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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *tArakaj
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 snipe 2 hawk 3 a k. of lark 4 a k. of duck (кречетка) 5 corncrake 6 merganser
Russian meaning: 1 бекас 2 ястреб 3 вид жаворонка 4 утка-кречетка 5 коростель 6 крохаль
Karakhanid: tartar 'a bird like the turtle dove, a water-fowl' (MK)'
Turkish: taraɣaj 2
Middle Turkic: taraɣaj 3
Uzbek: tɔrɣɔq 4
Khakassian: taraɣaj 1, tārt 5
Oyrat: tarqat 6
Tofalar: tarhat 6 (ФиЛ 233)
Kirghiz: tartar 5
Kazakh: tarɣaq 'steppe bird', tartar 5
Comments: VEWT 463, EDT 536. There are two distinctive formations: *tara-kaj (a k. of steppe bird, but not quite clear - which), and *tartar (basically corncrake, but attested in MK with the meaning 'a bird like turtle dove, water-fowl'). They may be related, but the latter may also represent a borrowing < Sak. tatara 'partridge' (cf. also Armen. tatrak 'turtle-dove'), see Bailey 122.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-reference,

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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *t`ari
Meaning: a k. of water bird
Russian meaning: вид водной птицы
Turkic: *tArakaj
Mongolian: *čirökej
Tungus-Manchu: *tarmī
Comments: A Western isogloss. Some Turkic forms may have been influenced by *torgaj 'lark' (q. v.).
altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *čirökej
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: a k. of duck
Russian meaning: вид утки
Written Mongolian: čürügü (L 210)
Buriat: šürxɨ 'teal'
Kalmuck: čörkǝ 'teal' (КРС)
Comments: Mong. > Oyr. čüräkäj, Kaz. šürügüj etc. (see VEWT 121), whence again Kalm. šörgǝ (KW 366-367).
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *tarmī
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: a k. of duck
Russian meaning: вид утки
Evenki: tarmī
Negidal: tajmị̄
Literary Manchu: tarmin ńexe
Ulcha: tarmị
Nanai: tarmị
Oroch: taumǟ
Udighe: taumä
Comments: ТМС 2, 169.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-neg,tunget-man,tunget-ulc,tunget-nan,tunget-orc,tunget-ude,tunget-reference,

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