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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *jaku
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: coat
Russian meaning: плащ, шуба
Karakhanid: jaqu (MK)
Oyrat: jaqqɨ, d́aqqɨ, jaqa, d́aqa
Yakut: saɣɨnńax
Tuva: čaɣɨ
Kirghiz: ǯaqɨ (dial.)
Kazakh: žaqɨ (dial.)
Bashkir: jaqɨ
Comments: ЭСТЯ 4, 60-61, Лексика 476. The form jaɣqu is not really attested: it is a folk etymology related by MK. Turk. > Russ. jegá, see Аникин 195, 721.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-alt,turcet-jak,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-bas,turcet-reference,

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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *ĺak`V ( ~ -e-)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: fur clothes
Russian meaning: меховая одежда
Turkic: *jaku
Mongolian: *daku
Tungus-Manchu: *leKu (/ *laKu)
Comments: A Western isogloss. Mong. cannot be < Turk., despite Щербак 1997, 121.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *daku
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: coat
Russian meaning: меховая накидка, шуба
Written Mongolian: daqu
Middle Mongolian: daqu (SH)
Khalkha: dax
Buriat: daxa
Kalmuck: daxǝ
Ordos: daxu
Dagur: dagu
Monguor: daxu, dāxu 'habit court et sans manches porté jadis par les femmes monguor' (SM 41)
Comments: KW 72, MGCD 205. Mong. > Evk. daku etc., see Poppe 1966, 195, TMN 4, 283-284, Doerfer MT 37, Rozycki 53, Аникин 179).
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-mgr,monget-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *leKu (/ *laKu)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 warm cotton trousers 2 deerskin footwear 3 slippers
Russian meaning: 1 теплые ватные штаны 2 обувь из оленьей шкуры 3 тапочки
Evenki: leke-mī, loko-mī 2
Negidal: loxomị̄ 2
Literary Manchu: laqu 1
Ulcha: lēmi 3
Orok: lemi-le- 'to wear shoes'
Nanai: lēmi 3
Udighe: lexeme 3
Comments: ТМС 1, 488, 516.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-neg,tunget-man,tunget-ulc,tunget-ork,tunget-nan,tunget-ude,tunget-reference,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *ɫaḳV
Meaning: leg
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *lek- (Pok. 673)
Altaic: *ĺak`V ( ~ -e-) [if orig. 'footgear', as in TM]
Uralic: *jalka ?; Selk. lāka
Chukchee-Kamchatkan: *ɫ́ǝɣʷe-'n обувь, торбаз ср К-768 К-432
References: МССНЯ 351, ОСНЯ 2, 22; ND 1287 *LVḲa/E 'leg'; 1974 *rig(V)ḷE 'foot, paw' (same IE and Ur + Sem.). For Ur. *jalka cf. perhaps PA *alak`u 'walk'; PAA *hVlak- id.?
nostret-meaning,nostret-prnum,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,nostret-chuk,nostret-reference,

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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *(ǝ)lak-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: leg; the main muscle of arm/leg
Old Indian: r̥kṣálā, r̥cchárā f. `part of an animal's leg between the fetlock joint and the hoof
Armenian: oɫokh `ankle, leg from knee to foot'
Old Greek: láks, lágdǟn `mit der Ferse, dem Fuss', lakhmós = laktismós; laktízdō `mit der Ferse, dem Fuss, dem Huf schlagen, stossen, ausschlagen'
Baltic: *lak-n-ā̂ f.
Germanic: *lag-já- m., *láx-az- n.
Latin: lacertus, -ī m. pl. `die Muskeln, bes. des Oberarms und dieser selbst'
Russ. meaning: нога; основная мышца руки/ноги
References: WP II 420 f
piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-arm,piet-greek,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,

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Baltic etymology :

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Proto-Baltic: *lak-n-ā̂ f.
Meaning: trousers
Indo-European etymology: Indo-European etymology
Old Prussian: lakno `Hosen' V. 481
baltet-meaning,baltet-prnum,baltet-oprus,

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Germanic etymology :

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Proto-Germanic: *lagjá-z, *láxaz
Meaning: thigh
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: legg-r m. `Bein, Wade, Knochenröhre', lǟr n. `Schenkel'
Norwegian: legg; lɔr, lär
Old Swedish: lɔr `Schenkel'
Swedish: lägg
Danish: legg, läg; lɔr
Middle English: lag (XIII c.)
English: leg
Old High German: Langob lagi `Oberschenkel'
germet-meaning,germet-prnum,germet-onord,germet-norw,germet-oswed,germet-swed,germet-dan,germet-mengl,germet-engl,germet-ohg,

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Pokorny's dictionary :

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Number: 1157
Root: lek-2 (: lek-) und lēk- : lǝk-
English meaning: joint, member; to bend, wind
German meaning: in Worten für `Gliedmaßen' und für `biegen, winden, springen, zappeln'
Material: Ai. r̥kṣalā `Fußgelenk bei Huftieren' (*l̥k-s-elā);

    gr. λάξ, λάγδην `mit dem Fuße ausschlagend', λαχμός (*λακσμος) `das Ausschlagen mit dem Fuße', λακτίζω `stoße mit dem Fuße'; λάκτις, -ιος `Mörserkeule'; ablaut. ληκα̃ν τὸ πρὸς ᾠδήν ὀρχει̃σθαι, ληκη̃σαι πατάξαι Hes. (: lett. lę̃kāt); λικερτίζειν σκιρτα̃ν Hes. (*leq-); s. λικρόι u. dgl. S. 308 unter el- `biegen';

    ob lat. lacertus, meist Pl. `die Muskeln, bes. der Oberarm', lacerta `Eidechse' (`die Biegsame')?? lacca `Geschwulst an den Unterschenkeln der Zugtiere' (wäre eine späte Kurzform mit Kons.-Gemination); lō̆custa `Heuschrecke; Meerkrebs' (`mit Gelenken versehen'?);?

    gall.-rom. *lakāre `biegen', v. Wartburg FEW s. v.;

    aisl. leggr `Unterbein, Knochen', arm-, hand-leggr `Arm', fōt-, lǣr-leggr `Wade' (*lagiz); langob. lagi `Schenkel'; aisl. lǣr, aschwed. lār ds. (*lahaz- oder *lēhaz- n.), ags. līra `das Dickfleisch an Waden, Schenkeln, Weichen und Gesäß' (*ligizan-); mhd. lecken, nhd. alt löcken `hinten ausschlagen, hüpfen', norw. dial. lakka `(auf einem Fuß) hüpfen, trippeln' (*lakjan);

    lit. lekiù, lė̃kti `fliegen', Iterat. lakstýti `hin und her fliegen', Kausat. lakinti `fliegen machen', laktà `Hulmerstange' (`*Aufflug'), lakùs `flüchtig, behend', lett. lezu, lēkt `springen, hüpfen', Iterat. lãkat (: ληκα̃ν), lēkas f. Pl. `Herzschlag'; apr. lagno (aus *lakno) `Beinkleid, Hose'; vielleicht abg. -leštǫ, -letěti `fliegen', wenn aus *lek-t- vor dunklen Vokalen oder aus lek- und pet- kontaminiert.

References: WP. I 420 f., WH. I 743 f., Trautmann 156; vgl. auch oben S. 308 f.
Pages: 673
PIE database: PIE database
pokorny-root,pokorny-meaning,pokorny-ger_mean,pokorny-material,pokorny-ref,pokorny-pages,pokorny-piet,

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Uralic etymology :

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Number: 162
Proto: *jalka
> Nostratic: > Nostratic
English meaning: foot, leg
German meaning: Fuß, Bein
Finnish: jalka 'Fuß, Bein'
Estonian: jalg (gen. jala)
Saam (Lapp): juol'ge -lg- (N), juol'kē (L), jīlke (jie) (T), jūilk (Kld.), juoilk, jueilk (Not.), juilgit (A) 'Fuß'
Mordovian: jalgo (E), jalga (M) 'zu Fuß'
Mari (Cheremis): jal (KB), jol (U B) 'Fuß'
Hungarian: gyalog 'zu Fuß; (altung.) Fußgänger, Fußsoldat'
Sammalahti's version: *ji6lka
References: FUV; Donn.VglWb. 382; SKES; MuSz. 160; SzófSz.; MSzFgrE; TESz.
uralet-proto,uralet-prnum,uralet-meaning,uralet-germmean,uralet-fin,uralet-est,uralet-saa,uralet-mrd,uralet-mar,uralet-ugr,uralet-samm2,uralet-lit,

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Chukchee-Kamchatkan etymology :

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Proto-Chukchee-Kamchatkan: *'ǝɫ́ɣʷe-rV
Meaning (Rus.): обувь, торбаз
Proto-Chukchee-Koryak: *ǝcferi
Proto-Itelmen: *śfĭ-, *śfa-zo-
Comments: Ср. *ĺaɣŏ= 'голенище' (432).
kamet-meaning,kamet-chuk,kamet-itel,kamet-comments,

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Chukchee-Koryak etymology :

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Proto-Chukchee-Koryak: *ǝcferi
Chukchee-Kamchatkan etymology: Chukchee-Kamchatkan etymology
Meaning (Rus.): летняя обувь, сапог, торбаз
Chukchee: cwɛri
Koryak: cwej, cǝwéj=* (I)
Palan: č̨are=, č̨are-wwi pl.
Alutor: cvari-w pl.
Comments: В пал. втоpичная утеpя *-f- в сочетании, давшая нетривиальный переход c̨w- [sw-] > č̨- [š-].
chuket-prnum,chuket-meaning,chuket-chu,chuket-kor,chuket-pal,chuket-alu,chuket-comments,

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Itelmen etymology :

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Proto-Itelmen: *śxʷĭ-, *śwa-zo-
Chukchee-Kamchatkan etymology: Chukchee-Kamchatkan etymology
Meaning (Rus.): торбаз
Itelmen: sf-no-ŋ (sfŭ-'n pl.)
Itelmen meaning: торбаз
West Itelmen: sxin, š(v)xin pl. 1, 'iviĺ-šxin švazo-t-knan 2
West Itelmen meaning: caligae e pellis
West Itelmen meaning (Polish): buty futrzane, torbazy 1, (dɫugie) obuwie dla chodzenia po bɫotach i wodzie 2
South Itelmen: sxiln-at pl. 1, š_xivazu-t pl. 2
South Itelmen meaning (Latin): scapi caligarum 1, tegumenta genum, braccae iferiores 2
South Itelmen meaning (Polish): cholewy 1, przykrycie kolan, gacie 2
Number in Volodin 1976: 123, 165
Comments: При подаче юж. камч. материалов Дыбовского неправильно проинтерпретировано рус. рукописное "ш" = [š] как "т" = [t].
itelet-prnum,itelet-meaning,itelet-ite,itelet-itemea,itelet-wit,itelet-witmea,itelet-witmep,itelet-sit,itelet-sitmea,itelet-sitmep,itelet-vol,itelet-comments,

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Long-range etymologies :

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Borean (approx.) : LVKV
Meaning : leg
Eurasiatic : *ɫaḳV
Afroasiatic : *lVk-
Sino-Caucasian : *ɫäk_ā
African (misc.) : Cf. Macro-Khoisan *ƛ̣aḳVNV "shoe" (?).
Reference : ND 1287.
globet-meaning,globet-nostr,globet-afas,globet-scc,globet-afr,globet-reference,

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Afroasiatic etymology :

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Proto-Afro-Asiatic: *lVk-
Meaning: hip, thigh
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
Semitic: *Hilk- waist, posterior (lower part of Siamese twins' body) (?)
Berber: Ayr tǝ-lănkaw-t 'tail'
Central Cushitic (Agaw): *likʷ- 'leg, hip'
Saho-Afar: *lak- 'hip, thigh, leg'
Low East Cushitic: *lukk- 'leg, hip'
High East Cushitic: *le/ukk- 'leg, hip'
Dahalo (Sanye): luka 'thigh'
afaset-meaning,afaset-prnum,afaset-sem,afaset-brb,afaset-agw,afaset-sho,afaset-lec,afaset-hec,afaset-dhl,

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Semitic etymology :

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Number: 1806
Proto-Semitic: *Hilk-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: waist, posterior (lower part of Siamese twins' body)
Akkadian: ilku YB
Arabic: --
Geʕez (Ethiopian): --
East Ethiopic: --
Gurage: --
Notes: Kogan Add. to HSED. Prefix *ʔi-.
semet-proto,semet-prnum,semet-meaning,semet-akk,semet-ara,semet-gzz,semet-east,semet-gur,semet-notes,

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Central Cushitic (Agaw) etymology :

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Proto-Agaw: *likʷ-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'leg, hip'
Bilin: likʷ
Khamir: likʷ
Khamta: lukʷ
Qwara: likʷ
Dembea: likʷ
Qemant: läkʷǝ
Awiya (Aungi): lǝkʷ
agwet-prnum,agwet-meaning,agwet-bil,agwet-xmr,agwet-xmt,agwet-kwr,agwet-dmb,agwet-kem,agwet-aun,

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Saho-Afar etymology :

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Proto-Saho-Afar: *lak-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'hip, thigh, leg'
Saho: lak
Afar (Danakil): lak
shoet-prnum,shoet-meaning,shoet-saho,shoet-afar,

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Low East Cushitic etymology :

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Proto-Low East Cushitic: *lukk-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'leg, hip'
Somali: lug
Oromo (Galla): luka, lukaa
Rendille: lux
Baiso: lukka
Arbore: lukk
Konso: Cf. log-da
Gidole (Dirasha): lukkɛ-to
lecet-prnum,lecet-meaning,lecet-som,lecet-oro,lecet-rnd,lecet-bay,lecet-arb,lecet-kon,lecet-gdl,

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High East Cushitic etymology :

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Proto-High East Cushitic: *le/ukk-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'leg, hip'
Sidamo: lekkee
Darasa (Gedeo): lekka
Hadiya (Gudella): lokko
Alaba: lokka-ti
Burji (Bambala, Dashe): luka, lukka
Kambatta: lokka-ta
hecet-prnum,hecet-meaning,hecet-sid,hecet-dar,hecet-had,hecet-ala,hecet-bmb,hecet-kmb,

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Dahalo etymology :

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Dahalo: luka
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'thigh'
dhlet-prnum,dhlet-meaning,

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Sino-Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-Sino-Caucasian: *ɫäk_ā
Meaning: bone, leg-bone
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
North Caucasian: *ɫäk_ā
Sino-Tibetan: *lVŋ
Comments and references : NSC 58 *ɫEkV. The PST form can be also derived from *ƛ̣_wVnʔV.
sccet-meaning,sccet-prnum,sccet-cauc,sccet-stib,sccet-notes,

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North Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-North Caucasian: *ɫäk_ā
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: bone, leg-bone
Proto-Avaro-Andian: *ligV
Proto-Lak: lič:a
Proto-Dargwa: *lik:a
Proto-Lezghian: *läk
Notes: Reconstructed for the PEC level. Correspondences are regular. Av. laga 'body' was probably twice borrowed in Arch.: first as *lagǝ > lági 'belly' (with a shift of meaning) and more recently as lagá 'body, body part'.
caucet-prnum,caucet-meaning,caucet-aand,caucet-lak,caucet-darg,caucet-lezg,caucet-comment,

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Avar-Andian etymology :

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Protoform: *ligV
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: 1 body organ; body, stature 2 shins, shanks
Avar: lagá 1
Chamalal: gele (pl.t.) 2
Comments: The Cham. form is metathesised. Av. paradigm B (logó-l, lug-bí). The Av. word is borrowed in many languages: And., Cham., Tind., Inkh., Tsez., Gin. laga 'body'.
aandet-prnum,aandet-meaning,aandet-ava,aandet-chm,aandet-comment,

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Lak etymology :

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Lak root: lič:a
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: bone
Lak form: lič:a
Comments: 4th class. Obl. base lik:u-ra-. The plural form lik-ri also means 'feet, legs'.
laket-prnum,laket-meaning,laket-lak,laket-comment,

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Dargwa etymology :

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Proto-Dargwa: *lik:a
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: bone
Akusha: liga
Comments: Cf. Ur. liga, Kub., Tsud. lik:a etc.
darget-prnum,darget-meaning,darget-drg,darget-comment,

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Lezghian etymology :

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Proto-Lezghian: *läk
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: 1 foot, leg 2 bone
Tabasaran: lik 1
Agul: lak 1
Archi: lek:i 2
Comment: Obl. base *läkɨ- or *läke-, to judge from the Ag. form laku-. In Ag. cf. also Bursh. lek.
lezget-prnum,lezget-meaning,lezget-tab,lezget-agu,lezget-arc,lezget-comment,

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Sino-Tibetan etymology :

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Proto-Sino-Tibetan: *lǝŋ
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: shin, ankle
Tibetan: loŋ-bu ankle-bone, astragal, bloŋ bones or knuckles used as dice.
Kachin: šiŋlaŋ1 the shin.
Kiranti: *lǝŋ
Comments: Cf. also Tujia lu.1 ka.1, Tani *loŋ, Miji lyaŋ 'bone', Karen *leN.T knee.
stibet-prnum,stibet-meaning,stibet-tib,stibet-kach,stibet-kir,stibet-comments,

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Kiranti etymology :

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Proto-Kiranti: *lǝŋ
Sino-Tibetan etymology: Sino-Tibetan etymology
Meaning: foot, leg
Sunwar: -lā̃ in dimbla sole, dimblā foot
Limbu: lāŋ leg, foot
Kulung: lɔŋ
Yamphu: laŋ (also raŋ in compounds)
kiret-prnum,kiret-meaning,kiret-sun,kiret-lim,kiret-kul,kiret-yam,

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Limbu dictionary :

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Entry: laN
Kiranti etymology: Kiranti etymology
Grammar: n.
Meaning: leg, foot
limet-prnum,limet-pspeech,limet-meaning,

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Kulung dictionary :

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Entry: lɔN
Kiranti etymology: Kiranti etymology
Grammar: n.
Meaning: leg, foot
Nepali: khuṭṭā.
kulet-prnum,kulet-pspeech,kulet-meaning,kulet-nepali,

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Yamphu dictionary :

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Entry: laŋ I
Kiranti etymology: Kiranti etymology
Grammar: n.
Meaning: leg
Comments: only in the expression laŋ ti:ma v.tr. to walk, to go on foot.
yamet-prnum,yamet-pspeech,yamet-meaning,yamet-comments,

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