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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *bạl
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: honey
Russian meaning: мед
Karakhanid: bal (MK Suvar, Kypchak, Oghuz)
Turkish: bal
Tatar: bal
Middle Turkic: bal (Sangl.)
Uzbek: bɔl
Uighur: bal
Azerbaidzhan: bal
Turkmen: bal
Khakassian: pal
Shor: pal
Chuvash: pɨl
Kirghiz: bal
Kazakh: bal
Noghai: bal
Bashkir: bal
Balkar: bal
Gagauz: bal
Karaim: bal
Karakalpak: bal, pal
Salar: pal
Kumyk: bal
Comments: VEWT 59, EDT 330, ЭСТЯ 2, 47. Turk. > Mong. bal (Щербак 1997, 103).
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-chv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *male
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: honey, plant oil
Russian meaning: мед, растительное масло
Turkic: *bạl
Mongolian: *milaɣa-
Tungus-Manchu: *mala
Comments: A Western isogloss; but cf. perhaps moro- in Jpn. moro-mi 'undistilled sake, soy sauce', moro-haku 'distilled sake'.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *milaɣa-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to anoint, smear with oil
Russian meaning: смазывать маслом
Written Mongolian: milaɣa- (L 538)
Middle Mongolian: malija- 'to offer', mali'an 'service' (SH)
Khalkha: ḿalā-
Buriat: mila 'satiety', milāŋ 'birthday'
Kalmuck: melɛ̄-, malī-, maĺā- 'to smear with oil (on occasion of birth etc.)'
Ordos: milā-
Comments: KW 255, 260, 262. A secondarily developed meaning is 'to treat, entertain (on some occasion)'. Mong. > Oyr. malkɨ-, Yak. malā-sɨn (VEWT 324).
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *mala
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: sesame oil, plant oil
Russian meaning: кунжутное масло, растительное масло
Literary Manchu: malaŋGu
Ulcha: mala (simseni)
Nanai: malengu (imekseni)
Comments: ТМС 1, 523-524.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-man,tunget-ulc,tunget-nan,tunget-reference,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *mVjLV
Meaning: honey
Indo-European: *melit-
Altaic: *male
Uralic: *majδ́V (SKES 328)
Dravidian: *māl-
References: МССНЯ 348, ОСНЯ 2, 38, ND 1521 *mayʒ̂V 'tasty beverage, sap of trees' (with incorr. Kartv.). [Same root as *mVLV 'blood, marrow'?]
nostret-meaning,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,nostret-drav,nostret-reference,

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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *melit-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: honey
Hittite: maliddu- (miliddu-) 'süß', milit- n. 'Honig' (Friedrich 134, 143)
Armenian: meɫr, gen. meɫu `Honig'
Old Greek: méli, -itos n. `Honig'; mélissa, att. -tta f. `Biene'
Germanic: *miliɵ- c., *mili-sk-a- adj.
Latin: mel, gen. mellis n. `Honig', mella f. `Honigwasser'; mulsus, -a `mit Honig angemacht od. gesotten; honigsüss', mulsum n. `Weinmet', mulsa f. `Wassermet'
Celtic: OIr mil `Honig'; Cymr mel `Honig', Corn mel `Honig', Bret mel `Honig'
Albanian: mjal', mjal'tɛ Honig
Russ. meaning: мед
References: WP II 296
piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-hitt,piet-arm,piet-greek,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-celt,piet-alb,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,

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Germanic etymology :

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Proto-Germanic: *miliɵ-, *miliska-
Meaning: honey
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: { miliɵ }
Old English: mele-, mil-dēaw `honey-dew, nectar', milisc adj. `honeyed, sweet, mellow, mulled'
germet-meaning,germet-prnum,germet-got,germet-oengl,

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Pokorny's dictionary :

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Number: 1269
Root: meli-t
English meaning: honey
German meaning: `Honig'
Grammatical comments: n., Gen. mel-nés
Material: Arm. meɫr `Honig', Gen. melu (zum u-St. wohl nach *medhu geworden), meɫu, Gen. meɫui `Biene'; skyth. μελίτιον πόμα τι Σκυθικόν Hes.; gr. μέλι, -τος `Honig', μέλισσα, att. -ττα `Biene' (*μελιτι̯α oder *μελι-λιχι̯α `Honig-leckerin'), βλίττω `zeidle' (*mlit-i̯ō); vgl. μείλιχος, att. μῑλίχιος `sanft';

    alb. mjal, mjaltë (*melitom) `Honig'; lat. mel, mellis (*melnés) `Honig', mulsus `mit Honig angemacht oder gekocht' (*melsos; alte Nachahmung von *saldtos, salsus); air. mil `Honig' (*melit zu *meli, wonach Gen. mela), cymr. corn. bret. mel ds.; ir. milis, cymr. melys `süß', gall. PN Meliððus, Melissus; auch cymr. usw. melyn `gelblich' ist wahrscheinlich `honigfarben' (s. unter mel- Farbenbezeichnung); got. miliþ (*melitom) `Honig', ags. mildēaw `Nektar', ags.milisc `honigsüß';

    hitt. mi-li-t `Honig'.

References: WP. II 296, WH. II 61 f., Schwyzer Gr. Gr. 1, 283, 518, 838.
Pages: 723-724
PIE database: PIE database
pokorny-root,pokorny-meaning,pokorny-ger_mean,pokorny-grammar,pokorny-material,pokorny-ref,pokorny-pages,pokorny-piet,

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Uralic etymology :

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Number: 1416
Proto: *majδ́V
> Nostratic: > Nostratic
English meaning: tree sap; milk
German meaning: Baumsaft <> Milch
Finnish: maito 'Milch', (dial.) 'Baum-, Birkensaft, Birkenwasser', maiti 'Fischmilch', maitilas 'Sahne' ( > Saam. L mai'tu 'Milch', T majta, Kld. majt; Wot. dial. maito) ?
Estonian: mait (dial., pl. maidud) 'Rahm (Sahne?)' ?
Udmurt (Votyak): me̮ĺ (S) 'Baumhonig, süšer Baumsaft (z. B. an der Weißtanne in großer Hitze)' ?
uralet-proto,uralet-prnum,uralet-meaning,uralet-germmean,uralet-fin,uralet-est,uralet-udm,

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Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-Dravidian : *māl-
Meaning : 1 confused, perturbed; intoxicated 2 liquor
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Proto-South Dravidian: *māl-
Proto-Telugu : *māl-
Proto-Kolami-Gadba : *māl
dravet-meaning,dravet-prnum,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,dravet-koga,

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South Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-South Dravidian : *māl-
Meaning : confused; intoxication; toddy
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : māl (mālv-, mān_r_-)
Tamil meaning : to be confused, perturbed; n. illusion, delusion, aberration of mind, dullness, stupor, confusion, desire, love, lust
Tamil derivates : māli toddy; mān_r_ār those who are confused in mind; mān_r_al bewilderment; mān_ (mān_v-, mān_r_-) to be doubtful, be confused
Malayalam : māl
Malayalam meaning : infatuation, confusion, grief, sickness of mind
Malayalam derivates : (DCV) mālu toddy
Notes : Tamil mān_ by analogy with the past stem.
Number in DED : 4822
sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-tamder,sdret-mal,sdret-malmean,sdret-malder,sdret-notes,sdret-dednum,

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Telugu etymology :

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Proto-Telugu : *māl-
Meaning : to be lazy; n. laziness
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Telugu : mālugu
Additional forms : Also mālũbōtu lazy man, sluggard
Number in DED : 4822
telet-meaning,telet-prnum,telet-tel_1,telet-addition,telet-dednum,

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Kolami-Gadba etymology :

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Proto-Kolami-Gadba : *māl
Meaning : liquor
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Naiki : māl
Parji : mēl
Ollari Gadba : māl
Salur Gadba : māl "liquor, toddy"
Number in DED : 4822
kogaet-meaning,kogaet-prnum,kogaet-naiki,kogaet-parji,kogaet-ollari,kogaet-salur,kogaet-dednum,

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