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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *Kɨč
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: foot, shin
Russian meaning: нога, голень
Turkish: kɨč 'foot, shin; coccyx, behind'
Middle Turkic: qɨč (AH)
Azerbaidzhan: Gɨč
Turkmen: Gɨč (dial.)
Shor: qɨs 'камус'
Chuvash: xɨś 'back, behind'
Yakut: kɨ̄s berbēkej 'щиколотка, лодыжка' (?)
Gagauz: qɨč
Comments: Лексика 281, ЭСТЯ 6, 252-253.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-trk,turcet-chg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-shr,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-gagx,turcet-reference,

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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *k`i̯ū̀ča ( ~ -u)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: animal's paw, skin from animal's paw
Russian meaning: лапа животного, шкура с лапы животного
Turkic: *Kɨč
Tungus-Manchu: *xōsa
Comments: A Turk.-Tung. isogloss, but cf. the discussion under *k`V̀sá; cf. perhaps also Bur. xašāhan 'front and back parts of footwear'; Dag. gočōr, kočoro, kučur 'boots' (Тод. Даг. 132) (?).
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-tung,altet-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xōsa
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 skin from deer's feet 2 animal's paw
Russian meaning: 1 шкура с ног оленя 2 лапа животного
Evenki: ōsa 1
Even: ōsъ̣l 1
Negidal: ōsa 1
Spoken Manchu: vašǝqǝ, vasǝqǝ, vašǝqu, vasǝqu 2 (2287)
Literary Manchu: ošoxo 2
Ulcha: χosolị 1
Orok: χoso 2
Nanai: χōsō 2, χōsol 1
Comments: ТМС 2, 26.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-neg,tunget-sib,tunget-man,tunget-ulc,tunget-ork,tunget-nan,tunget-reference,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *gEpčwV
Meaning: paw, hand
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *g'hes-
Altaic: *k`i̯ū̀ča
Uralic: *kipsV (*küpsV, *käpsä)
References: ND 653 *gä[p]sA 'paw, hand' (w/o Alt. +very weak Chad.).
nostret-meaning,nostret-prnum,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,nostret-reference,

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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *g'hes-r-
Meaning: hand
Hittite: kessar n., kessera- c. 'Hand' (Tischler 558 f)
Tokharian: A tsar, B ṣar 'Hand' (PT *[čṣ]ar) (Adams 649)
Old Indian: hásta- m. `hand'
Avestan: zasta-
Other Iranian: OPers dasta- 'Hand'
Armenian: ʒerrn, pl. ʒerkh `Hand'
Old Greek: khẹ̄́r, gen. khẹ̄rós, pl. dat. khersí, dor. khḗr, gen. khēr-ós, aeol. acc. khérr', pl. acc. kherras f. `Hand, Faust'
Baltic: *pa=ǯas-t-i- c., *pa=ǯas-t-iā̃ f.
Latin: hīr `thénar, tò kôi̯lon tē̂s khẹ̄rós, vola'
Albanian: dórë, pl. dúar f. `hand'
Russ. meaning: рука (Hand)
References: WP I 541, 603 f
piet-meaning,piet-hitt,piet-tokh,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-iran,piet-arm,piet-greek,piet-balt,piet-lat,piet-alb,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,

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Baltic etymology :

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Proto-Baltic: *pa=ǯas-t-i- c., *pa=ǯas-t-iā̃ f.
Meaning: arm-pit
Indo-European etymology: Indo-European etymology
Lithuanian: pažastì-s, pažastē̃ `Achselhöhle, Raum unter dem Arm'
baltet-meaning,baltet-prnum,baltet-lith,

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Pokorny's dictionary :

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Number: 670
Root: ĝhesto-2
English meaning: hand, arm
German meaning: `Hand, Arm'
Material: Ai. hásta-ḥ m. `Hand', av. zasta-, apers. dasta- ds.;

    lat. praestō `zur Hand' aus *prae-hestod (EM 805f.)?; anders s. unter stā-;

    lit. pa-žastė̃, pa-žastìs f. `Raum unterm Arm, Achselhöhle'.

    Da arm. jeṙn auch auf *ĝher-m̥ zurückgehen könnte und ebenso die gr. Formen besser aus *ĝher-s erklärt werden können, da ferner alb. dorë f. `Hand', Pl. konson. duar eine Grundform *ĝhēr- erfordert (ĝhēsr- hätte *dostrë ergeben), wäre mit Belardi (Riv. Studi Orient. 23, 69 ff.) zu erwägen, ob nicht fürs Hitt. und Toch. Metathese von -rs- zu -sr- anzunehmen sei, und die Gruppe 1 von 2 zu trennen und zu ĝher- `greifen' zu stellen sei.

References: WP. I 541, 603, WH. I 243, Trautmann 367, Duchesne-Guillemin BSL. 39, 211, Schwyzer Gr. Gr. I 446, 569, Specht Idg. Dekl. 75.
Pages: 447
PIE database: PIE database
pokorny-root,pokorny-meaning,pokorny-ger_mean,pokorny-material,pokorny-ref,pokorny-pages,pokorny-piet,

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Uralic etymology :

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Number: 315
Proto: *kipsV (*küpsV, *käpsä)
> Nostratic: > Nostratic
English meaning: skin from the paws of animals
German meaning: Fell von den Pfoten, Beinen der (Pelz)Tiere
Finnish: käpsä 'Hasenpfote; gebratener Schaffuß' ?
Estonian: käps (dial., gen. käpsu) 'Ferse, Hacke; Oberschenkel; Gesäß' ?
Mari (Cheremis): küpš (BO 'Flor (an der Kleidung), (MRS) ворс' ?
Udmurt (Votyak): kuslal- 'тормозить' ?
Komi (Zyrian): ki̮s (S V Pr.) 'Fell vom Rentier-, Kuh-, Pferdebein vom Knie ab nach unten', køs (PO) 'шкура конских или лосиных ног, которой обивают лыжи'
Khanty (Ostyak): köwǝl (V), kepǝt (DN), kepǝл (Kaz.) 'das Fell von den Pfoten der Pelztiere'
Mansi (Vogul): koǟt (KU), koǟt, kǟt (P), kot (SO) 'Beinling (des Elentieres, des (wilden) Rentiers)'
Sammalahti's version: *küpsV
uralet-proto,uralet-prnum,uralet-meaning,uralet-germmean,uralet-fin,uralet-est,uralet-mar,uralet-udm,uralet-kom,uralet-khn,uralet-man,uralet-samm2,

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Long-range etymologies :

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Borean (approx.) : KVPCV
Meaning : paw, grasp
Eurasiatic : *gEpSV
Afroasiatic : *gabaʔ-
Austric : *KUp seize, handful (?)
Amerind (misc.) : *ḳapi 'hand' (R 351) [+ A ]
Reference : Cf. KVPV.
globet-meaning,globet-nostr,globet-afas,globet-austr,globet-amer,globet-reference,

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Afroasiatic etymology :

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Proto-Afro-Asiatic: *gabaʔ-
Meaning: joint of a limb; arm
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
Semitic: *gubb-at- 'wrist, ankle' ~ *gibār-at- 'wrist'
Egyptian: gbꜣ (ME) 'arm' (<*gabaʔ/y)
Western Chadic: *gaḅ- < *gabaʔ- 'joint, limb'
Beḍauye (Beja): gún/mba 'knee'
Saho-Afar: *gab- 'hand'
afaset-meaning,afaset-prnum,afaset-sem,afaset-egy,afaset-wch,afaset-bed,afaset-sho,

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Semitic etymology :

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Number: 2598
Proto-Semitic: *gubb-at- 1, 2 ~ *gibār-at- 1
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'wrist' 1, 'ankle' 2
Arabic: ǯubbat- 1, 2 BK 1 246; ǯibārat- 1 BK 1 248
semet-proto,semet-prnum,semet-meaning,semet-ara,

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Egyptian etymology :

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Old Egyptian: gbꜣ
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'arm' Arm (ME); gꜣb.t (19), gꜣyyb.t (20)
Demotic: gb.t
Sahidic: gboei 'bras; jambe (d'animaux)' <*gabay Vyc 336
egyet-prnum,egyet-meaning,egyet-dem,egyet-sss,

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West Chadic etymology :

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Proto-WChadic: *gaḅ-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'joint, limb'
Hausa: gáḅà
wchet-prnum,wchet-meaning,wchet-hsa,

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Bedauye (Beja) etymology :

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Bedauye: gún/mba
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'knee'
Notes: Assimilated from *gulba?
bedet-prnum,bedet-meaning,bedet-notes,

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Saho-Afar etymology :

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Proto-Saho-Afar: *gab-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'hand'
Saho: gabaa
Afar (Danakil): gaba, gabaa
shoet-prnum,shoet-meaning,shoet-saho,shoet-afar,

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Austric etymology :

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Proto-Austric: *kUp
Meaning: catch, seize
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
Proto-Austroasiatic: *ko:p / *kɔ:p
Austroasiatic meaning: catch
Proto-Austronesian: *aŋkup; *ra(ŋ)kup
Austronesian meaning: scoop, handful
Austronesian code: 1:53; 20:2
Proto-Thai: ko:p to take with a handful
austr-meaning,austr-prnum,austr-aa,austr-aame,austr-an,austr-anme,austr-ancode,austr-tai,

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Austro-Asiatic etymology :

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Proto-Austro-Asiatic: *ko:p / *kɔ:p
Meaning: catch
Austric etymology: Austric etymology
Thai: ko:p to take with a handful
Proto-Katuic: *ko:p / *kɔ:p
Khmer: OK kop, kwap
Proto-Khmu: *ko:p
aaet-meaning,aaet-prnum,aaet-thai,aaet-kat,aaet-kmr,aaet-kmu,

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Katuic etymology :

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Proto-Katuic: *ko:p / *kɔ:p
Meaning: to catch
Presyllable: #
Austro-Asiatic etymology: Austro-Asiatic etymology
Proto-West Katuic: *ko:p
Proto-East Katuic: *kɔ:p
References: P-231; TK16.118
Notes: some forms may be borrowed from KMR kɔ:p
katet-meaning,katet-prpr,katet-prnum,katet-wkat,katet-ekat,katet-bibref,katet-notes,

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West Katuic etymology :

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Proto-West Katuic: *ko:p
Meaning: to catch
Presyllable: #
Katuic etymology: Katuic etymology
Bru Van Keu: kop.T V?
Bru Van Keu meaning: to catch, to arrest
So: kɔ:p.N
So meaning: (TL)
Bru: kɔ:p.N
Bru meaning: to arrest, catch
Sou: ko:p
Kui: kâ:p.N
Kui meaning: to catch, hold
Kuay: kâ:p.N
Kuay meaning: catch
Ngeu: kɔ:p.N
Ngeu meaning: katch
wkatet-meaning,wkatet-wpre,wkatet-prnum,wkatet-vkv,wkatet-vkvme,wkatet-so,wkatet-some,wkatet-bru,wkatet-brume,wkatet-sou,wkatet-kui,wkatet-kuime,wkatet-kuay,wkatet-kuayme,wkatet-ngeu,wkatet-nyeume,

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East Katuic etymology :

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Proto-East Katuic: *kɔ:p
Meaning: to catch
Presyllable: #
Katuic etymology: Katuic etymology
Pakoh: kɔ:p
Pakoh meaning: to catch, grab
Taojh: kɔ:p
Taojh meaning: catch (PT-125); ko:p.T (VL)
Lao Katu: kɔ:p
Lao Katu meaning: to grab, take, capture
Ngeq: kɔ:p
Ngeq meaning: to catch
Kri: kâ:p
Chatong: kɔ:p
Kantu dialects: kâ:p
Triw: kɔ:p
Dakkan dialects (1): kâ:p
Dakkan dialects (2): kɔ:p
Dakkan meaning: catch (ball)
Katu dialects (1): kâ:p
Katu dialects (3): kâ:p
Katu dialects (4): kâ:p
Katu meaning: to capture
ekatet-meaning,ekatet-epre,ekatet-prnum,ekatet-pak,ekatet-pakme,ekatet-tao,ekatet-taome,ekatet-lka,ekatet-lkame,ekatet-nge,ekatet-ngeme,ekatet-kr,ekatet-ct,ekatet-kntt,ekatet-tr,ekatet-dkl,ekatet-dkk,ekatet-dkme,ekatet-and,ekatet-hkv,ekatet-kph,ekatet-katme,

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Khmer etymology :

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Khmer: kap
Meaning: to own; have good fortune; kap' be blessed
Austro-Asiatic etymology: Austro-Asiatic etymology
Old Khmer: kop, kawp
Old Khmer Meaning: to seize, posses
References: JP3
kmret-meaning,kmret-prnum,kmret-okh,kmret-okmean,kmret-ref,

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