatives *sɨb-sɨ-, *sɨb-sa-.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *usu
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: water
Russian meaning: вода
Written Mongolian: usu(n) (L 887)
Middle Mongolian: usun (HY 3, SH), oṣun, uṣun (IM), uṣun (MA)
Khalkha: us
Buriat: uha(n)
Kalmuck: usṇ
Ordos: usu(n)
Dongxian: usu
Baoan: se
Dagur: oso, os (Тод. Даг. 160), ose (MD 203)
Shary-Yoghur: qusun, Gusun
Monguor: fuʒu (SM 102), sʒu (MGCD šʒu)
Mogol: usun; ZM osun (15-5b)
Comments: KW 452, MGCD 682, TMN 1, 167.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *sVwV
Meaning: liquid
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *seu(H)- 'жидкость, лить' (Pok. 912-913) (? + *sAw- 'juice, squeeze the juice' 2392)
Altaic: *si̯uba
Kartvelian: *św-
References: МССНЯ 341; ND 2139 *sew.V 'to drink' (Kartv. + dub. Ur. + SH); 2141 *[s][ü]wħV ~ *[s]EʔuwħV 'moisture, water, wet, rain' (Kartv. *śow- + IE Alt. + dub. Drav. + probably same SH).
nostret-meaning,nostret-prnum,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-kart,nostret-reference,

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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *sūwe-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to rain
Tokharian: A, B su- / swāsā- 'to rain' (Adams 693)
Old Greek: hǖ́ei̯, aor. hǖ̂sai̯ `regnen; regnen lassen', hǖetó-s m. `Regen'
Albanian: ši `Regen'
Russ. meaning: идти (о дожде)
References: WP II 468 f, Buck 68.
piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-tokh,piet-greek,piet-alb,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,

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Kartvelian etymology :

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Proto-Kartvelian: *św-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: пить
English meaning: to drink
Georgian: sv-; sv-am- / sm-
Megrel: šu-, šv-; šu-m-
Svan: š(w)-
Laz: šu-, šv-; šu-m-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 173-174, EWK 313. Ср. *śow-.
kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-sva,kartet-laz,kartet-notes,

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Long-range etymologies :

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Borean (approx.) : CVWV
Meaning : liquid
Eurasiatic : *śVwV
Afroasiatic : *ḥVsaw-/*ḥVsay-
Sino-Caucasian : ?ST *śŭH 'wash'
Austric : PAA *suah 'wet, dip in', PAN *hisuq 'clean, wash, scrub, scour', *besaq 'wet, wash'
Amerind (misc.) : ? *si 'water' (R 825) [+ A] (? cf. also *iči 'water' R 832) [+ A K]
African (misc.) : Bantu *-cùp- 'pour' or *-cụ̀b- 'urinate'.
Notes : ST may be < Austric
Reference : МССНЯ 341, ND 2139, 2141.
globet-meaning,globet-nostr,globet-afas,globet-scc,globet-austr,globet-amer,globet-afr,globet-notes,globet-reference,

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Afroasiatic etymology :

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Proto-Afro-Asiatic: *ḥVsaw-/*ḥVsay-
Meaning: drink
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
Semitic: *ḥVšVw- 'drink'
Berber: *Ha/isw 'drink'
Western Chadic: *swaH- 'drink'
Central Chadic: *si-/*sa- 'drink'
East Chadic: *saw/y- 'drink'
Notes: *ḥV- may be a prefix.
afaset-meaning,afaset-prnum,afaset-sem,afaset-brb,afaset-wch,afaset-cch,afaset-ech,afaset-notes,

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Semitic etymology :

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Number: 854
Proto-Semitic: *ḥVšVw-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'drink'
Arabic: ḥsw [-u-]
semet-proto,semet-prnum,semet-meaning,semet-ara,

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Berber etymology :

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Proto-Berber: *Ha/isw
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'drink'
Ghadames: ǝsw
Nefusa: su
Siwa: su, Fodj asu
Ghat: ǝsu
Ayr: ašu
Ahaggar (Tahaggart): ǝsu
Tawllemmet: ăšwu
Taneslemt: isu
Zenaga: ešbi
Semlal: su
Ntifa: su
Izdeg: su
Izayan: su
Rif: su
Mzab: su
Wargla: su
Sened: su
Iznassen: ǝssū
Snus: sû
Shawiya: ṣū
Qabyle (Ayt Mangellat): ǝsǝw
brbet-prnum,brbet-meaning,brbet-ghd,brbet-nfs,brbet-siw,brbet-ght,brbet-ayr,brbet-ahg,brbet-twl,brbet-tsl,brbet-zng,brbet-sml,brbet-ntf,brbet-izd,brbet-izy,brbet-rif,brbet-mzb,brbet-wrg,brbet-snd,brbet-izn,brbet-snu,brbet-sha,brbet-qbl,

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West Chadic etymology :

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Proto-WChadic: *siwaH-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'drink'
Hausa: šā́
Mupun: siwā [FrM]
Sura: šwā [JgS]
Angas: šwē [Fl]
Chip: šù́u [JgC]
Ankwe=Goemai: sua [Fp]
Gerke=Yiwom: tà [JgC]
Bolewa: s(a) [LkB]
Karekare: s(a) [LkK]
Tangale: ʔɛɛ [JgT]
Pero: čò [FrP]
Bele: hée-kò [ShB]
Kifri=Giwo: šee - [ShB]
Gera: šẽ-mí [ShB]
Galambu: š-áala ̀ [ShB]
Geruma: šée-là [ShB]
Warji: sa [SkNb]
Kariya: sa
Diri: čā
Miya: sa-
Pa'a: sa
Cagu: šā
Siri: sa
Mburku: si/a
Jimbin: si/a
Geji: s̃a [CLR
Mangas: siye [Cs]
Zaar: s̃e [CLR
Sayanchi: s̃ya [Cs]
Boghom: še [CLR: 110]
Guruntum: sai [Ja]
Buli: sà [CLR]
Tule: s̃e [CLR
Wangday: ] s̃e [CLR
Fyer: šo [JgR]
Daffo-Butura: šoh [JgR]
Ngizim: sá [ShN]
Notes: secondary lateral due to a laryngeal in preposition
wchet-prnum,wchet-meaning,wchet-hsa,wchet-gwn,wchet-sur,wchet-ang,wchet-chp,wchet-ank,wchet-grk,wchet-bol,wchet-krk,wchet-tng,wchet-per,wchet-bel,wchet-krf,wchet-ger,wchet-glm,wchet-grm,wchet-wrj,wchet-kry,wchet-dir,wchet-miy,wchet-paa,wchet-cag,wchet-sir,wchet-mbu,wchet-jmb,wchet-gej,wchet-mng,wchet-zar,wchet-say,wchet-bgh,wchet-grn,wchet-bul,wchet-tul,wchet-wnd,wchet-fyr,wchet-dfb,wchet-ngz,wchet-notes,

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Central Chadic etymology :

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Proto-CChadic: *si-/*sa-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'drink'
Tera: za [Kr N 338]
Gabin: ši [Kr]
Hwona: sa [Kr]
Chibak: sa [CLR: 110]
Wamdiu: sa [CLR: 110]
Lamang: s(u) [CLR]
Mandara=Wandala: š-a [CLR]
Mofu-Gudur: -s- [BMof]
Gisiga: še [CLR]
Mada: e1se [BMad]
Mulwi: sì [TMlw]
Mafa=Matakam: sa [CLR]
Munjuk: si [TMnj]
Daba: sa [CLR]
Gude: sa [Hs]
Gudu: sa [CLR]
Fali Jilvu: se [Kr]
Fali Muchella: si [Kr]
Mwulyen: ùsá [Kr]
Bata: sā [CLR}
Logone: se [LLog]
Buduma=Yedina: hi [LBud]
Musgu: sa [CLR]
Gidar: sạ [CLR]
Zime-Batna: sé [Sa]
Banana: cǝ-mu [Kr]
Notes: C 12 *či [Sy] . Reflex is irregular
cchet-prnum,cchet-meaning,cchet-ter,cchet-gbn,cchet-hwn,cchet-chb,cchet-wmd,cchet-lmn,cchet-mnd,cchet-mof,cchet-gis,cchet-bld,cchet-muk,cchet-mtk,cchet-mnj,cchet-dab,cchet-gde,cchet-gdu,cchet-faj,cchet-fam,cchet-mwu,cchet-bat,cchet-log,cchet-bud,cchet-msg,cchet-gid,cchet-zbt,cchet-bnn,cchet-notes,

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East Chadic etymology :

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Proto-EChadic: *saw/y-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'drink'
Somrai: šʌ̀ [CLR: 111]
Tumak: hè [Cp]
Lele: sì [CLR]
Kabalai: sùwǝ [Cp]
Kera: sɛ́ [Eb]
Kwang: sèē [CLR}
Dangla: sɛ́ɛ̀ [Fd]
Jegu: s- [CLR]
Mubi: súwà [Lk], sìyà [CLR]
Birgit: sáyà [CLR]
Sokoro: sa [Lk]
echet-prnum,echet-meaning,echet-smr,echet-tum,echet-lle,echet-kbl,echet-ker,echet-kwn,echet-dng,echet-jeg,echet-mub,echet-brg,echet-sok,

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Austric etymology :

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Proto-Austric: *sUʔ
Meaning: wash, dip in
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
Proto-Austroasiatic: *suah
Austroasiatic meaning: wet, dip in
Proto-Austronesian: *hisuq; also Ache basah wet < PAN *besaq, *biseq, *baseq
Austronesian meaning: clean, wash, scrub, scour
Austronesian code: 10:47
austr-meaning,austr-prnum,austr-aa,austr-aame,austr-an,austr-anme,austr-ancode,

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Austro-Asiatic etymology :

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Proto-Austro-Asiatic: *suah
Meaning: wet, dip in
Austric etymology: Austric etymology
Proto-Katuic: EK *suah
Proto-Bahnaric: *suah
Proto-Khmu: *suh IV?
aaet-meaning,aaet-prnum,aaet-kat,aaet-bah,aaet-kmu,

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Katuic etymology :

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Proto-Katuic: *suah
Meaning: to wash
Presyllable: #
Austro-Asiatic etymology: Austro-Asiatic etymology
Proto-East Katuic: *suah
References: 0
katet-meaning,katet-prpr,katet-prnum,katet-ekat,katet-bibref,

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East Katuic etymology :

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Proto-East Katuic: *suah
Meaning: to wash
Presyllable: #
Katuic etymology: Katuic etymology
Pakoh: suah.T
Pakoh meaning: to wash (dishes); sah wash, mop, scrub (dishes)
Lao Katu: suah
Lao Katu meaning: to wash
ekatet-meaning,ekatet-epre,ekatet-prnum,ekatet-pak,ekatet-pakme,ekatet-lka,ekatet-lkame,

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Bahnar etymology :

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Proto-Bahnaric: *suah
Meaning: wet
Presyllable: #/ʔǝ-
Austro-Asiatic etymology: Austro-Asiatic etymology
Proto-South Bahnaric: *suǝh
Harak: ʔǝsuh (A)
References: SPT
banet-meaning,banet-prpr,banet-prnum,banet-sob,banet-har,banet-refer,

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South Bahnaric etymology :

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Proto-South Bahnaric: *suǝh
Meaning: to wet
Bahnaric etymology: Bahnaric etymology
Chrau form: su:h
Chrau meaning: wet, sprinkle
Stieng form: soh
Stieng meaning: wet
References: SBS-596
sobet-meaning,sobet-prnum,sobet-chr,sobet-chrme,sobet-sti,sobet-stime,sobet-refer,

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Harak etymology :

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Proto-Harak:
Meaning: to wet
Bahnaric etymology: Bahnaric etymology
Alak: ʔǝsu:h
haret-meaning,haret-prnum,haret-alak,

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